Muscles in the head & Neck

  1. Muscles of mastication are are made up of 4 muscles that allow you to chew. What are they?

    A)Temporals, masseter, medial and lateral pterygoids
  2. This muscle is scallop shaped that lie above, behind and below the ears. Can be a majot contibuting factor to TMJ

    B) Temporalis
  3. Name this muscle
    O: Temporal Foss
    I: Coronoid process of the mandible
    A: Elevates and retracts madible

    C) Temporalis
  4. Lbs for lbs this mucle is the strongest muscle in the body. It is strong enoough to to chew off a digit and can also contributes to  TMJD

    • A) Masseter
    • Image Upload 1
  5. Name this mucles
    Orgin: Zygomatic Arch
    I: Mandibular angle, arch and armus
    A: Evevates the and profracts the jaw

    Image Upload 2
    D) Masseter
  6. This mucele produces lateral mandibular movements (unilateral)
    Depresses and protracts the mandible.
    I: Condylar process of the mandible, temporomandiblar joint capsule
    O: Pterygoid plate and wing of the sphenoid bone 

    Image Upload 3
    • C) Lateral Pterygoid
    • Image Upload 4
  7. This mucle prodices ladetral mandibular movement (unilateral), elevates and protracts the mandible (bilateral)
    O: Pterygoid process of schnenoid process 
    I: Mandible angle and ramus (interior surface)

    B) Medial Pterygoid
  8. This mucels has two heads one on the sternum, other on the clavicle. It is the only muscle that moves the head without any attachment to vertebral colum. Borders the anterior triangle and can frequently cause headaches

    • D) Sternocleidomastoid
    • Image Upload 5
  9. O: Mandible of sternum, medial ⅓ of clavicleI: Mastoid process, lateral half of superior nuchal lineAction: lateral neck flexion (unilateral & bilateral), rotation of the head

    A) Sternocleidomastoid
  10. This muscles means uneven and is a group of 3 muscles. These muscles are lateral to SCM, medial to trapezius.

    • C) Scalenees
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  11. O: Ant. TP C3-C6, Med. TP C2-C7, Post TP-C4-C6
    I: Ant & Med: Rib 1, Post: Rib 2
    A: Lateral flexion of neck, rotates head (unilateral), elevates ribs

    D) Scalenes
  12. These muscle is known as the bandage muscle and lie deep to the trapezius and rhomboids

    C) Splenius Muscles
  13. The Rectus Capitis Posterior Major and Minor, obliq capitus Superior and Inferior make up what?
    • Suboccipitals
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  14. This mucles means straight head

    D) Rectus Capitis
  15. This mucles means long head

    D) Longus Capitis
  16. This mucle is part of the prevertebral group that help maintain the anterior curve

    O: TP of C3-5
    I: Occipital bone
    A: Laterally flexes and flexes neck 

    B) Longus Capitis
  17. This mucle means splint or bandage neck

    O: SP of T3-T6
    I: TP of C1-C3
    A: rotates and extens the head, laterally flexes the neck

    A) Splenius Cervicis

    • Capitis = Head
    • Colli = Collar
    • Cervivalis = Neck
  18. These mucles are diangle meaning they rotate (Oblique) There are two oblique mucles. Which one ectends and laterally rotates the head

    A) Obique Capitis Superior
    B) Oblique Capitis Inferior
    • A) Obique Capitis Superior
    • Image Upload 8
  19. This mucle means pertaining to the back of head and referring to the frontal bone

    This mucle moves the scalp over the cranium (occipitals), elevates the eyebrows (frontal), horizontally wrinkles the skin

    • C) Occipitofrontalis
    • Image Upload 9
  20. Name this muscle
    O: Orbital margin
    I: Superficial fasa beneath upper eyelids
    A: Closes eyelids and folds skin around orbit, squint eyelids

    C) Orbicularis Oculi

    • Oculi= eye
    • Oris= mouth
  21. This mucle tenses the skin around anterior neck, pulls the corner of the mouth downward and backwards  and depresses the mandible

    A) Platasma

    Image Upload 10
Card Set
Muscles in the head & Neck
muscles in the head and neck. Lesson 12