Ch. 13 Patient Assessment Flash Cards

  1. Define coagulate
    To form a clot to plug an opening in an injured blood vessel and stop bleeding.
  2. Define crepitus
    A grating or grinding sensation caused by fractured bone ends or joints rubbing together; also air bubbles under the skin that produce a crackling sound or crinkly feeling.
  3. What does DCAP-BTLS stand for?
    A mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for Deformities, Contusions, Abrasions, Punctures/Penetrations, Burns, Tenderness, Lacerations, and Swelling.
  4. What is a rapid secondary assessment?
    The part of the assessment process in which a detailed area-by-area exam is performed on patients whose problems cannot be readily identified or when more specific information is needed about problems identified in the focused history and physical exam
  5. What is a modified secondary assessment?
    The part of the assessment process in which the patient's major complaints or any problems that are immediately evident are further and more specifically evaluated.
  6. What is a general impression?
    The overall initial impression that determines the priority for patient care; based on the patient's surroundings, the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and the chief complaint.
  7. What is the golden hour?
    The time from injury to definitive care, during which treatment of shock or traumatic injuries should occur because survival potential is best.
  8. What is gaurding?
    Involuntary muscle contractions (spasm) of the abdominal wall, an effort to protect the inflamed abdomen.
  9. what is hypothermia?
    A condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95 degrees F (35 degrees C) after exposure to a cold environment.
  10. What is the initial/primary assessment?
    The part of the assessment process that helps you to identify any immediately or potentially life-threatening conditions so that you can initiate lifesaving care.
  11. What is measured to determine orientation of the patient?
    • memory of person (name)
    • place (current location)
    • time (current year, month, and approximate date)
    • event (what happened).
  12. What does palpate mean?
    Examine by touch.
  13. What is paradoxical motion?
    The motion of the chest wall section that is detached in a flail chest; the motion is exactly the opposite of normal motion during breathing (ie, in during inhalation, out during exhalation).
  14. What are rales?
    Crackling, rattling, breath sound that signals fluid in the air spaces of the lungs; also called crackles.
  15. What is ronchi?
    Coarse breath sounds heard in patients with chronic mucus in the airways.
  16. What is subcutaneous emphysema?
    A characteristic crackling sensation felt on palpation of the skin, caused by the presence of air in soft tissues.
Card Set
Ch. 13 Patient Assessment Flash Cards
Chapter 13 Flash Cards