Caring for the Adult Unit 3 Chapter Reviews

  1. Which of the following is the overall mission of the endocrine system?



    A.
  2. Hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary include which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
    a.       ADH
    b.      ACTH
    c.       GH
    d.      LH
    b, c, d
  3. A patient who has recently started treatment for acromegaly says, "I will be so glad to look like myself again!" Which of the following is the most appropriate response?



    B.
  4. After surgery to remove a pituitary adenoma, a patient complains of neck stiffness. Which of the following actions should you take?



    C.
  5. Patients with hypopituitarism who wish to have children must be treated with which of the following hormones? (Select all that apply.)
    a.       LH
    b.      Thyroid hormone
    c.       FSH
    d.      Prolactin
    a, c
  6. Which of the following is the main symptom of SIADH?



    D.
  7. To regulate drug dosages for the patient with DI, which of the following records must be maintained?



    D.
  8. Fluid and electrolyte imbalances associated with Addison disease include which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
    a.       Hyperkalemia
    b.      Hyponatremia
    c.       Hypervolemia
    d.      Metabolic alkalosis
    a, b
  9. A patient who is brought to the emergency department has BP 88/40 mm Hg; pulse 108 bpm, thready; and dry skin and mucous membranes. He is confused. A medical alert card in his wallet states that he takes drugs for Addison disease. You recognize the signs and symptoms of which of the following?



    D.
  10. Nursing care of the patient with Cushing syndrome should include which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
    a.       Apply moisturizers to dark, toughened areas of skin.
    b.      Protect the patient from visitors and other patients with infections.
    c.       Tell the patient that mood swings and irritability will lessen with treatment.
    d.      Encourage the patient to use salt liberally to offset excessive loss in the urine.
    a, c
  11. The primary function of thyroid hormones is to regulate?
    metabolism
  12. You are notified that a patient with severe hypothyroidism is being admitted to your nursing unit. Which of the following actions is (or are) appropriate? (Select all that apply.)



    A.
  13. Which of the following findings is (or are) most likely in a patient with severe hyperthyroidism? (Select all that apply.)
    a.       Respiratory rate of 12  breaths per minute
    b.      Heart rate of 120 bpm
    c.       BP of 160/90 mm Hg
    b, c
  14. You observe that a hyperthyroid patient has prominent, bulging eyeballs. The term used to describe this condition is                                             .
    exophthalmos
  15. A 6-week course of treatment with propylthiouracil (PTU) is prescribed for a patient who is scheduled for a thyroidectomy. The patient asks why she has to take this medication. Which of the following is the best response?



    C.
  16. In the immediate postoperative period after thyroidectomy, which of the following is the first priority?



    D.
  17. Which of the following is the purpose of measuring serum thyroglobulin in a patient who has had thyroid cancer?



    D.
  18. Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between PTH and serum calcium? (Select all that apply.)
    a.       The secretion of PTH increases when serum calcium is low.
    b.      Increased secretion of PTH causes the kidneys to retain calcium.
    a, b
  19. A patient had a parathyroid adenoma removed 2 days ago. She is now complaining of muscle cramps in her hands and feet. Which of the following should you suspect?



    C.
  20. Nursing implications in administering iodide solutions to a patient include which of the following?



    D.
Author
MarieRN
ID
174214
Card Set
Caring for the Adult Unit 3 Chapter Reviews
Description
Chapters 44 & 45
Updated