1. Mexico's official name is
    United States of Mexico
  2. Mexico once owned
    California, New Mexico, Arizonia, Colorado, Texas, Nevada, Utah
  3. Mexico is made up of 
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    Cholula- largest pyramid in the world
  5. When were humans first in Mexico
    14000 years ago
  6. Where does the name "Mexico" come from?
    Hernan Cortes' estate name in Spain
  7. When did corn get big enough to eat the cob/kernals
    3500 years ago
  8. What is the name of the first civilization in Mesoamerica
  9. Belief of Olmecs
    • Ball players were leaders,
    • Caiman/crocodile as earth monster,
    • Mouth of a earth monster = a cave
    • Jade and green = beginnning of time
  10. What happened 3500 years ago
    Villages and pyramids appear
  11. What happened around 850 AD
    Highland Maya collapsed
  12. The first civilization in Mesoamerica
    occurred in Veracruz, had cities, had pyramids
  13. Toltecs
    • The Aztecs were mercenaries for them,
    • They were Quetzalcoatl worshipers,
    • They traveled all the way into SW US,
    • Their capital was Tula
    • They were NOT descendants of Monte Alban
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    The cave and the person sitting in the cave. Combination symbolizes someone driving rights and powers from the underworld.
  15. The native peoples of Guatemala
    Are called Maya
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    These are Olmec City States
  17. Jaguar fighters fight for...
    Blood, the offering to the rain god
  18. Most of Mesoamerica is
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    The mountains, the terraces, pyramids, caves
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    Tenochtitlan, Aztec capital, Mexico City today, Basin of Mexico
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    • The answer is Venus (5 pointed star)
    • Tlaloc- god of rain so not represent,
    • Jaguars represent Quetzalcoatl,
    • Blood
  22. True or false. The Quetzalcoatl cult ends at collapse of Monte Alban and Teotihuacan.
    • False, it is present at tula, Chocucalo,...
    • Earliest Quetzalcoatl is teotihuacan not Olmec
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    Teotihuacan, because Aztec comes along the coast and stays at the coast with the one whole for sacrifices.
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    A dog showed Quetzalcoatl the corn
  25. The 5th sun story
    • A crippled god became the sun,
    • A dog was torn apart to become the earth,
    • Quetzalcoatl had 3 other siblings and was a child of the "Grandparents",
    • Quetzalcoatl and his brother alternated making and destroying the first 4 suns,
    • The gods sacrificed themselves at Teotihuacan
  26. Which is older? Chilies, corn, or villages
    Chilies are 9,000 years ago
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    They migrated into central Mexico from the Yucatan
  28. Which is older? Kingship, Chichen Itza, Mayan Empire
    • Kingship- oldest,
    • May empire- classic period,
    • Chichen Itza- post classic
  29. Which is older? Tula, El Mirador, Teotihuacan, Tenochtitlan, Tikal
    El Mirador
  30. Which is older? Caiman earth monster, Queztalcoatl
    Caimen earth monster
  31. Which is older? long count, 260-day calender
    260-day calender
  32. Pyramids were
    • They are hotels for deities and spirits, 
    • They are sustenance mountains,
    • They begin by 3000 years ago,
    • The oldest ones are in along the Gulf of Mexico
  33. Fertility, Earth , and Rain are associated with
    Jaguars and blood
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    Quetzalcoatl emerges form a temple in Tula, the correct answer would be Teotihuacan
  35. Teotihuacan...
    • Was multi-ethnic,
    • Was prepared before building began,
    • Was important 0AD to 650AD,
    • Was NOT the first city state
  36. The largest pyramid in the world is found at
    Cholula, 2nd largest is Teotihuacan
  37. Elements of Teotihuacan that the Aztecs incorporated
    • Speech scrolls and feet image for travel,
    • The eagle and the snake on a cactus,
    • Visiting the oracle at Teotihuacan,
    • Teotihuacan as the birthplace of their gods
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    Monte Alban's pyramid has a church on top of it. The correct location is Cholula
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    Teotihuacan was the first city state
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    Preclassic Maya
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    All of the above= beginning of 5th world, Q emerging from underworld, Q is Tlaloc
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    Mayan, you can see the glyphs and that it is very serious
  43. Quetzalcoatl is depicted as
    A jaguar
  44. Which city state never was abandoned? Cholula, Teotihuacan, Monte Alban, El Mirador, Tikal
    Cholula, is still the ritual capital of Mexico
  45. According to the Aztecs
    We are living in the 5th Sun
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    Long count
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    Tribute by town to the Aztec
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    • Aztec
    • Cartoonish,
    • Tortillas are central Mexico, Spanish introduced to central Mexico. Maya did make tortillas,
    • Married women hair-do,
    • Speech scroll Aztec,
    • Use of written Spanish would be Aztec
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    Rights to rule from underworld. Located in Tikal
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    Tlaloc, he is blue
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    Templo Mayor
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    Where the heart of Copil landed in a swamp
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    Aztecs via Teotihuacan
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    The chichimecs leave their Northen home
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    Totonacs drying vanilla beans
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    900 AD, by Toltecs in Tula
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    Totonac rite of the Voladores
  60. Characteristics of first civilization
    • Markets, 
    • Monumental architecture,
    • Army,
    • Writing,
    • Numerical system,
    • Social stratification,
    • Centralized leadership,
    • Cities
Card Set
Anthropology Unit 1 Test