chapter 1

  1. the scientfic study of behavior and mental processes in humans and animals that is tested through scientific research
  2. how is psychology tested through?
    scientific research
  3. gather info about the behavior being studied
  4. why do people or animals act this way (hypothesis-theory)
  5. by studying what we know we can predict future behavior
  6. psychologist can influence future behavior
  7. 4 goals of psychology?
    • description
    • explain
    • predictions
    • influence/control
  8. psych scientific method?
    • identify question/problem
    • formulare a hypothesis
    • experiment
    • results
    • conclusions
    • theory
  9. basic science?
  10. applied science?
    using research to solve a problem
  11. cognitive?
  12. physiological?
  13. behavioral?
  14. William Wundt?
    • known as father of modern psych
    • created first lab of psych
  15. when was the first laboratory of psychology created?
  16. wilhelm wundt's method?
  17. introspection?
    a systematic way of reporting thoughts in a controlled situation
  18. wundt's school of thought?
  19. structuralism?
    used introspection to map out basic thought structure
  20. what was important about wundt's school of thought?
    • it was systematic
    • helped spread idea to others
  21. William james?
    • father of psych in US
    • believed in functionalism
  22. functionalism?
    • thinking, feeling, learning and remembering functions of the mind help us survive
    • **studies how we adapt to our environment
  23. what did sir francis galton believe?
    • intellectual greatness ran in families because of heredity
    • *only studied the biographies of the well to do
    • **raised question of nature vs nature
  24. Gestalt psychology?
    perception is the sum of its parts
  25. what does gestalt mean?
    whole or shape
  26. sigmund freud?
    • interested in the unconcious mind
    • school of throught - psychoanalysis
  27. psychoanalysis?
    • the unconsious mind contains primitive biological urges that influence behavior
    • behavior and dreams give insight into unconcious
  28. what did freud create for each of his patients?
    case studies
  29. what are case studies?
    the analysis of the thoughts, feelings, beliefs, experiences, behaviors or problems of an individual
  30. who was the first to insist that psychology should only study observable measurable behavior?
    john b watson
  31. john b watson said that all behavior is a result of ?
    the learning environment
  32. what did BF Skinner come up with ?
    the concept of behaviorism
  33. said free will does not exist
    • B.F. skinner
    • **total allusion
  34. what came about in opposition to psychoanalysis and behaviorism?
  35. what is humanism?
    believed people are unique and have to develop and meet their own potential in order to live a satisfying life
  36. why is humanism unattainable?
    • because theres always a higher person
    • not everyones goal
  37. what two people were associated with humanism?
    • carl rogers
    • abraham maslow
  38. which school of thought has a positive view point and why?
    humanism because its individualized
  39. cognitive psychology?
    all of our mental processes influence behavior
  40. who studied children?
    Jean Piaget
  41. biological psychology?
    study the impact of biology on behavior
  42. studies the influence of cultural and ethinic similarities and differences on behavior and social functioning
    sociocultural psychology
  43. our culture influence the way we think, feel and behave
    sociocultural psychology
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chapter 1