Test 1 Bio 2.txt

  1. 1. In how many eras is the Phanerozoic divided?



    A. 3
  2. 2. Fossils cannot offer information on




    C. Internal organs
  3. 3. Species that __________ are more viable to be fossilized




    D. All of the above
  4. 4. How have geologist established the fossil record?




    A. By studying rocks and fossils at many different places
  5. 5. Why do prokaryotes show tremendous genetic diversity?




    A. Plenty of time for horizontal gene transfer and mutations
  6. 6. Any place where ____ cannot live some species of prokaryotes can be found.




    C. Eukaryotes
  7. 7. Bacteria are always ___ to their surroundings.




    A. Hypertonic
  8. 8. What two (2) large groups can bacteria be classified based on differences in their cell walls?




    C. Gram-positive & Gram-negative
  9. 9. All of the following are major factors that limit bacterial reproduction EXCEPT:




    A. Slow reproduction
  10. 10. The endospore can survive:





    D. All of the above
  11. 11. What is the most important part of all bacterial cell walls?




    C. Peptidoglycan
  12. 12. Some prokaryotes form ___ alliances.




    D. Cooperative
  13. 13. Domains Bacteria and Archea are different in all of the following ways EXCEPT:




    D. All of the above are correct
  14. 14. Archea can be found in what types of environment?




    A. Extremes in temperature, pressure, salinity
  15. 15. What photosynthetic bacteria produce oxygen during photosynthesis? Hint: it is believed to be the ancestor of the chloroplast.




    B. Cyanobacteria
  16. 16. What type of relationship occurs when two species live in association?




    B. Symbiosis
  17. 17. What organisms are included in kingdom Protista?




    D. All of the above
  18. 18. What is the common cause of diarrhea in campers and hikers?




    C. Giardia
  19. 19. This is an example of an opportunistic infection that causes itching and discharge.




    A. Trichchomonas vaginalis
  20. 20. These symbionts help termites digest wood.




    A. Trichomonas
  21. 21. This parasite is transmitted by the Tsetse fly and causes sleeping sickness.




    A. Trypanosoma
  22. 22. Kills fish, causing red tides and found in both fresh and salt water.




    A. Dinoflagellates
  23. 23. Uses for brown algae include which of the following?




    D. All of the above
  24. 24. Name this gelatinous substance found in red algae that has many commercial uses.



    A. Agar
  25. 25. This gelatinous is used as a thickener in many dairy products and salad dressings.



    A. Carrageenan
  26. 26. This is believed to be the ancestor of the true plants; they may be unicellular, colonial or multicellular.




    A. Green Algae
  27. 27. Name the largest living organism in the world that may be more than 2,500 years old.




    B. Fungi
  28. 28. Fungi include which of the following?

    a. Mushrooms
    b. Trufflesc. Stinkhorns
    d. Rusts
    e. All of the above (and more)
    e. All of the above (and more)
  29. 29. All of the following are true EXCEPT:




    C. They are not a vital component of every ecosystem
  30. 30. All of the following are multicellular EXCEPT:




    C. Yeast
  31. 31. What is a mass of tightly packed hypha growing out of a mycelium?




    C. Mushroom
  32. 32. The cells in hypha are always _____.

    a. Diploid
    b. Haploid
    b. Haploid
  33. 33. ________ fungi form mutualistic relationships with plant roots.




    A. Mycorrhizal
  34. 34. Yeasts reproduce asexually by ________.




    C. Budding
  35. 35. _______ are the earliest form of fungus because they have flagellated sperm.




    B. Chytrids
  36. 36. Name a tough capsule that protects the zygote.




    B. Zygosporangium
  37. 37. These are known as Club Fungi and form basidiospores inside club-shaped structures at the tips of their hyphae.




    D. Basidiomycetes
  38. 38. Name three major growth forms seen in lichens.




    A. Crustose, foiliose, fruticose
  39. 87. The earliest type of photosynthesis produced oxygen.

    a. True 
    b. False
    b. False
  40. 88. Prokaryotes are the oldest living organisms.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  41. 89. General features of Prokaryotes are important for identifying and understanding them.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  42. 90. The cell wall is not essential for survival.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  43. 91. Flagellae are used for stability in some bacteria

