What are the goals for active range of motion ex?
- maintain muscle elasticity and contractility
- provide sensory feedback from contracting muscles
- provide a stimulus for bone and joint tissue integrity
- increase circulation
- prevent thrombus formation
- Develop coordination and motor skills
What are the indications for active ROM ex?
- a pt can actively contract the muscles
- pt has weak musculature
- for aerobic conditioning program
- to mobilize segments above and below an immobilized region
What are the indications for passive ROM ex?
- Pt is unable or not supposed to actively move a segment
- Pt has acute, inflammed tissue
What are the goals for passive ROM ex?
- maintain joint and connective tissue mobility
- minimize contractures
- maintain elasticity of muscle
- assist circulation and vascular dynamics
- enhance synovial movement
- assist with the healing process
- help maintain the pt's awareness of the movement
What are the precautions and contraindications of ROM ex?
- Should not be performed when motion is disruptive to the healing process
- ROM should not be performed when the pt's response or condition is life threatening
What is therapeutic exercise?
- planned performance that allows a patient to:
- remediate or prevent impairment
- restore or enhance physical function
- prevent or reduce health-related risk factors
- optimize overall health status, fitness or sense of well being
What are the aspects of physical function?
- Cardiopulmonary fitness
- Muscle performance
- Neuromuscular control
- Postural control, postural stability, and equilibrium
What are the types of therapeutic exercises?
- Aerobic conditioning
- Strength, power, and endurance exercises
- Stabilization exercises
- Postural control and balance training
- Relaxation exercises
- Breathing exercises and ventilatory muscle training