Marcies Vocabulary 26

  1. Amino Acids
    Basic components of Protiens
  2. Aspiration
    A very serious condition in which food, water, gastric content, or other material enters the trechea and lungs. It is usually accidental such as when the patient "Swallows down the wrong tube" or accidentally inhales food or fluids. If you suspect that a patient has asperated inform the nurse promptly.
  3. Carbohydrates
    Energy food used by the body to produce heat and energy for work.
  4. Cellulose
    Basic substance of all plant foods which can supply the body with roughage.
  5. Clear Liquid Diet
    Diet of water and high-carbohydrate fluid given every 2 to 4 hours.
  6. Defecation
    Bowel movents that expels feces.
  7. Dehydration
    Increase water loss.
  8. Diaphoresis
    Profuse sweating.
  9. Digestion
    Process of converting food into a form that can be used by the body.
  10. Diuresis
    Increase in output of fluids by the kidneys.
  11. Dysphagia
    Difficulty swallowing foods and liquids.
  12. Edema
    Increase accumulation of fluid in the tissue.
  13. Enternal Feeding
    Giving nutrition through a tube inserted into the digestive tract.
  14. Essential Nutrients
    Food required for normal growth and development and to maintain health.
  15. Exchange List
    List of measured foods that allow equivalent exchange between foods within a designated food group.
  16. Excrete
    Elimiate waste from the body.
  17. Fats
    Nutrient used to store energy.
  18. Fluid Balance
    Balance between fluid intake and fluid output.
  19. Force Fluids
    Notion meaning that the patient must be encouraged to take as much fluids as possible.
  20. Full Liquid Diet
    Diet consisting of all types of all fluids.
  21. Gastrostomy Feeding
    Nutrition given through a tube inserted through the abdominal walls.
  22. Graduate
    Container marked for millimeters and used to meausre liquids.
  23. Hyperalimentation
    Technique in which high-density nutrients are introduced into the large vein.
  24. Intake and Output
    (I&O) record of the amount of fluid ingested and the amount fo fluid expelled by a patient.
  25. Intravenous infusion
    (IV) nurishment given through a sterile tube into a vein.
  26. Jeiunostomy Tube
    (J-Tube) a long small bore tube that is threaded through the GI tract until the tip reaches the small (nasajejunostomy), or surgically through an inceision in the abdominal skin. Used for providing external nutrition for patients who do not have a stomach and those whom recurred formula aspiritation is a problem.
  27. Mechanical Soft
    Diet that includes ground meats served to patients with no teeth, or those with serious dental problems.
  28. Mechanically Altered
    Diet in which the consistency and texture of food are modified, making it easier to chew and swallow.
  29. Minerals
    inorganic chemical compound found in nature. Many minerals are important in building body tissues and regulating body fluids.
  30. Nasogasteric Feeding
    (NG feeding) Nourshment given through a tube inserted through the nose into the stomach.
  31. Nurishments
    Substantial food items given to patients to increase nutrient intake, often planned and ordered by the facility dietition.
  32. Nutrients
    Nurishing substance or food.
  33. Nutrition
    Process by which the body uses food for grown and repair to maintain health.
  34. Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
    (PEG) A gasterostomy tube that is surgically placed by a physician by threading the tube through the mouth, then out an incision in the abdominal wall over the stomach.
  35. Protein
    Basic material of every body cell, an essential nutrient.
  36. Pureed Diet
    Diet in which foods are blended with gravy or liquid until they are the consistency of pudding.
  37. Push Fluids
    To encourage a patient to drink additional fluids.
  38. Soft Diet
    Intake consisting of low-residue, mildly flavored, easy digested food.
  39. Supplement
    To add
  40. Therapeutic Diet
    Treatment through specifically planned nutrition.
  41. Total Paranteral Nutrition
    (TPN) also called hyperlimentation. A complete IV solution containing proteins, carbohydratges, and fats given to a patient who cannot digets food normally and whose bowels need complete rest.
  42. Vitamins
    General term or various unrelated organic substances found in many foods in small amounts that are necessary for normal metabolic functioning of the body.
Card Set
Marcies Vocabulary 26
Vocabulary Chapter 26