Gov test Vocab

  1. Sovereignty
    The supreme authority to govern within a certain geographical area
  2. Federalism
    A governmental system in which authority is divided between two sovereign levels of government: national and regional
  3. Unitary system
    A governmental system where the national government alone has ultimate authority
  4. Confederacy
    A governmental system where sovereignty is vested entirely in state governments
  5. Enumerated powers
    The seventeen powers granted to the national government under Article 1, Section 8 of the Constitution.  These powers include taxation and the regulation of commerce as well as the authority to provide for the national defense.
  6. Supremacy clause 
    Article 6 of the Constitution, which makes national law supreme over state law when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits
  7. "Necessary and proper" (elastic) clause 
    The authority granted to Congress in Article 1, Section 8 "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper" for the implementation of its enumerated powers
  8. Implied powers
    The federal government's constitutional authority (through the "necessary and proper"clause) to take action that is not expressly authorized by the Constitution but that supports actions that are so authorized
  9. Reserved powers
    The powers granted to the states under the tenth amendment to the Constitution
  10. Nationalization
    The process by which national authority has increased over the course of US history as a result primarily of economic change but also of political action
  11. Dual federalism
    A doctrine based on the idea that a precise separation of national power and state power is both possible and desirable
  12. Commerce clause
    The authority granted to Congress in Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution to "regulate commerce" among the states
  13. Cooperative federalism
    The situation in which the national, state, and local levels work together to solve problems
  14. Fiscal federalism
    A term that refers to the expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through states and localities
  15. Grants in aid
    Federal cash payments to states and localities for programs they administer
  16. Categorical grants
    Federal grants in aid to states and localities that can be used only for designated projects
  17. Block grants 
    Federal grants in aid that permit state and local officials to decide how the money will be spent within a general area
  18. Devolution
    The passing down of authority from the national government to the state and local governments
Card Set
Gov test Vocab
Vocab from pages 60-75 for the gov test on 10/4