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Brain injury begins withing _____ mintues without oxygen?
What is the medical term for the voice box?
What is the carina?
The point at which the trachea splits into the right and left mainstem bronchi.
What are the two layers that surround the lungs called?
The innermost covering of the lungs
Innermost covering of the lungs is called...
What is the space inbetween the pleura?
What is the name of the fluid in the pleural space?
What percentage does the diaphragm contribute to ventilation.
The passage of air into and out of the lungs is called ___
What are the components of atmospheric air?
List the amount of torr of the atmospheric gases in the air..
Nitrogen- 597 torr
Oxygen- 159 torr
Carbon Dioxide- .3 torr
Other Gases- 3.7 torr
What percentage does nitrogen take up in the air?
What percentage does oxygen take up in the air?
What percentage does carbon dioxide take up in the air?
What percentage do the other gases take up in the air?
What are the differences in pediatric airways..
1. greater proportion of soft tissues
2. Larynx more superior and anterior
3. Epiglottis rounder and floppier
4. Smaller jaw
5. Cricoid cartilage narrowest part of airway
6. Loosely attached mucous membrane
7. Tongue takes up larger portion of mouth
8. Head larger w/ smaller face
What are the 3 steps of airway management?
1. Position the airway
3. Insert an airway adjunct
What is the procedure for positioning a patients airway?
1. Place patient in supine position if possible
2. EMT should be at top of patients head
3. Position facial structures (head lift/chin lift, jaw thrust)
4. Assess need for suction
What are the two types of suction catheters?
1. Soft Catheter (French)
2. Rigid Catheter (Yankauer)