Zoology Chapter 2

  1. What makes a bird a bird?
  2. Since birds have backbones what phylum are they in?
  3. Birds are in what class?
  4. Are birds warm-blooded or cold-blooded?
  5. What does cold-blooded mean?
    The animal's body temperature changes depending on the temperature outside.
  6. What is warm-blooded?
    An animal maintains a steady body temperature even if the air around them is freezing
  7. What is an ornithologist?
    a person who studies birds
  8. What are people who enjoy watching and studying birds called?
  9. What are the benefits of birds?
    They keep the insect populations from getting out of control and possibly prevent famines on earth.
  10. What are some things that birds eat?
    seeds, berries, fruit, insects, rodents, fish, worms
  11. What is a book called that helps us to identify birds?
    a field guide
  12. What is migrating?
    It is when birds travel to different places or habitats during different seasons
  13. Birds that may just travel through your city and stay only a day or two before heading north or south are called what?
    migrant or transient birds
  14. What are field marks?
    They are the little differences on a bird that help us to identify one bird from another.
  15. What is a wingbar?
    It is a strip of color that crosses across a birds wing horizontally
  16. What is a crest?
    It is a tuft of feathers on a birds crown
  17. What is the birds crown?
    It is the top of a bird's head
  18. What is a passerine?
    It is a perching bird.  Passerines are also songbirds.
  19. What special features do passerines have?
    They have feet that allow them to perch on branches, with three toes pointing forward and one toe pointing backwards. They can make songs.
  20. What are the names in order for the sizes of birds?
    • very small
    • sparrow-sized
    • robin-sized
    • pigeon-sizes
    • crow-sized
    • goose-sized
    • very large
  21. If you want to find a particular bird what is the first thing you should find out about that bird?
    It's habitat
  22. What is a syrinx?
    It is the bird's voice box
  23. If a bird has more muscles on it's syrinx will it be able to make more or less songs?
    more songs
  24. How do ornithologists classify birds?
    by their song
  25. What is a bird's song?
    a series of notes that have a pattern
  26. What is a bird's call?
    A short sound that a bird makes. not a series of sounds like a song.
  27. How do birds mark their territory?
    They will sing loudly
  28. Why do birds use their song?
    • To mark their territory
    • To find a mate
  29. What bird copies the songs of other birds?
    • The mocking bird
    • Mimus polyglottos
  30. When will a bird use it's call?
    To gather other birds together for feeding or migrating
  31. What is drumming?
    It is the continual rat-tat-tat-tat-tat that woodpeckers make tapping on trees, drainpipes, poles, tin roofs, or anything else that makes a loud noice to tell other birds this is his territory
  32. What is bird banding?
    When ornithologist place stainless tags on birds
  33. What is bird banding for?
    To track migration and populations
  34. Who was the first person to band a bird?
    King Henry IV of France banded his Peregrine Falcons
  35. Who was the first person we know of that used banding to study migration?
    John James Audubon
  36. How do banders catch birds for banding?
    they use nets.
Card Set
Zoology Chapter 2
Chapter 2 Zoology Apologia