Definition of Methodology
A system of methods used in a particular area of study or activity.
Role of a Targeting Officer
- To assist, advise, and provide recommendations to the commander and staff on all matters relating to the employment of target acquisition assets and the Army's targeting methodology.
- Synchronizes and coordinates the Army's targeting process, Joint Fires, and Information Operations at all echelons.
Steps of the Military Decision Making Process
- Receipt of mission.
- Mission analysis.
- COA development.
- COA analysis (wargaming).
- COA comparison.
- COA approval.
- Orders production.
Definition of Military Decision Making Process (MDMP)
"The military decision making process is an iterative planning methodology that integrates the activities of the commander, staff, subordinate headquarters, and other partners to understand the situation and mission; develop and compare courses of action; decide on a course of action that best accomplishes the mission; and produce an operation plan or order for execution."
Definition of Running Estimate
The continuous assessment of the current situation used to determine if the current operation is proceeding according to the commander's intent and if planned future operations are supportable.
Definition of Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield (IPB)
- A systematic process of analyzing and visualizing the portions of the mission variables of threat, terrain, weather, and civil considerations in a specific area of interest and for a specific mission.
- By applying intelligence preparation of the battlefield, commanders gain the information necessary to selectively apply and maximize operational effectiveness at critical points in time and space.
- 4 steps (D2ED)
- - DEFINE the operational environment
- - DESCRIBE the environmental effects
- - EVALUATE the threat
- - DETERMINE threat COAs
Definition of a Target
A geographical area, complex, or installation planned for capture or destruction by military forces. Targets include the wide array of mobile and stationary forces, equipment, capabilities, and functions that an enemy commander can use to conduct operations at any level -- strategic, operational, or tactical.
Definition of Targeting
The process of selecting and prioritizing targets and matching the appropriate response to them, considering operational requirements and capabilities.
- 4 principles
- - Achieve the commander's objectives
- - Create specific desired effects
- - It is a command function encompassing many disciplines
- - Achieves effects through lethal and non-lethal actions in a systematic manner
- High Payoff Target (HPT-F) - A target whose loss to the enemy will significantly contribute to the success of the friendly course of action.
- High Value Target (HVT-E) - Those assets that the Enemy Commander requires for successful completion of his mission.
- An HVT becomes an HPT with actionable intelligence.
- D3A: Decide, Detect, Deliver, Assess
- F2EAD: Find, Fix, Finish, Exploit, Analyze,and Disseminate
- F2T2EA: Find, Fix, Track, Target, Engage, Assess
- Most important
- Provides focus & sets priorities
- Relies on IPB
- Products: HTPL, TSS, AGM, ISR Plan
- S2 directs effort
- Accurate, Identifiable, Timely collection requirements
- Expressed as Priority Information Request (PIR) and Information Request (IR)
- Thorough vetting and validating
- Executes Attack Guidance & supports commander's battle plan
- Tactical & Technical Decisions
- - Tactical: Time, Effect, Weapon Systems, CDE
- - Technical: Who, Munitions,
- Determine effectiveness of force employmnet during military operations
- Continuous process
- BDA, Munitions effects assessment (MEA), Re-attack recommendation
- Measures of Effectiveness (MOE-RT): Are we doing the Right Thing?
- Measures of Performance (MOE-TR): Are we doing the Thing Right?
2 Target Categories
- Deliberate (Planned): Scheduled & On Call
- Dynamic (Targets of Opportunity): Unplanned & Unanticipated
Definition of Time Sensitive Targets
- Those targets requiring immediate response because they pose (or will soon pose) a danger to friendly forces or are highly lucrative, fleeting targets of opportunity.
- Attack is approved by Joint Force Commander
- Target Synch Matrix (TSM): Prioritized matrix of targets that should be acquired and attacked during the upcoming cycle or phase.
- High Payoff Target List (HPTL): A prioritized list of high-payoff targets by phase of the joint operation.
- Attack Guidance Matrix (AGM): Desired effects, when, and how targets should be attacked.
- Target Selection Standards (TSS): Accuracy requirements or other specific criteria that must be met before targets can be attacked.