"A rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a s tate, commanding what is right, and prohibiting what is wrong." (William Blackstone)
In civil law, who sues who?
Aggrived individuals (plantiff) sues another person (defendant).
How many purposes are there to sueing in civil law? And what are they?
There are two pursposes, they are compensation and detterence.
Functions of law
to maintain stability in the social, political, and economic system through dispute resolution, protection of property, and the preservation of the state, while simoltaneously permitting ordered change.
Laws and Morals
These are different but overlapping. Difference is that Law provides sanctions while morals do not.
Law and Justice
These are seperate and distict concepts. Justice is the fair, equitible and impartial treatment of competing intersests with due regard for the common good.
law creating rights and duties
rules for enforcing substanitve law
law dealing with the relationship between government and individuals
Law governing the relationships among individuals and legal entities
Law dealing with rights and duties, the violaiton of which consitiutes a wrong against an individual or other legal entity.
Law establishing duties that, if violated, constitute a wrong against the entire community.
fundamental law of a government establishing its powers and limitations.
Judicial Law - Common Law
body of law that developed by the courts that serves as precedent for determination of latter controversies.
Judicial Law - Equity
Body of law based upon principals distinct from common law and providing remedies not available at law.
statutes adopted by legislative bodies
Legislative - treaties
agreements between or among independent nations
Legislative - Executive Orders
laws issued by the President or by the governor of a state.
Created by administrative agencies in the form of rules, regulations, orders, and decisions to carry out the reglatory powers and dutites of those agencies.