1114 Key Terms

  1. acne
    a skin condition that affects the hair follicles and sebaceous glands
  2. acrochordons
    small, soft, raised lesions that are flesh colored or pigmented (skin tags)
  3. angiomas
    bright-red papules
  4. debridement
    removal of debris and necrotic tissue from a wound
  5. dermatitis
    one of several disorders referred to as eczema
  6. intertrigo
    inflammationof the skin where two surfaces touch (axillae, abdominal skin folds, andunderneath the breasts
  7. keratolytics
    topical drugs capable of dissolving keratin
  8. lentigo (lentigines)
    pigmented spots on sun-exposed areas: commonly called "liver spots"
  9. nevius (nevi)
  10. pemphigus
    a chronic autoimmune condition in which bullae (blisters) develop on the face,back, chest, groin and umbilicus
  11. pruritus
  12. psoriasis
    appearance of bright-red lesions that may be covered with silvery scales
  13. astigmatism
    irregularities in the cornea or lens
  14. cataract
    the lens becomes cloudy so that it is no longer transparent
  15. conjunctivitis
    an inflammation of the conjunctiva cause by microorganisms, allergy or chemical irritants
  16. cycloplegic
    agents that prevent accommodation
  17. ectropion
    a condition in which the lower lid drops and turns outward
  18. entropion
    a condition in which the lower lid turns inward
  19. enucleation
    Enucleation: removal of the eye
  20. hyperopia
  21. keratitis
    inflammation or infection, or both, of the cornea
  22. miotic
    agents that constrict the pupils
  23. mydriatic
    agents that dilate the pupils
  24. myopia
  25. presbyopia
    age-related farsightedness
  26. refraction
    light rays bending so that they focus on the retina
  27. scotomata
    blind spots
  28. tonometry
    measurement of pressure in the anterior chamber of the eye.
  29. cerumen
    ear wax
  30. dizziness
    a feeling of unsteadiness
  31. equilibrium
    the state of balance needed for walking, standing, and sitting
  32. otaliga
    pain in the ear
  33. otic
  34. ototoxic
    a drug can damage the eighth cranial nerve or the organs of hearing and balance
  35. presbycussis
    hearing loss associated with age
  36. tinnitus
    ringing in the ears
  37. tympanic membrane
    ear drum
  38. vertigo
    the sensation that one's body or the room is spinning
  39. aerosol
    dispense tiny droplets of water into the room
  40. allergen
    exposure to a substance that causes an allergic response
  41. coryza
    common cold
  42. decongestant
    agent that reduces swelling, especially the mucous membranes of the nose
  43. epistaxis
    nose bleed
  44. laryngectomy
    removal of the larynx
  45. laryngitis
    inflammation of the larynx
  46. polyps
    swollen masses of sinus or nasal mucosa and connective tissue that extend into the nasal passages.
  47. rhinitis
    hay fever
  48. sinusitis
    an inflammation of the sinuses, most often the maxillary and frontal sinuses
  49. tonsillitus
    inflammation of the tonsils and other lymphatic tissue in the throat
  50. macule
    distinct flat area with color different from surrounding tissue (freckle, petechiae, hypopigmentation)
  51. papule
    any raised, solid lesion with clearly defined margins; <1 cm in diameter (mole, wart)
  52. vesicle
    raised, fluid-filled cavity, <1 cm in diamter
  53. pustule
    raised, well-defined cavity that contains pus (acne, impetigo)
  54. patch
    macule >1 cm (vitiligo)
  55. plaque
    combined papules that form a raised area >1 cm in diameter (psoriasis)
  56. nodule
    raised, solid lesion >1 cm in diameter; may be hard or soft and may extend deeper into dermis than papule (fibroma, xanthoma)
  57. wheal
    superficial irregular swelling caused by fluid accumulation (allergic response, insect bite)
  58. tumor
    firm or soft lesion that extends deep into the dermis; may be firm or soft (lipoma, hemangioma)
  59. bulla
    thin-walled fluid-filled chamerb >1 cm in diameter (blister)
  60. crust
    thick, dried exudate remaining after vesicle rupture (impetigo, weeping eczematous dermatitis)
  61. scale
    dry or greasy skin flakes (psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, eczema)
  62. fissure
    distinct linear crack extending into dermis (cheilosis, tinea pedis)
  63. erosion
    shallow, superficial depression (impetigo, herpes zoster, or herpes simplex lesions after vesicles rupture)
  64. ulcer
    depression deeper than erosion, may bleed (pressure ulcer, chancre)
  65. excoriation
    abrasion caused by cratching (scratching with insect bites, scabies, dermatitis)
  66. nevus
    flat or raised, color darker than surrounding skin (mole)
  67. cyst
    fluid-filled cavity in dermis or subcutaneous tissue (sebaceous cyst)
  68. potassium hydorxide (KOH) examination
    used along with a culture to diagnose fungal infections of the skin, hair, and nails by studying a skin specimen
  69. Tzanck smear
    used to diagnose viral skin infections
  70. scabies scraping
    used to detect scabies (mites), eggs, or feces excreted by the mites.
  71. Wood's light examination
    uses a black light to assess for pigmentation changes and superficial skin infections in the vulva after a sexual assault.
  72. patch testing
    used to identify allergens. Irritant applied to skin and examined for reaction.
  73. biopsy
    the removal of tissue for microscopic examination
  74. otologist
    trained to diagnose types of hearing loss
  75. audiologist
    carries out tests to determine whether a hearing aid will help and identigires the best kind of hearing aid
  76. otolaryngologist
    a physician who specializes in diseases of the ears and throat
Card Set
1114 Key Terms
Chapter 50-53