Plants and Microbes

  1. Germination
    The proces when a seed breaks apart and the embryo inside starts to grow.
  2. Photosynthesis
    CO2 + H2O ------> Sugar + O2
  3. Glucose
    • Sugar made from plants
    • Stored as starch
  4. Respiration
    Sugar + O2 ------> CO2 + H2O + Energy
  5. Male parts of a flower
    • Stamen
    • Anther
    • Filament
  6. Female parts of a flower
    • Pistil
    • Stigma
    • Style
    • Ovaries
  7. Pollination
    The transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma
  8. Fertilisation
    When the pollen joins an ovule, then grows into a seed and the ovary grows into a fruit
  9. Xylem
    • Made from dead cells
    • Carries water and minerals
    • Travels up the stem
  10. Phloem
    • Made from living cells
    • Carries glucose
    • Travels down the stem
  11. Stomates
    • Small holes in the underside of the leaves allowing gases to move in and out.
    • Surrounded by guard cells that open and close depending on the plants needs
  12. Aboriginal plant groups
    Food and Chemicals
  13. Aboriginal dye colours
    • Red-Bulbous Mulubirtdi roots
    • Yellow-Corkwood tree roots
  14. Aboriginal glues and resins
    Made from sap from trees and leaves
  15. Aboriginal poisons
    Bark and leaves-stun fish in waterholes
  16. Aboriginal medicines
    • Chew for toothaches
    • Used as a dressing for shark and stingray wounds
    • Soaked in water and used as a sponge for fevers
    • Crushed for headaches
    • Liquid from soaking used for open cuts and sores
  17. Roots
    • Holds plant in the soil
    • Absorbs water from soil (root hairs increase surface area)
    • Tap root and Fibrous root
  18. Stem
    • Holds leaves in the air
    • Transports substances between roots and leaves
  19. Micro-organism
    Organisms too small to be see with the human eye
  20. Enzyme
    Proteins that bring chemical changes in substances but stay unchanged themselves
  21. Amylase
    Enzyme in saliva which breaks down starch into glucose
  22. Fungus which breaks down glucose to ethanol and carbon dioxide
    • Organism consisting of a single cell
    • Reproduce asexually (offspring coming from a single parent)
  23. Binary fission
    When a unicellular organism divides into two identical and equal halves
  24. Budding
    • When a┬álarge mother cell has a smaller daughter cell
    • This is only in yeast cells
Card Set
Plants and Microbes
plants and microbes