How many bones in the axial skeleton?
What three bone regions are part of the axial?
- vertebral column
- bony thorax
________ reabsorb and remodel forming bone.
Increase in length of a long bone occurs by cartilaginous, ______ growth at the epiphyseal plate.
Partial older osteons are referred to as _______ lamellae.
The narrow channels connecting neighboring lacunae are ______.
How many cranial bones?
How many facial bones?
How many vertebrae are there?
Which bones articulate with the coronal suture?
between parietal and frontal bone anteriorly.
Which suture splits the parietal bones in half?
Which suture is found where the parietal bones meet the occipital bone?
The squamous suture is located where?
where the parietal and temporal bones meet.
Which bone is divided into the squamous, tympanic, mastoid and petrous regions?
Which bones form the orbits?
frontal, sphenoid, zygomatic, maxilla, palatine, lacrimal, and ethmoid.
What part of the sternum is most commonly fractured during CPR?
Where is the occipital bone located?
posterior of the head
Which bone is the "butterfly" shaped?
The ethmoid bone is located?
between the nasal cavity and the orbits
Which two facial bones are unpaired?
mandible and vomer
Which bone does not articulate with any other bone?
The pectoral girdle consists of the anterior ________ and the posterior ______.
The hip is formed by a pair of bones called the _____.
What 3 bones form the bony pelvis?
coxal, coccyx and sacrum
What 3 parts form the coxal?
ilium, ischium, pubis
ESSAY! Female vs. male pelvis.
- Female- tilted forward, true pelvis is broad, shallow.
- Male- less tilt forward, adapted for support of heavier male build and stronger muscles, cavity is narrow and deep.
Femur articulates with the ____ proximally and with the _____ and ________ distally.
hip, tibia and fibula
Tarsus articulates with the ___ and _______ superiorly and the ______ inferiorly.
tibia, fibula, calcaneus
what is scoliosis?
A curve to the spine, (left/right)
Which spinal curvature is nicknamed "hunchback" or convex curve?
Which spinal curvature is nicknamed "swayback" or associated with pregnant women (concave)?
How many true ribs, false ribs and floating ribs are there?
Name the carpal bones.
- She - Scaphoid
- Looks - Lunate
- Too - Triquetrum
- Pretty - Pisiform
- now back to thumb side
- Try - Trapezium
- To - Trapezoid
- Catch - Capitate
- Her - Hamate
Name the tarsals.
- From the back forward
- Calcaneus - heel bone
- Talus - weight bearing bone
- Navicular - boat shaped
- Cuneiforms (x 3) - medial, intermediate, lateral
The femur is the only bone that has this major marking.
What is the difference between an open and closed fracture?
- Open- skin broken
- Closed- skin unbroken
Difference between complete and incomplete?
- complete- bone broken in two or more peices.
- incomplete- fracture only partway through the bone.
Nondisplaced and displaced?
- nondisplaced- still in correct position
- displaced-out of alignment
What is a comminuted fracture?
bone broken into 3 or more pieces.
Where does a colles fracture occur?
distal end of the radius and ulna
where does a pott fracture occur?
distal end of the tibia, fibula or both
Describe a linear and transverse fracture.
- linear- parrallel to the long axis of the bone
- transverse- perpendicular to long axis
Compound and simple fractures?
- compound- bone ends penetrate skin
- simple- bone ends do not penetrate the skin
What is a spiral fracture?
ragged break, twisting
depressed and compression fractures?
- depressed- bone pressed inward-skull fracture
- compression- crushed
one side breaks other side bends, typical in children