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  44. 92. Pili are extensions from the cell wall that are also used for adhesion to a substrate.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  45. 93. A capsule covers the cell wall of all bacteria.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  46. 94. Autoclaves cannot kill endospores.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  47. 95. Protists are not fungi, true plants, or animals.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  48. 96. Contractile vacuoles pump water out of the cell.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  49. 97. Brown algae are seaweeds.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  50. 98. Spirogyra is a green alga that forms short filaments.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  51. 99. Volvox is a colonial golden algae.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  52. 100. The cells in a hypha are always diploid.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  53. 101. Fungi have slow growth rates.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  54. 102. Fungi are typically either parasites or decomposers.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  55. 103. The imperfect fungi have been shown to have a sexual reproductive cycle.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  56. 104. A fungal infection is called mycosis.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  57. 105. Fungi may form mutualistic relationships with plants and animals.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  58. Frank Taylor
    • 1910, American Geologist
    • Suggested there where 2 great continents situated over the poles
  59. Eduard Seuss
    • 1909, Austrian Geologist
    • Suggest thatthere was dynamic movement in the earth crust
  60. Alfred Wegener
    • 1915, German Metreorologist
    • Father of plate tectonics
    • continent he name Pangaea
  61. Arthur Holmes
    • British Geologist
    • 1928 suggested convention cells deep within the earth
  62. Madagascar
    example of RELICT Population
  63. Pre-Darwiwinian Concepts
    Ancient Greek Philosopher suggested that life AROSE in the OCEANS 
  64. ARISTOTLE (350 B.C.)
    GREEK PHILOSOPHERS
    SUGGESTED THAT PERHAPS THERE WAS A SINGLE ACT OF CREATION AND, AS ARESULT, ALL LIFE  WAS FIXED AND IMMUTABLE
  65. BENOIT DE MAILLET
    • 1. 1715
    • 2. FRENCH DIPLOMAT
    • 3. SUGGESTED THAT THE EARTH HAD BEEN COLONIZED FROM OUTER SPACE
  66. BUFFON

    1.1707-1788

    FRENCH
    NATURALIST WHO SPENT MOST OF HIS LIFE WRITING A NATURAL HISTORY OF 44 VOLUMES
    • 1707-1788
    • FRENCH NATURALIST, SPENT MOST OF HIS LIFE WRITING A NATURAL HISTORY OF 44 VOLUMES
    • HE NOTED THAT "A YEAR IS TO GOD AS A THOUSAND YEARS TO MAN."
  67. GEORGES CUVIER (1769-1832)
    • FRENCH ZOOLOGIST AND PALEONTOLOGIST
    • USED COMPARATIVE ANATOMY TO CLASSIFYANIMALS
  68. WILLIAM STRATA SMITH (1769-1839)
    ENGINEER WHO DESIGNED CANALS AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS FOR MARSHLAND
  69. ERASMUS DARWIN
    • GRANDFATHER OF CHARLES DARWIN
    • PHYSICIAN AND NATURALIST
    • NOTED A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MORPHOLOGY ANDTHE ENVIRONMENT
  70. JEAN BAPTISTE LAMARCK
    • PROFESSOR OF ZOOLOGY
    • HEBELIEVED THAT ORGANISMS DEVELOPED NEW ORGANS AS THE NEED 
  71. ROBERT CHAMBERS
    PUBLISHED HIS WORKS JUST PRIOR TO THE PUBLICATIONS OF CHARLES DARWIN
  72. CHARLES DARWIN
    • AS A YOUNG MAN HE BELIEVED THAT ALL SPECIES WERE FIXED AN IMMUTABLE--JUST LIKE THEANCIENT GREEKS
    • Uncovered GNAWING ANIMALS
    • UNCOVERED MACRAUCHENIA
  73. Natural Selection
    Refers to those individuals who carry phenotypes
  74. Ecological Isolation
    occurs when populations display different BIOGEOGRAPHICAL preferences
  75. SPECIES
    TWO ORGANISMS ARE OF THE SAME SPECIES IF THEY CAN INTERBREED AND PRODUCESUCCESSFULLY FERTILE OFFSPRING
  76. Genus Name
    • Always capitalized
    • Italicised
    • Plural of genus is Genera
  77. John Ray
    Came up with the CONCEPT OF THE SPECIES
  78. 8 levels of Classification (Taxonomy)
    Grader GROUPI (UP)

    • Species
    • Genus
    • Family
    • Order
    • Class
    • Phylum
    • Kingdom
    • Domain
  79. 8 levels of Classification (Taxonomy)
    SPECIFIC (DOWN)

    • Domain
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  80. Fungi 4 groups
    • ZYGOMYCOTA
    • ASCOMYCOTA
    • BASIDIOMYCOTA
    • DEUTEROMYCOTA
    • CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA
  81. Fungi Move OUT
    Mutualism
  82. Fungi
    Must live in MOIST environments
  83. Fungi Composed
    Thin Filaments cells called HYPHAE or HYPHA
  84. Life CYCLE ZYGOMTCOTA
    • PROGAMETANGIA
    • GAMETANGIA
    • FUSED GAMETANGIA
    • SUSPENSOR CELLS
    • ZYGOSPORE
    • SEXUAL SPORANGIOPHORE
  85. FUNGI IMPERFECTI
    sexual reproduction hass never been observed under natural conditions
  86. Asexual Reproduction in Fungi
    • BUDDING
    • SPORANGIOPHORES
    • CONIDIOPHORES
  87. 2 Prokaryotic Domains
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
  88. Bacteria
    • e. COLI
    • ANABAENA
    • Oscillatoria
  89. Archae
    • Methanogens
    • Extreme Halophiles
    • Extreme Thermophiles
    • Extreme Acidophiles
  90. Bacteria and Archaea Differences
    Bacteria cell walls posses PEPTIDOGLYCAN and ARCHAEA Do not
Author
alexgaot
ID
171594
Card Set
Test 1 Bio 2.txt
Description
Test 1
Updated