American History

  1. The Seven Years' War in America was fought between:
    The British and the French
  2. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the Seven Years' War and gave Britain what land in America?
    All French land east of the Mississippi River and Canada
  3. True or False
    The general feeling in Britain, especially in Parliament was that the colonies was that the colonists ought to pay more taxes to pay for their own defense and help pay down Britains debt.
  4. In 1760, George III became King of England. What were his two priorities?
    Regain control of Parliament and the American Colonies
  5. One reason the American colonists were so reluctant to be governed by Parliament and George III was because for the 60 - 70 years, Britain had practiced ___________ toward the colonies.
    Benign Neglect
  6. What was the Proclamation of 1763?
    It forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachia Mountains, to end skirmishes between the colonists and the Indians
  7. Part of the problem with the 1764 Sugar Act was that the colonists felt it provided:
    Taxation without representation
  8. The 1765 Stamp Act taxed:
    All paper goods sold in the colonies
  9. Parliament argued that the colonies had "virtual representation," which meant what?
    Parliament would do what was best for the British Empire as a whole, including the colonies
  10. The American colonies reached to the various taxing acts by passing non-importation agreements, which meant that:
    They would quit buying all British goods, in order to hurt the British economy
  11. The Townshend Duties of 1767 taxed more items, including tea, from the British Empire for the primary purpose of:
    pay the royal governors and free them from the assemblies
  12. True or False
    There was a belief in the American colonies that the British wanted to enslave them.
  13. The first real "skirmish" between American colonists and British soldiers was in 1770 with the:
    Boston Massacre
  14. The Tea Act of 1773 gave the British East India Company a monopoly on selling tea to the American Colonies. Why was this a big deal to the colonists? (Three reasons)
    • 1) Tea was still taxed under the Townshend Duties
    • 2) They feared more monopolies might follow, resulting in their "enslavement"
    • 3) Many members of Parliament owned stock in the East India Company, and stood to make money off this legislation.
  15. In response to the Tea Act, a group of Boston men went out to a ship in Boston Harbour and tossed 45 tons of tea overboard. What was the parliament? (2 reasons)
    • 1) Puzzlement: why did the colonists not want to pay taxes, and ¬†why destroy private property
    • 2) Anger: How dare they destroy private property! They must be punished!
  16. Which Coercive (Intolerable) Act am I?
    Sent British Soldiers/Officers to England to stand for trial for capital crimes.
    Administrative of Justice Act
  17. Which Coercive (Intolerable) Act am I?
    Suspended the Royal Charter and Assembly
    Massachusetts Government Act
  18. Which Coercive (Intolerable) Act am I?
    Housed troops in private homes abd commandeered private buildings for troop housing
    Quartering Act
  19. Which Coercive (Intolerable) Act am I?
    Made Catholicism the official religion of Quebec and granted them land in the Ohio Valley.
    Quebec Act
  20. Which Coercive (Intolerable) Act am I?
    Closed the harbor until Boston paid for the destroyed tea
    Boston Port Bill
  21. True or False
    There was a widespread belief in the colonies that Parliament was the real evil in Britain, and that King George III knew nothing about how the colonies being treated.
  22. True or False
    The first Continental Congress was not ready to advocate for peace yet, and so first issued the Declaration of Rights and Grievances, they asked for peace and their rights.
  23. The march on Lexington and Concord by the British was an attempt to:
    To arrest Sam Adams and John Hancock and to sieze the arms and cannon of those two cities
Card Set
American History
Chapter 6