Surgical Compound Words.txt

  1. Appendectomy
    The root word Append means hang down; the suffix ectomy means surgical removal.  An appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix.
  2. Cholecystectomy
    The root word Chole means bile or gall.The root word cyst means bladder.  The suffix ectomy means to remove surgically.  Therefore, Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder.
  3. Cholangiography
    The root word Chol means bile or gall; the root word angio means vessel; the suffix ography means making a record.A cholangiography is a radiograph that shows the biliary tree and gallbladder. It is taken after contrast media is administered into the biliary tree orally, percutaneously, intravenously, or via an injection through the Ampulla of Vater.
  4. Choledochoscopy
    The root word Choledoch means common bile duct; the suffix oscopy means to look inside through a scope.  Therefore, Choledochoscopy is the visualization of the common bile duct using a scope.
  5. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
    Endoscopic means to look at through a scope; Retrogrademeans to go against the natural flow, the root words Cholmeans bile or gall, angio means vessel, pancreat means thepancreas, and the suffix ography means to make a record.Therefore Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatograpy (also known as ERCP) is aprocedure that inserts a catheter in a long endoscope in themouth, through the stomach, into the duodenum and then back into the common bile duct. Contrast media is injectedto visualize the biliary tree.
  6. Gastrotomy
    The root word Gastro means stomach; the suffix otomy means to cut into or make an opening.Therefore, Gastrotomy is a surgical incision into thestomach.
  7. Gynecology
    The root word Gyne means woman; the suffix ology means study of.  Therefore, Gynecology is the branch of medicine dealing with health care for women, especially the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive organs and breasts.
  8. Herniorraphy
    The root word Hernio means hernia; the suffix orraphy means to refashion or stabilize.  Therefore, Herniorraphy is the surgical repair of a hernia.
  9. Hysterectomy
    The root word Hystero means uterus; the suffix ectomy means to remove surgically.Therefore, a hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. A hysterectomy may be total (removing the body, fundus, and cervix of the uterus; often called "complete") or partial (removal of the uterine body but leaving the cervical stump, also called "supracervical").
  10. Hysteroscope
    The root word Hystero means uterus; the suffix oscopy means to look inside with a scope.  Therefore, a hysteroscope is a type of endoscope for direct visual examination of the cervical canal and uterine cavity.
  11. Laparotomy
    The root word laparo means abdomen; the suffix otomy means to cut into or make an opening.  Therefore, a laparotomy is a surgical incision into the abdominal cavity. This is performed to examine the abdominal organs and aid diagnosis.
  12. Pelviscopy
    The word pelvis refers to the organs within the pelvic cavity; the suffix scopy means to look into with a scope.  Therefore, Pelviscopy refers to a procedure used to examine and treat pelvic organs through a laparoscope.  Pelviscopy is used to treat ectopic pregnancies, ovarian cysts and tumors, endometriosis and pelvic adhesions.
  13. Percutaneous
    The prefix Per means through; the root word cut means skin; the suffix aneous means affecting.  Therefore, Percutaneous is a method of gaining access (through the skin) to the peritoneal cavity via a needle for the introduction of a catheter.
  14. Sphincterotomy
    The word sphincter means that which binds tightly; the suffix otomy means to cut into or make an opening.  Therefore, Sphincterotomy is a surgical procedure that involves cutting the muscle that closes a body opening or that constricts the opening between body passages.  It is commonly performed on the ampulla of vater (the opening of the common bile duct into the duodenum) to release an impacted gallstone.
Card Set
Surgical Compound Words.txt
Surgical Compound Words