CDIS 310 Notes

  1. clinical writing
    documenting what happens in a client session
  2. evidence based practice
    • goes beyond just this field
    • started in UK
    • know how to read and grade the literature
    • applying what the literature says to your practice
  3. clinical questions
    • dont have to know the answer
    • always asking questions when in the clinic
  4. results
    • the literature tends to publish only positive results
    • negative results can also be beneficial
  5. SOAP
    • subjective: observation
    • objective: what happened in the session
    • assessment: how did the client do?; "your impression"
    • plan: what's next?
  6. What are the components of a research paper?
    • abstract
    • introduction
    • method
    • results
    • discussion
  7. how to formulate your own question
    • pick a subject of interest
    • do some reading on the topic; pay attention to the end of the discussion section
    • find out what the issues/controversies are on your topic
    • what has been left out/not addressed?
  8. the format of the best research questions
    • quantitative question
    • ex: Does treatment X result in more word production that treatment Y?
  9. FINER (characteristics of a research question)
    • feasible: research must be possible
    • interesting: will vary by person
    • novel: there needs to be a next step in some topic
    • ethical: moral
    • relevant: related to CDIS
  10. independent variable
    the variable that gets manipulated
  11. dependent variable
    usually what gets measured as a result of the independent variable
  12. clinical questions
    • good clinicians are always forming hypotheses
    • ex: what is the next step in therapy?
    • ex: what test should we use with her?
    • ex: why did Johnny do so well in therapy today?
  13. where to find the independent and dependent variable of a study
    most questions give you a clue as to what the variables are
  14. null hypothesis
    • there will be no difference
    • goal of the investigator is to reject null hypothesis
  15. two types of research
    • basic/bench
    • clinical
  16. basic/bench research
    often physiologically base in a laboratory with animals
  17. clinical research
    with humans outside of the laboratory
  18. methods of research
    • descriptive
    • experimental
  19. descriptive research
    • systematic observations that may not be manipulating a variable
    • may lead to more controlled, experimental type of research
    • ex: critical review (systematic review, or meta-analysis)
  20. experimental research
    manipulates an independent variable while holding other variables constant
  21. types of study design
    • effectiveness research
    • efficacy research
  22. effectiveness research
    • take a group or individual and see if the variable you manipulated changed them in some way
    • "the real world"
  23. efficacy research
    • have an experimental and a control group with strict controls on the design
    • "the unreal world"
  24. individual vs. group studies
    • individual studies
    • - easier to control
    • - results hard to generalize to the population
    • group studies
    • - the larger the sample, the better the change of getting an estimate of the population
  25. population
    • all of the persons with a certain characteristic
    • use samples of the population for research
  26. normal distribution curve
    • bell shaped curve
    • represents sample/population
  27. ways of gathering data
    • retrospective research
    • prospective research
  28. retrospective research
    • gather data on variables of interest, and analyze it after it has aready been collected
    • may have missing data or incomplete data
    • may try to look for something that is not there
    • quick and easy
  29. prospective research
    • set the variables of interest, collect the data, and analyze it
    • complete data, therefore results more believable
    • takes time
Card Set
CDIS 310 Notes
CDIS 310 Notes