World Religion Vocab Test 1

  1. Absolute Truth
    A fact not open to opinion
  2. Competing Dualism
    Two distinct opposing forces; one good and one evil
  3. Complementary Dualism
    Two contrasting, but balancing forces
  4. Henotheism
    One superior God in the presence of lesser gods
  5. Humanism
    Any system of thought or action based on the natural dignity and ideal of man (seeing no need for the supernatural); similar to secularism
  6. Monism
    God is experienced, but not known, he is an impersonal and immanent force- God's essence and the world's are the same; reality is one united whole with no separate parts
  7. Mysticism
    Attempting to achieve direct experiences with the divine
  8. Pagan
    an attempt ot return to an earlier nature based religious movement
  9. Ritual
    When beliefs are enacted and made real through a ceremony
  10. Syncretism
    A combination of different forms of belief or practice
  11. Singular Monotheism
    Belief in one God, as in Islam and Judaism
  12. Trinaitarian Monotheism
    Belief in one God, as in Christianity
  13. Theism
    Belief in the existence of a god or gods
  14. Theology
    The study of the divine
  15. Vegans
    Very strict vegetarians usually belonging to religious groups, like Hinduism and Jainism. They will not consume animal products (like meat, dairy, eggs, or honey) or use any animal products (like wool, leather, or silk)
  16. Worldview
    A fairly complete and systematic interpretation of the universe and the human being's place in it
  17. Agnosticism
    The existence of God cannot be proven; don't know or not interested
  18. Atheism
    Denies the existence of God
  19. Canon
    A book or group of books accepted as authoritatve (standard teaching decreed by a ruling council)
  20. Dharma (Buddhism)
    The sum total of Buddhist teachings about how to view the world and how to live properly
  21. Divination
    Looking into the past or future to determine the cause of problems or the course for the future
  22. God is imminent
    When the sacred reality is not viewed as having personal attributes, but is more like an energy or mysterious power (as in Hinduism and Daoism). It can be in nature; it means "to remain within". God (or gods) lives withing the universe and is limited and may be seen in any aspect of the material world. Although union with an imminent supreme reality is what some may recognize with Brahman in Hinduism, it can be when a transcendent God chooses to limit himself in time and place to a person for a while
  23. Mantra
    A short word or brief phrase. which is often recited with each breath to help clear the mind of thought
  24. Mysticism
    To seek unity with a reality greater than oneself, sich as with God or nature (as in Daoism and some forms of Hinduism, Sufi Islam and Buddhism); to experience the god during prayers, a trance or vision, dancing, use of drugs or in religious ceremonies.
  25. Occult
    Secret, relating to the supernatural- its effects and the knowledge of the supernatural (ex. witchcraft, divining rods, voodoo dolls)
  26. Pantheism
    The view that the universe and God are identical. Pantheists do not believe in a personal god (basically pantheism is atheism, but nature is holy).
