Injury & Death

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  1. What is the cause of death?
    The medical reason for the death

    Ex. GSW, stab wound, blunt force trauma
  2. Define death
    The permanent cessation of all vital function; the end of life
  3. What is the manner of death
    Based on the totality of circumstances
  4. What are the 5 manner of death
    • Homicide
    • Suicide
    • Accidental
    • Natural
    • Undetermined
  5. Define homicide
    Taking the life of another
  6. Justifiable homicide
    The killing of another in self-defense when faced with the danger of death or serious bodily injury
  7. Negligent homicide
    Homicide resulting in from the careless performance of legal or illegal act in which the danger of death if apparent
  8. Involuntary manslaughter
    Homicide in which there is no intention to kill or do grievous bodily harm
  9. Voluntary manslaughter
    • Act act of murder may be reduced to manslaughter because of extenuating
    • circumstances such as adequate provocation (arousing the heat of
    • passion)
  10. Felony murder
    murder that occurs during the commission of a dangerous felony
  11. Second degree murder
    murder that is not aggravated by any of the circumstances of fist degree murder
  12. First degree murder
    Murder that is willfull, deliberate, premeditated or that is committed during the course of another dangerous felony
  13. What are five ways to identify the victim at autopsy
    • Latent fingerprints
    • Dental records
    • DNA
    • Surgical procedures
    • Personal documents or recognition
  14. Algor  mortis
    The cooling of the body after death
  15. Liver mortis
    The setting of the blood to the lower extremities
  16. Rigor mortis
    The gradual onset of rigidity of the muscles
  17. What are the four phases of homicide
    • Antecedent phase
    • Homicide phase
    • Body disposal phase
    • Post offense behavior
  18. Lazarus syndrome
    An apparent belief of some ambulance crews that they somehow have the ability to raise the victim back to life
  19. Res gestae
    involuntary exclamations or excited utterances
  20. Stone's throw rule
    establishing the outer perimeter of the scene as far as you can throw a rock or stone
  21. Latent evidence
    Something hidden or not visible to the human eye
  22. What are the four ways to document the crime scene
    • videotape
    • photography
    • sketching
    • written notes
  23. What are the four general types of crime scene photographs
    • Overall
    • establishment
    • close up
    • close up with measuring device
  24. Establishment photographs
    Taken with attention to place a particular item of evidence into perspective with other items in the scene
  25. Close up photo with a measuring device should be taken at a ____ to the object
    90o angle
  26. Primary scene
    The location where the body is found
  27. The more obese the victim the _______ the heat loss will be
  28. Why does the abdomen of the corpse swell
    Because of the gases in the intestines
  29. What can cause the corona of the eye to be cloudy
    If the eye is open after death
  30. Bullet graze
    bullet just  hits the skin
  31. Body in water goes through skeletonization ______
    4x's faster
  32. NAME
    National association of medical examiners
  33. The medical examiner needs to be elected by
    the Governor
  34. What is the number one reason for accidental deaths
    Power tools
  35. HIRT
    Homicide investigation response team
  36. Terrasaw vs Berkley
    Requires to inform and warn the potential victim is someone admit to planning to harm them
  37. Secondary scenes
    • Vehicle used to transport the body
    • Location where the murder actually took place
  38. Asphyxia
    A lack of oxygen
  39. MOM
    • Motive
    • Opportunity
    • Means
  40. Motive
    The underlying cause behind the death of the victim
  41. What is an investigative plan
    Simply defined as a to do list
  42. Factual information
    • Basic facts that are essentially undisputed
    • Ex Age Sex Criminal history
  43. Subjective criteria
    Different aspects, circumstances or conditions of victims and their lives which may or may not have contributed to their victimization
  44. MO
    • Modus Operandi
    • Signature aspect of the offender
  45. What are the four major mechanisms of death
    • Blunt force
    • Sharp force
    • Fast force
    • Anoxia
  46. What are some types of blunt force trauma
    • Abrasions
    • Contusions
    • Lacerations
  47. Abrasions
    Superficial cutaneous injury resulting primarily in the damage to the epidermis
  48. Contusions
    Bruises that causes the rupture of blood vessels
  49. Red contusion
  50. Blue/Purple contusion
    1-4 hours
  51. Green contusion
    4-7 days
  52. Yellow contusion
    7-10 days
  53. Normal contusion
    14-21 days
  54. Laceration
    A tear resulting from blunt injuries that stretches the tissue until it splits
  55. Bridging
    Exposed blood vessels, nerves and other tissue
  56. SUID
    Sudden unexplained infant death
  57. What is SUID
    When the cause of death is not obvious prior to investigation
  58. SIDS
    Sudden infant death syndrome
  59. What is SIDS
    Used to refer to cases in which the cause of death cannot be determined even after investigation
  60. Gaping wound
    Incised wounds that cut across the lines of tension of the body
  61. Stab wound
    Deeper than it is wide
  62. Incised wound
    Is longer than it is deep
  63. What is a good distinction of hard contact gsw
    A classic stellate or star like appearance
  64. What are the four basic mechanisms of asphyxiation
    • Compression of the neck
    • Obstruction of the airway
    • Compression of the chest
    • Depletion or replacement
  65. What is another word for ligature strangulation
  66. What is another name for manual strangulation
  67. Yoking
    To compress the neck with an object or a forearm and pressure is applied
  68. What is a common distinction of  hanging
    An inverted v pattern on the neck
  69. Burking
    sitting on the chest of the victim
  70. What are two examples of Depletion or replacement
    • Carbon monoxide poisoning
    • Drowning
  71. Describe an interview
    Typically non confrontational and designed to illicit information in a free flowing exchange
  72. Describe an interrogation
    More direct, accusatory and the main goal is to obtain an admission of guilt
  73. Noncustodial interview
    To interview suspects or other persons of interest prior to arrest or taking them into custody
  74. Projection
    Allows the offender to excuse their own misconduct by projecting the blame on someone/something else
  75. Minimization
    Allows the detective or offender to minimize the criminal actions or guilt by playing down the seriousness of the crime
  76. Red herring
    Information or a lead that initially or on its face looks very promising causing the investigation to focus almost exclusively on that aspect which is subsequently determined to be false, inaccurate or otherwise a dead end
Card Set
Injury & Death
Injury & Death
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