GI part 3 mouth and esophagus.txt

  1. Diseases of the mouth
    affect the ability to taste, chew, moisten and swallow food
  2. Cancers of the mouth
    most common form is squamous cell carcinoma
  3. Cancers of the mouth most commonly found on
    • floor of mouth
    • tongue
    • lower lip
  4. Major risk factors for cancers of the mouth
    • tobacco
    • alcohol
  5. Treatments for mouth cancers
    • surgery
    • radiation therapy
  6. Oral inflammation or stomatitis
    • widespread inflammation of mucous tissue of the mouth
    • may appear as patches, ulcers, redness, bleeding or necrosis
  7. Causes of stomatitis
    • local infections
    • systemic infections
  8. Treatments of stomatitis
    • increase water intake
    • rinse with salt water
    • proper oral hygiene
    • topical anesthetic
    • hydrogen peroxide with water or baking soda
    • topical or systemic glucocorticosteroids
  9. Diseases of the esophagus
    mainifests as dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
  10. Causes of dysphagia
    • conditions that weaken or damage the muscles and nerves for swallowing - cerebral palsy, Parkinson's, stroke or head injury
    • infection or irritation
    • cleft palate
  11. Cancer of the esophagus
    • occurs in men over the age of 60 and is almost always fatal
    • metastasizes via lymph vessels to lungs and liver
  12. Major risk factors of esophageal cancer
    • achalasia (difficulty swallowing from unrelaxed esophageal sphincter)
    • precancerous changes in cells of the esophagus (Barrett's esophagus)
    • radiation treatment to the chest or upper abdomen
  13. Main symptoms of esophageal cancer
    • vomiting
    • bad taste in mouth
    • bad breath
  14. Tests for esophageal cancer
    • endoscopy with biopsy
    • esophageal x-ray with barium swallow
    • CT and PET scans for staging
  15. Treatments for esophageal cancer
    • surgery
    • chemotherapy
    • radiation therapy
Card Set
GI part 3 mouth and esophagus.txt
GI part 3 mouth and esophagus