Chap 1. Berman

  1. Fabiola
    Wealthy matron of 3rd-4th century Roman empire who converted to christianity and used wealth to provide houses of care and healing for poor, sick, and homeless
  2. Knights of Saint Lazarus (order of knights during Crusades)
    Brothers in arms provided nursing care for their sick/injured comrades; also built hospitals which set example for hospitals in Europe throughout this time; these knights specifically dedicated themselves to care of people w/ leprosy, syphilis, and chronic skin conds.
  3. Alexian Brothers
    Religious order of men in nursing during medieval times; organized care for victims of Black plague in the 14th century Germany
  4. 1836- Theodor Fliedner reinstitued Order of Deaconesses and opened small hosp. and training school...significance?
    Florence nightingale received her training here
  5. Florence Nighingale; time period?
    Crimean war in Great Britain (1854-1856); Was instated by british war dept. to care for sick/injured soldiers in military hosps.; set up sanitation practices (hand washing/clothes washing); Nightingale brought mortality rate from 42% to 2% in 6mo. at Barrack Hosp. in Turkey
  6. Harriet Tubman (1820-1913)
    Provided care/safety to slaves fleeing north on underground railroad during American civil war (1861-65)
  7. Sojourner Truth (1797-1883)
    Provided care/safety to slaves fleeing north on underground railroad during American civil war (1861-65)
  8. Mother biekerdyke and Clara Barton (1820-1912)
    Searched battlefieds/gave care to injured soldiers in military hosps.; Clara Barton - schoolteacher, volunteered as nurse during civil war, noted for her role in establishing red cross and linking with international red cross when congress ratified treaty of geneva
  9. Dorothea Dix (1802-1887)
    Provided nursing care during civil war and became union's superintendent of female nurses responsible for recruiting nurses and supervising the nsg care of all women nurses working in army hosps.
  10. Progress in healthcare occuring during WWI, in what area in particular?
    Surgery; anesthetic agents, inf. control, blood typing, prosthetics
  11. What was established as result of WWII nsg shortage?
    Cadet nurses corps; auxiliary healthcare workers also prominent at this time in form of LPN, aides, techs; medical specialties also arose at this time to meet needs of hospitalized clients
  12. During vietnam war, approx. 11000 american military women stationed in vietnam were nurses..
    went right after they graduated from nsg school, making them youngest group of medical personnel to serve in wartime
  13. Sairy Gamp (1896)
    Character in Charles Dickens book Chuzzlewit who cared for for sick by neglecting them, stealing, and physically abusing them
  14. Elizabeth Kenney
    Australian nurse, in WWII, contributed to fighting poliomyelitis
  15. Early 1990s, Tri-council for Nsg initiated national effort titled "Nurses of America" to improve image of Nsg
    American Association of Colleges of Nsg, American Nurses Association, American Organization of Nurse Executives, National League for Nsg)
  16. 2002- Johnson & Johnson corp. launched...?
    Campaign for nsg's future to promote nsg as a positive career choice
  17. Florence Nightingale (1820-1910)
    Lady with Lamp, primary efforts during Crimean war; first nurse to exert political pressure on govt.; considered first scientist theorist for her work (notes on nsg: what it is, and what it is not 1860/1969); passionate statistician; considered first nurse researcher
  18. Linda Richards (1841-1930)
    First African American professional nurse; graduated from New england for women/children in 1879; worked for acceptance of african americans in nsg and promotion of equality
  19. Mary Mahoney (1845-1926)
    First African American professional nurse; graduated from New england for women/children in 1879; worked for acceptance of african americans in nsg and promotion of equality
  20. Lillian Wald (1867-1940)
    Founder of public health nsg; Wald and Mary brewster were first to offer trained nsg services to poor in New York slumbs; established Henry Street Settlement and Visiting Nurse service
  21. Lavina L. Dock (1858-1956)
    Feminist, prolific writer, political activist, suffragette and friend of Wald; participated in protest movements for womens rights that resulted in the 1920 passage of 19th amendment of US constitution (women could vote); campaigned for legislation to allow nurses rather than physicians to control their profession; 1893 Dock, Mar adelaide Nutting, and Isabel Hampton Robb founded American Society of superintendents of training schools for nurses of the US (precursor for NLN)
  22. Margaret Higgins Sanger (1879-1966)
    public health nurse in NY; was imprisioned for opening first birth control info clinic in america and considered founder of planned parenthood
  23. Mary Breckinridge (1881-1965)
    Pioneer nurse, established Frontier Nsg service (FNS) in Leslie county Kentucky; started one of 1st midwifery training schools in US
  24. First school of nursing in university setting was established....?
    University of Minnesota in 1909
  25. ANCC
    American nurses credentialing center
  26. American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) tests models for a new category of nsg known as CNL or clinical nurse leader...
