History Final MONDAY

  1. Treaty of Gaudalupe Hidalgo(1848)
    • Negotiated by Nicholas Trist.
    • Officially ended the Mexican War.
    • Gave U.S. control of Utah, Nevada, Cali, western Colorado, parts of Arizona & New Mex.
    • Set Mexican-American border at Rio Grande River.
  2. Trail of Tears
    • Forced removal of the Cherokee nation from Georgia to Oklahoma in 1838.
    • They were forced to walk more than 1000 miles.
  3. The whigs
    British political party
  4. The 48ers
    • German immigrants who came to U.S. in 1848 after a failed revolution in Germany.
    • Unlike Irish, They were educated and often financially well off.
  5. Seminole Revolt
    • One of the largest slave revolts in American History.
    • Seminoles and freed blacks attached at least 12 white-owned sugar plantations.
  6. Second Great Awakening
    • Protestant religious revival that began in the west.
    • Moved to NE and South.
    • 1790s-1840s.
  7. Panic of 1819
    • Cause = global demand for american agriculturalproduction plummeted.
    • It deeply affected the average farmer.
  8. Nullifaction
    assertion that the united states was made up of independent and sovereign states: states that did not agree to give up their autonomy
  9. Corrupt Bargain
    alleged deal between Adams and Clay to manipulate the voting in the House of Represetaitves to manipualate the voting in the House of Representatives to install Adams as president.
  10. Indian Removal Act of 1830
    Legislation that allowed the federal government to trade land west of Mississippi River for land east of the river.
  11. Nativism
    political identity that defined the American as someone with an English background who was born in the US; supporters formulated a racial and ethic identity that proclaimed the superiority of their group.
  12. Uncles toms Cabin
    Antislavery novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852
  13. gang /task system
    work arrangement under which slaves were assigened a specific set of tasks to accomplish each day
  14. Underground Railroad
    Network of men adn women both white and black who were opposed to slaver sheltered runaway slaves
  15. Fort Laramie Treaty
    Agreement of 1851 between Plains Indian tribes and the US government; the governement agreed to make cash resitution for disruptions to the buffalo grounds while tribal leaders agreed not to attack the large number of settlers moving though the area
  16. Liberty party
    Political party create by northern antislavery activists who left the Whig Party they were outraged at Henry Clays reversing his position against annexation of Texas
  17. Buchanan Pakenham Treaty
    1846 Agreement between the United States and Britain, agreeing on the 49th parallel as the border between the US and Canda giving the US uncontested access to the Pacific
  18. Manifest Destiny
    Idea that America was destined by God to possess North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific phrase coined by John O Sullivan in 1845
  19. Free Soil Party
    political movement started by disaffected anti south democrats headed by former Democratic president Martin Van Buren; wanted new lands available
  20. Compromise of 1850
    Five part bill proposed by Henry Clay, which outlined specific arrangements that accommodated by both anti-slavery northerners and slaveowning southerners
  21. kansas Nebraska Act
    1854 act that created two territories, Kansas and Nebraska and left the status of slavery in each territory open to be decided of those who settled there
  22. Know Nothing Party
    American Party a new political party of the 1850s that built its base of support on anti immigrant and anit catholic sentiment
  23. Lecompton Act
    1857 state constitution that made slavery legal in Kansas subsequently defested in 1858
  24. 20 Negro law
    Exemption from Confederate military service granted to wealthy landholders who owned twenty of more slavesl designed to keep the planters producing their valuabele cotton yield
  25. Confiscation Act
    Legislation that officially declared that any slaves used for military purposes would be freed if they came into Union hands
  26. panic of 1819
    • global demand for american agricultural production plummeted in part because of europes recovery after napoleanic wars.
    • farmers suffered
  27. John Brown
    raided the federal arsenal ferry in NW Virgina, no slaves joined him.
  28. Ostend Manifesto
    • after compromise of 1850
    • esnyrf yo buy CUba from spain, but insteade invaded and failed.
  29. Dred scott
    moved his master to Illonis and Wisconsin both free stated he movedback to Missouri arrised his freedom , Supreme COurt
  30. Battle of gettysburg
    Lees army of northern Virginia had invaded Pennsylvania and had comme close to taking harrisburg. Epic battles of Civil war, turning point of the war

    (picketts charge)
  31. anaconda strategy
  32. Emanicpation Proclamation
    all slaves within rebel territory would b e freed on Jan 1 1863 unless the southern states returned to the union.
Card Set
History Final MONDAY