GI System-intestine

  1. Cancer of the colon and rectum
    • Starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the Colon)
    • AKA Colorectal cancer
    • Colorectal Cancer is one fo the leading causes of cancer related deaths in US
    • Early Diagnoissi often leads to complete cure
    • Nearly all colon cancers begin as polyps (benign) That may slowly develop into cancer
  2. Two major risk factors for colorectual cancer
    • long-standing ulcerative colitis
    • familial poluposis of the colon
  3. What are the early stage of Colorectal colitis
    • Grows slowly
    • remains localized
    • potentially curable with early diagnosis
  4. What are symptols of colrectal Cancers
    • Changes in bowel habits
    • Abdonomial discomfort and presure, blood in stools, and anemia as tumor grows
  5. How is Colorectal Cancer diagnosed
    • Digital rectal examination
    • Sigmoidoscopy or colonscopy with biopsy
  6. What are treatmens of Colorectal cancer
    Surgery and Chemo
  7. What are two types of intestinal obstructions
    • Organic intestinal obstructions
    • Paralytic intetinal obstructions
  8. What are 2 types of physical organic obstructions
    • Small intestine - adhesions, hernias, tumors, inflamatory bowel disearse, telescoping of intesting (intussusception).
    • large intestine - colon cancer, diverticulitis, twisitng of the colon, impacted feces, narrowing of the colon cause by inflamation and scarring (stricture)
  9. What is Paralytic Obstrcution
    Decreases in peristalisis due to muscle or nerve dysfuntion or movement of the inestine is greatly reducted or absent following: Abdominal surger, pelvic surgery, Infection, certain types of medications and neuromuscular disorders.
  10. What are the symptoms of intestionl obstructions
    • Abdominoal distention, pain, and cramping
    • bowel breath odor
    • constipation
    • diarrhea
    • vomiting
  11. What are test to diagnosis intestional obstructions
    • Bowel sounds
    • High-pitched bowel sounds - mechanical intestional obstructions
    • Decreased or absent -paralytic intestinal obstructions
    • Abdominal CT scan and or abdominal x-ray
    • Barium enema
    • Barium swallow
  12. What a complications that can occur in intestional obstructions
    • Electrolyte imbalence
    • Infection
    • Jaundice
    • Intetinal perforation
  13. What are treatments for intetional obstructions?
    Suction or Surgery
Card Set
GI System-intestine
GI System-intestine