    CNL is masters degree prepared clinician who oversees care coordination of a distinct group of clients and actively provides direct client care in complex situations
  27. In 2004, AACN voted to establish DNP as level of education required to assume advanced practice roles such as nurse practitioner, clinical nurse specialist, nurse midwife, nurse anesthetist
    this requirement will become effective in 2015 and will eventually replace master's degree education for these roles
  28. Florence Nightingale defined nsg nearly 150 yrs ago as..; nightingale considered first nurse theorist
    the act of utilizing the environment of the pt. to assist him in his recovery
  29. 1971- Steve Miller, a nurse in Michigan, formed organization called me in nursing
  30. 1974- Luther Christman formed group of male nurses in Chicago
  31. Miller's and Christman's groups organized to form National Male Nurses assocation with focus of recruiting more men into nursing; in 1981 organization was changed to American Assembly for Men in Nsg (AAMN); focus has shifted to provide a forum for men in nsg to establish networking opportunities, identify mentors, and engage in professional issues; open to men and women
  32. Luther Christman-
    graduated from Pennsylvania Hosp. School of nsg for men in 1939; experienced much discrimination in nsg; eventually became first dean of a nsg school at vanderbilt university and first man nominated for president of ANA; first man elected to American Academy of nsg and first man inducted in to ANA's hall of fame for extrodinary contributions to nsg
  33. Nurse practice acts- legal acts for professional nsg practice that regulate nsg in the US; may differ in some jurisdictions but all have common purpose of protecting public
  34. National Student Nurses Association (NSNA)
    helps link nsg students with nursing leadership groups; exposes students nurses to issues impacting the nsg profession while promotion collegiality and leadership qualities
  35. Benner's Stages of Nsg Expertise
    Stage I-novice: no experience (nsg student); performance is limited, inflexible, and governed by context free rules and regulations rather than experience
    Stage II- advanced beginner: demonstrates marginally acceptable performance; recognizes meaningful aspects of real situation; has experienced enough real situations to make judgements about them
    Stage III- competent: has 2-3 years of experience; demonstrates organizational and planning abilities; differentiates important factors from less important aspects of care; coordinates multiple complex care demands
    Stage IV- proficient: has 3-5 yrs experience; perceives situations as wholes rather than terms of parts as in II; uses maxims as guides for what to consider in a situation; has holistic understanding of the client, which improves decision making; focuses on long term goals
    Stage V-expert: performance is fluid, flexible, and highly proficient; no longer requires rules, guidelines, or maxims to connect an understanding of the situation to appropiate action; deomnstrates highly skilled intuitive and analytic ability in new situations; is inclined to take a certain action b/c it felt right
  36. Diagnostic related groups (DRGS)
    classification system that establishes medicare reimbursement fees according to a client's medical diagnosis
  37. Patient self determination act (PSDA)
    requires that every competent adult be informed in writing on admission to a healthcare institution about his/her rights to accept or refuse medical care and to use advance directives
  38. National league for nursing accrediting commission (NLNAC) -
    Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE)
    Nurses for political action (NPA)-formed in 1971, arm of ANA in 1974 and changed to Nurses coalition for action in politics (N-CAP), changed again in 1986 to ANA-political action committee (ANA-PAC)
  39. ANA is national professional organization for nsg in US; founded in 1896; purpose to foster high standards of nsg practice and to promote the educational and professional advancement of nurses so that all people may have better nsg care
  40. ANA official newspaper is American Nurse and journal is American Nurse today; individuals participate in ANA by joining their state nurses association
  41. National league for nsg (NLN); formed in 1952; organization of individuals and agencies; objective to foster the development and improvement of all nsg services and nsg education; involves members that can be nonnurses, consumers, and nurses of all practice levels
  42. NLNAC, an independent body within NLN, provides voluntary accreditation for educational programs in nsg; NLN official journal is Nursing and Health care perspectives
  43. ICN (international council of nurses)- formed in 1899; federation of national nurses associations such as ANA, CNA; provides an organization through which member national associations can work together for the mission of representing nsg worldwide, advancing the profession, and influencing health policy; journal of ICN is International Nsg review
  44. NSNA (national student nurses association)- formed in 1953 and inc. in 1959; journal of NSNA is Imprint magazine
  45. International honor society:Sigma theta tau formed in 1922; purpose is professional; nurses who have minimum of bachelor's degree and have demonstrated achievement in nsg can apply for membership; the journal is Journal of Nsg Scholarship; newsletter is Reflections
  46. Voluntary accreditation of nsg edu. programs done through- NLNAC, and CCNE has also influenced nsg
    National league for nursing accrediting commission and commission on collegiate nsg education
  47. In-service edu.-
    specific type of CE program that is offered by an employer; designed to upgrade the knowledge or skills of employees as well as validate continuing competence in selected procedures and ares of practice
Card Set
Chap 1. Berman
Historical and contemporary nursing practice