  27. Polytheism
    Belief in many gods
  28. Shaman 
    An intermediary between the visible, ordinary world and the "spirit" world (conducts rituals)
  29. Taboo
  30. God is transcedent
    When the divine being has a will and intelligence, has personal qualities, is powerful, is distinct from the universe, and is unlimited by the world and all ordinary reality (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam). A transcendent God is beyond ordinary limist, existing above and independently from other beings
  31. Transcendental Meditation
    The Hindu-based movement which promotes daily meditation to achieve health and happiness. Other elements include devotion to Krishna, a vegetarian diet, Indian clothes and diet
  32. Zen
    A primarily Japanese form of Buddhism that focuses on seated meditation
  33. Arhat
    In Theravada, a person who has practiced monastic disciplines and reach nirvana, the ideal
  34. Bodhisattva
    Enlightened being; in Mahayana, a person of deep compassion especially one who does not enter nirvana but is constantly reborn to help others; a heavenly being of compassion
  35. Koan
    In Chan and Zen Buddhism, a question that cannot be answered logically; a technique used to test consciousness and bring awakening
  36. Lama
    "superior one", title of honor given to (all) Tibetan Buddhist teacher/ monks
  37. Nirvana
    The release from suffering and rebirth that brings inner peace
  38. Samsara
    Constant rebirth and attendant suffering; the everyday world of change
  39. Stupa
    A shrine, usually in the shape of a dome, used to mark Buddhist relics or sacred sites
  40. Sutra
    A sacred text, especially one said to record the words of the Buddha Gautama
  41. Tathata
    "Thatness","thusness", "suchness"; the uniqueness of each changing moment of reality
  42. Tripitaka
    The three "baskets" or collections of Buddhist texts
  43. Atman
    deepest self, the divine reality; everything is God, I am God-- really Brahman)
  44. Ajiva
    Matter without soul or life
  45. Jina
    The Jain term for a perfected person who will not be reborn
  46. Jiva 
    Spirit, soul, which elivens matter (individual soul)
  47. Tirthankaras
    In Jainism, one of the twenty-four ideal human being of the past, Mahavira being the most recent
  48. Atman
    Individual almost equivilent to a soul
  49. Avatars
  50. Bhagavad Gita
    Divine song
  51. Caste system 
    • Priests
    • Warriors and rulers 
    • Skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
    • Unskilled workers
    • Outcasts, "Untouchables", "Children of God"
  52. Dharma (Hinduism)
    Social or Religious Duty
  53. Guru
    Spiritual teacher
  54. Hatha Yoga
    The spiritual discipline of physical postures and exercises
  55. Karma
    The moral law of cause and effect and the belief in karma is a belief that every action has an automatic moral consequence.
  56. Moksha
    The ultimate human goal; means freedom or liberation
  57. Upanishads
    Books after the four Vedas with express philosophical and religious ideas that arose in introspective and meditative traditions
  58. Are more gods worshipped in Folk Buddhism or in other forms of Buddhism
    Folk Buddhism
  59. Where do most Zoroastrians live?
    India and Iran
  60. Which religion has the least amount of adherents?
  61. Where did all major religions originate from?
  62. Name two of the three types of IR spirits that aren't tricksters
    • Ancestors
    • Heroes
    • Nature Spirits
  63. What is the main goal of people in IRs
    Gain Power
  64. Name the topics of many IR stories
    Creation and Tricksters
  65. What religion is the only religion with a Caste system
  66. What are the two religions that have no known individual founder(s)
    IR and Hinduism
  67. Ascetic
    reject material feelings, possessions and relationships
  68. Which religion is the most ascetic?
  69. Which group of religions rarely has any scriptures or books?
  70. Which religion has the most gods?
  71. Which religion believes in incarnations of their gods?
  72. What three principles do most Hindus believe in?
    • Reverence for the Vedas
    • Acceptance of the Caste System
    • People extend from Brahman
  73. What religion is the New Age movement closest to?
  74. What can Yoga be other than exercise?
  75. Where do most Hindus live?
  76. What country is Hinduism the state religion of?
  77. What are common symbols of many religions?
    • Water
    • Ashes
    • Fire
  78. What pair of principles are in all Indian Religions?
    Reincarnation and Karma
  79. Which two religions can be atheists?
    Buddhism and Jainism
  80. In the Hindu story of the blind men, what were the blind men describing?
    An elephant
  81. In what religion do male monks sometimes not wear clothes?
  82. What are the 3 E's in Buddhism for?
    The time periods in the life of Buddha
  83. What is the founder of Buddhism's name?
  84. Founder of Jainism:
  85. In which religion is suicide an honorable death?
  86. Which religion has the lowest view of women?
  87. Where is Vajrayana Buddhism mostly located?
  88. Which religion is know for using the phrase middle way or path?
  89. In the Eightfold path statements, what is the first word of each statement?
  90. What are the main books of Jainism
    Angust and Upangas
  91. Buddhism is the state religion of which country?
    Sri Lanka
  92. Which two religions believe in a 6th sense known as thought?
    Jainism and Buddhism
  93. The three main divisions of Buddhism are known as the greater, lesser, and diamond what?
  94. What is the end of the cycle of Karma known as?
Card Set
World Religion Vocab Test 1
General, IR, H, B, J, and Miscellaneous