GI 2 - Colon

  1. What is Spastic Colon (IBS)
    • Refers to a funtional motility disorder of the lower intestinal tract caused by muscle spasms
    • Occurs in 20% of Americans adults, higher incidence in women than men
    • No evidence of lesions, tumors or ulcerations unlike some other gastrointestional diseases
  2. What are some behavior triggers for IBS
    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • Loss of appetite
  3. What are some physical triggers?
    • Laxative abuse
    • Certain food or beverages
  4. What are symptom of IBS?
    • abdominal distention, gas, bloating
    • intermittent abdominal pain
    • chronic and frequent constipation or diarrhea
  5. What are treatments for IBS
    • 1-Lifestyle changes
    • dietary changes
    • sleep habit change
    • chronic and frequent constipation or diarrhea
    • 2-Medication
    • Antidiarrheals
    • lasxatives
    • 3-Counseling
    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    • Low dose anti-depression

    • What is Dysentery
    • An acute inflammation of the colon caused byinfections microorganisms
  6. What are major Symptoms for Dysentary
    • Diarrhea containing pus, blood, and mucus
    • Severe abdominal pain
  7. What are treatments for Dysentery?
    • Antibotics
    • Amebicides or antiporozoals
    • antihelmintics
    • Fluid replacement (electrolytes and sugars)/rehydration
    • Probiotics (reduce duration and severity of viral dysentery)
  8. Microscopic examination of stools can reveal cause of
    • Food poisoining
    • gastroenteritis
    • Dysentery
  9. If blood in stool is Bright Red?
    Bleeding orginated in the rectum (distal colon)
  10. If blood in stool has streaks of red blood...
    • Bleeding Hemorrhoid
    • Cancer of the Rectum
  11. If blood in stool is dark tarry, in the stools (AKA Melena)
    • Has a distinctive odor and contains digested blood
    • Bleeding from the upper GI tract (i.e. peptic ulcer)
  12. Testing for blood in stools
    • Fecal occult blood test (FOBT)
    • Bleeding gastric or duodenal ulcer
    • Cancer of the stomach
    • Iron-containing medications
Card Set
GI 2 - Colon