Chapter Three Terms

  1. Biodiversity
    The number and variety of organisms found in a specific region.
  2. Protect
    To legally guard a species that is listed as endangered threatened, or of special concern.For example over half od ontareo's boreal forests are protected, from harm.
  3. Biodiversity Hotspot
    A place where there is an exceptionally large number of species in a relatively small area. For example the Tropical rainforest.
  4. Community
    All the populations of the different species that interact in a specific area or ecosystem.
  5. Dominant species
    A species that is so abundant that is has the largest biomass of any community member. In  most ecosystems the dominant species is a primary producer.
  6. Keystone Species
    A species that can greatly effect population  numbers and the health of an ecosystem.
  7. Captive Breeding
    The breeding of rare or endangered wildlife in a controlled setting to increase the population. 
  8. Ecosystem Engineer
    A species that causes such dramatic change to landscape that it creates a new ecosystem.
  9. Succession
    The series of changes in an ecosystem that changes that occurs over time following a disturbance.
  10. Habitat Loss
    The destruction of habitats, which usually result from human activity. When a new city is built an ecosystem is destroyed.
  11. Deforestation
    The practice of cleaning forests for logging or other human purposes,and never replacing them.Image Upload 1
  12. Alien species
    A species that is accidentally or deliberately introduced into a new location, usually as a result of human activity.For example the Zebra mussels in the great lakes.
  13. Invasive Species
    A species that can take over the habitat of native species or invade their bodies.Image Upload 2
  14. Overexploitation
    The use or extraction of a resource until its depleted. Usually because of human activity. For example the over expliotation of cod in the maritimes, caused a major decrease in the poulation. 
  15. Extinction
    The death of all of the individuals of a species.
  16. Biodiversity Crisis
    The current accelerated rate of extinctions on earth.
  17. Restoration Ecology
    The renewal of degraded or destroyed ecosystems through active human intervention.Image Upload 3
  18. Reforestation
    The regrowth of a forest, either through the planting of seeds or trees in an area where a forest was cut down.
  19. Biocontrol
    The use of a species to control population growth or spread of an undesirable species. If for example a species of secondary consumers invades an ecosystem, a natural predator of this species will be brought in to try to control the growth rates of this undesirable species.
  20. Bioremediation
    The use of a species to clean up contaminated areas naturally.Example the use of bateria to control the levels of oil in the water during the gulf spill.
  21. Bio Augmentation
    The use of a species to replenish nutrients back to depleted soils. for example clovers add nutrients to soils allowing the ecosystem fo flourish.
Card Set
Chapter Three Terms
Science Ecology