Western Civilization Chapter 2 (Quiz 1)

  1. Minoan
    a civilization that lived on the island of Crete from 2800 to 1450 BCE
  2. Mycenaean
    a civilization on the Greek peninsula that reached it high point between 1400 & 1200 BCE
  3. Polis
    an ancient Greek city-state
  4. Acrololis
    the hill at the center of Athens on which the magnificant temples-including the Parthenon- that made the architecture of ancient Athens famous are built
  5. Agora
    in ancient Greece, the marketplace or place of public assembly
  6. Homer
    author of the Illiad and the Odyssey, and is revered as the greatest ancient Greek epic poet
  7. Illiad
    an epic poem by Homer poem set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek states, it tells if the battles & events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon & the warrior Achilles
  8. Odyssey
    an epic poem, a sequel to "Illiad", centers on the Greek hero Odyssey & his journey home after the fall of Troy
  9. Hubris
    excessive pride, which for the ancient Greeks brought punishment from the Gods
  10. Pan Hellenic
    of at relating to all the Greeks
  11. Olympics
    the modern revival of the ancient games he'd once every 4 years in a selected country
  12. Sprata
    a city in the southern Peloponaease in Greece, capital of Laconia
  13. Athens
    the capital of Greece, in the southern part of the country
  14. Persian War
    the Greco-Persian Wars were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire of Persia & city-states of the Hellenic world that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC
  15. Troy
    a city, both factual & legendary, located in northwest Anatolia in what in now Turkey, south of the southwest end of the Dardanelles/Hellespont & northwest of Mount Ida
  16. Gods
    the supernatural being conceived as the perfect & omnipotent and omniscient originator & ruler of the universe
  17. Phalanx
    an ancient Greek formation of foot soldiers carrying overlapping shields & long spears
  18. Aegean Sea
    an elorgated emembayment of the Meditterranean Sea located between the southern Balken & Anatolian peninsulas, i.e. between the mainlands of Greece & Turkey
  19. Crete
    the largest & most poulous of the Greek islands, the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, and one of the thirteen adminstrative regions of Greece
  20. Pericles 443 BC
    this was a period of Athenian political hegemony, economic growth & cultural flourishing
  21. Socrates
    ancient Athenian philosopher. As represented in the writings of his disciple Plato, he engage in dialogue w/ others in an attempt to reach understanding & ethical concepts by exposing & dispelling error (the Socratic methods). Charged with introducing strange Gods and corrupting the young, he committed suicide as required
  22. Plato
    Greek philosopher. A disiciple of Socrates & the teacher of Aristotle, he found the Academy in Athens. His theory of "ideas" or "forms" contrasts abstract entitles or universals with their objects or particulars in the material world. His philosophical writings are presented in the form of dialogues, & his political theories appeared in the Republic
  23. Aristotle
    Greek philosopher & scientist. A studentof Plato & tutor to Alexander the Great, he found school (the byceum) outside Athens. He is one of the most influential thinkers in the history of Western thought. His survivng works cover a vast range of subjects, including logic, ethics, metaphysics, politics, natural science & physics
  24. Alexander the Great
    was King of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. Born in Pelia in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, strecthing from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas. He was undefeated in battle & is considered one of history's most successful commanders
  25. Epicureanism
    a Hellenistic philosophy that held that the goal of life should be to live a life of pleasure regulated by moderation
  26. Stoic
    detachment from the material world & indifference to pain
  27. Oligarcy
    rule by a small group or by a particular social class- often wealthy middle class, as in ancient Greek or medieval European cities
  28. Code of Hammurabi
    a well-preserved Babylonian law code, dating back to about 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world
  29. Herodetus
    Greek historian. He was the first historian to collect materials sysematically & test their accuracy
  30. Thucydides
    Greek historian & author of History of the Peloponnesian War
  31. Polytheism
    the belief in or worship of more than one god
  32. Deism
    belief in the existence of a supreme being, spefically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe
  33. Athiest
    one who believe that God doesn't exist
  34. Agnostic
    a person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God or of anything beyond material phenomena
  35. Trinitarian
    a person that believes in the doctrine of the Trinity
  36. Trinity
    the Christian Godhead as one God in three persons: the Father, Son, Holy Spirit
  37. Golden Mean
    the ideal moderate position between two extremes
  38. Absoluticism
    A political theory holding that all power should be vested in one ruler or other authority.
  39. Helots
    medieval peasants from Ancient Sparta who were personally free, but bound to the land. They owed labor obligations as well as fees
  40. Strategoi
    generals in ancient Athens who eventually took a great deal of political power
  41. Doric
    one of three architectural systems developed by the Greeks to decorate their buildings. The Doric order may be recognized by it columns, which include a wide sihft with a plain capital on the top
  42. Ionic
    one of three architectural systems developed by the Greeks to decorate their buildings. The ionic order may be recognized by it's column, which are taller & thinner than the Doric columns & capped with scroll-shaped capitals
  43. Corinthian
    one of the three architectural systems developed by the Greeks to decorate their buildings. The Corinthians order is marked by the capitals of columns decorated with aconthus leaves
  44. Socratic Method
    the method of arriving at truth by questioning and disputation
  45. AreteĀ 
    manliness, courage, & excellence
  46. Hoplites
    ancient greek infantrymen equipped with large round shields & long thrusting spears
  47. Paleolithic
    of or pertaining to the period of human culture beginning with the earliest chipped stone tools, about 750, 000 years ago, until the beginning of the Mesolithic, about 15, 000 years ago
  48. Monotheism
    the existence of one god or in the oneness of god. This is a characteristic of Atenism, Bahai Faith, Christianity, Hinduuism, Islam, Judaism, Sabianism, Sikhism & Zoroastrianism
  49. Bronze Age
    a period characterized by the use of copper & it's alloy bronze as the chief hard materials in the manufacture of some implements & weapons
  50. Diaspora
    the dispersion of the Jews after the Babylonian conquest in the sixth century BCE. The term comes from the Greek word meaning "to scatter"
  51. Neolithic
    of or denoting a period of human culture beginning around 7000 BCE in the Middle East & laster elsewhere, characterized by the invention of farming & the making of technically advanced stone implements
Card Set
Western Civilization Chapter 2 (Quiz 1)
Western Civilization Chapter 2 (Quiz 1)