1. What are the factors that contribute to the emergence of infectious diseases?
    • ecological/environmental changes
    • behavior
    • technology and industry
  2. Match the following.

    1. Small pox
    2. Chicken pox

    A. firm and deep pustules
    B. scarring
    C. distribution of lesions on trunk
    D. 7-17 days incubation period
    E. growth of eruptions are in different stages
    F. herpesvirus
    G. orthopoxvirus
    H. replication in cytoplasm
    I. varicella-zoster virus
    J. replication in the nucleus
    K. distributions on face, palms and soles
    L. soft and superficial pustules
    M. no scarring
    • 1. Small pox - A. firm and deep pustules, B. scarring, D. 7-17 days incubation period, G. orthopoxvirus, H. replication in cytoplasm, K. distributions on face, palms and soles 
    • 2. Chicken pox - C. distribution of lesions on trunk, E. growth of eruptions are in different stages, F. herpesvirus, I. varicella-zoster virus, J. replication in the nucleus, L. soft and superficial pustules, M. no scarring
  3. A woman brings her 7-year old son into your office with complaints of a fever, chills, and painful skin lesions. The young boy tells you that he was biten by their pet prairie dog a few days. The woman goes on to tell you that soon after the animal bite, her son began having these symptoms. Upon further examination, you notice that the lesions are spread over his face and palms, and appear to be synchronous in growth. What is the most likely diagnosis?

    C. Monkeypox
  4. A patient comes into your office presenting with a severe hemorrhagic fever. They tell you that they have just returned from a medical mission trip in Zaire, where they were exposed to many contaminated/dirty needles. The patient cannot remember if they were pricked by any of the needles. With no other symptoms, you decide to use diagnostic imaging to help solve the case. Upon examination of an abdominal CT scan, you find massive lesions in liver, spleen, and kidney. What is the most likely diagnosis?

    B. Ebola virus
  5. What virus is the causative agent for West Nile, dengue fever, yellow fever and hepatitis C?

    C. Flavivirus
  6. _____ are transmitted through arthropod vectors.
  7. A 32-year old woman brings her 4-year old daughter into your office and tells you that her daughter hasn't been feeling well and seems to be having difficulty breathing. The young girl has a fever, headache, a cough and is sweating perfusely. Her mother also tells you that her daughter has been having bouts of N/V/D and abdominal pain. The mother has been having similar symptoms, as well. She goes on to tell you that she thinks it has something to do with these "pesky mice" that her and her husband have been trying to get rid of for the past few months. She says, "those nasty little things carry so many germs, I wouldn't be surprised!" She asks you if you know of any good exterminators in the area, you give a number to call. You have an idea of what could be causing this illness, but you need a RT-PCR to confirm. The genes of what virus are likely to be found?

    D. Hantavirus
  8. Match the following.

    1. seasonal flu
    2. pandemic flu

    A. healthy people are at risk
    B. vaccines not available in early stages of outbreak
    C. outbreaks follow predictable seasonal patterns
    D. the very young and elderly are the ones mainly at an increased risk
    E. mortality rate is high
    F. little or no-preexisting immunity
    • 1. seasonal flu - C. outbreaks follow predictable seasonal patterns, D. the very young and elderly are the ones mainly at an increased risk
    • 2. pandemic flu - A. healthy people are at risk, B. vaccines not available in early stages of outbreak, E. mortality rate is high, F. little or no-preexisting immunity
  9. True or false. There is no specific treatment for SARS at this time.
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