the scientfic study of behavior and mental processes in humans and animals that is tested through scientific research
how is psychology tested through?
gather info about the behavior being studied
why do people or animals act this way (hypothesis-theory)
by studying what we know we can predict future behavior
psychologist can influence future behavior
4 goals of psychology?
psych scientific method?
formulare a hypothesis
using research to solve a problem
known as father of modern psych
created first lab of psych
when was the first laboratory of psychology created?
wilhelm wundt's method?
a systematic way of reporting thoughts in a controlled situation
wundt's school of thought?
used introspection to map out basic thought structure
what was important about wundt's school of thought?
it was systematic
helped spread idea to others
father of psych in US
believed in functionalism
thinking, feeling, learning and remembering functions of the mind help us survive
**studies how we adapt to our environment
what did sir francis galton believe?
intellectual greatness ran in families because of heredity
*only studied the biographies of the well to do
**raised question of nature vs nature
perception is the sum of its parts
what does gestalt mean?
whole or shape
interested in the unconcious mind
school of throught - psychoanalysis
the unconsious mind contains primitive biological urges that influence behavior
behavior and dreams give insight into unconcious
what did freud create for each of his patients?
what are case studies?
the analysis of the thoughts, feelings, beliefs, experiences, behaviors or problems of an individual
who was the first to insist that psychology should only study observable measurable behavior?
john b watson
john b watson said that all behavior is a result of ?
the learning environment
what did BF Skinner come up with ?
the concept of behaviorism
said free will does not exist
what came about in opposition to psychoanalysis and behaviorism?
what is humanism?
believed people are unique and have to develop and meet their own potential in order to live a satisfying life
why is humanism unattainable?
because theres always a higher person
not everyones goal
what two people were associated with humanism?
which school of thought has a positive view point and why?
humanism because its individualized
all of our mental processes influence behavior
who studied children?
study the impact of biology on behavior
studies the influence of cultural and ethinic similarities and differences on behavior and social functioning
our culture influence the way we think, feel and behave