n304 growth and development

  1. bm/formula exclusive until when?
    4-6 months
  2. begin introducing solid foods when?
    • 4-6 months
    • extrusion reflex gone
    • can sit up, balance coordination
  3. weight should double by?
    6 months
  4. weight should triple by?
    1 year
  5. pattern of introducing solid foods? (types of food)
    cereal > veggies > fruits > meat
  6. milestones of 3 years old?
    • - begin potty training
    • - up & down stairs, alternating feet
    • - imaginary friends
    • - move from parallel to associative play
  7. should transition to associative play by when?
    4 years
  8. biggest stage of "why?"
    4 years
  9. solitary play is primary for what age group?
    infants and toddlers.  playing alone
  10. parallel play is during what age?
    • toddlers.
    • playing aside each other but no interaction
  11. associative play - what and when?
    • end of toddler stage, moving into preschool age.
    • playing with same toys, some talking
  12. cooperative play - what and when?
    • late preschool, school age
    • organized play with group goals. board games, etc
  13. what age is there a physiologic decrease in appetite?
    toddler/preschooler.  becoming more active, decreased growth rate
  14. only whole milk/ removal of bottle by what age?
  15. food jag?
    repetitive eating. (mac& cheese every day);  method of control
  16. rule of thumb for how much eating in one sitting?
    1 tbsp for each year (4 years old; 4 tbsp)
  17. by what age does the child have full set of 20 teeth?
    age 2
  18. first dentist visit around what age?
    1 year
  19. rule of thumb for time out times?
    one minute per year.
  20. highest incidence of poisoning occurs during what age range?
    from 2 years to 6 years
  21. most common drug poisoning in children?
    acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  22. school age child is what age group?
    5 to 12 years
  23. teeth loss begins at what stage? average pattern of teeth loss?
    school age (around 6).  losing ~4/year
  24. height and weight increase during school age?
    ~2.5"/year and 5-7 lbs/year
  25. milestones of 6-12 years?
    • sports and activities
    • same-sex friends >> BFF!
    • develop conscience
    • should be able to read
  26. should have all 32 permanent teeth by what age?
    12 years
  27. sex ed for 8-9 years?
    basic anat/phys. expected changes for puberty
  28. sex ed for 10-12 years?
    menstruation/nocturnal emissions, begin to introduce sex education such as STDs, teen pregnancy
  29. Erikson's theory > what type of development?
  30. Piaget > what type of development?
    Cognitive.  how they learn
  31. Freud > what type of development?
  32. Kohlberg > what type of development?  parallels who else's?
    Moral.  parallels Piaget's cognitive development
  33. autonomy vs. shame/doubt
    stranger & separation anxiety
    negativism (no! no! no!)

    what age group?
  34. egocentrism, magical thinking, animism
    piaget's preoperational stage
  35. freud: gender identity fully established by what age?
  36. freud's anal stage: how old?
    enter at 18 months
  37. kohlberg's development ages 1-3
    does not understand religion or morality. 
  38. school age child - Erikson's theory?
    industry vs. inferiority: success in personal/social tasks
  39. more flexible thinking, can perform mental operations, can take another person's perspective, mastering conservation
    school age child - Piaget
  40. what age does a child believe an act is wrong due to punishment?
    school age (7-12).  Kohlberg
  41. forming self-concept & identity, aware of body image, sexuality.  acquiring abstract reasoning
    adolescence - Erikson
  42.  older adolescents spiritual development?
    becoming more abstract.  figuring out own identity
  43. intiative vs guilt?
    Erikson - accomplishment of tasks and goals
  44. trust vs mistrust what age?
  45. autonomy vs shame & doubt what age?
  46. intiative vs guilt what age?
  47. industry vs inferiority what age?
    school age
  48. identity vs role confusion what age?
  49. child is toilet training. which stage of Erikson?
    autonomy vs shame/doubt
  50. initiative vs guilt...?
    Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success in this stage leads to a sense of purpose. Children who try to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in a sense of guilt. (preschool)
  51. industry vs inferiority...?
    entering school (new to the "industry"). ages 5 to 11.  gain a sense of pride, develop confidence in their skills
Card Set
n304 growth and development
growth and development