Ch. 11 Baseline Vital Signs Flash Cards

  1. What is the conjunctiva?
    The delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the eye.
  2. What is cyanosis?
    Bluish color of the skin resulting from poor oxygenation of the circulating blood.
  3. What does it mean to be diaphoretic?
    Characterized by profuse sweating.
  4. What is diastolic pressure?
    The pressure that remains in the arteries during the relaxing phase of the heart's cycle (diastole) when the left ventricle is at rest.
  5. What is hypertension?
    Blood pressure that is higher than the normal range.
  6. What is hypotension?
    Blood pressure that is lower than the normal range.
  7. What is jaundice?
    A yellow skin or sclera color that is caused by liver disease or dysfunction.
  8. Define Labored Breathing.
    Breathing that requires visibly increased effort; characterized by grunting, stridor, and use of accessory muscles.
  9. What does OPQRST stand for?
    An abbreviation for key terms used in evaluating a patient's signs and symptoms: onset, provocation or palliation, quality, region/radiation, severity, and timing of pain.
  10. Define Perfusion.
    The flow of blood through body tissues and vessels.
  11. What is a pulse?
    The wave of pressure created as the heart contracts and forces blood out the left ventricle and into the major arteries.
  12. What is a pulse oximetry?
    An assessment tool that measures oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in the capillary beds.
  13. What does SAMPLE stand for?
    A brief history of a patient's condition to determine signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent past history, last oral intake, and events leading to the injury or illness.
  14. What is the Sclera?
    The white portion of the eye.
  15. What are signs?
    objective findings that can be seen, heard, felt, smelled, or measured
  16. Define spontaneous respirations
    Breathing in a patient that occurs with no assistance.
  17. Define stridor
    A harsh, high-pitched, barking inspiratory sound often heard in acute laryngeal (upper airway) obstruction.
  18. define symptoms
    Subjective findings that the patient feels but that can be identified only by the patient.
  19. Define Systolic pressure
    The increased pressure along an artery with each contraction (systole) of the ventricles.
  20. What is tachycardia?
    Rapid heart rhythm, more than 100 beats/min.
  21. What are vital signs?
    The key signs that are used to evaluate the patient's overall condition, including respirations, pulse, blood pressure, level of consciousness, and skin characteristics.
Card Set
Ch. 11 Baseline Vital Signs Flash Cards
Chapter 11 Flash Cards