Pediatrics Test 01 Study Guide

  1. The most important nursing action to prevent infection in any patient is to:



    C.
  2. To best improve the care of a pregnant woman from a different cultural group, the nurse should:



    B.
  3. One way in which nurses may use statistics is to:



    D.
  4. Choose the best description of certified nurse-midwife (CNM) qualifications.



    C.
  5. The nursing process is best described as a method to:



    D.
  6. Choose the best description for a variance in a clinical pathway.



    B.
  7. A child must be able to sit before he can walk. This is an example of which directional pattern of development?



    D.
  8. One of the most accurate indicators of biologic age is:



    B.
  9. The nurse instructs the parent of an infant that dental caries are prevented through the administration of oral:



    C.
  10. Most children are able to feed themselves using a spoon by age.



    D.
  11. The theorist known for his work on moral development is:



    D.
  12. A current comic strip depicts a family in which parents, children and the children's grandfather live together. This is an example of a(n):



    C.
  13. Blood cholesterol below which level is considered acceptable in children and adolescents?



    A.
  14. Blood cholesterol below which level is considered acceptable in children and adolescents?



    C.
  15. An infant weight 7 pounds 11 ounces (3487 g) at birth. What would the nurse expect this infant to weigh at 12 months of age?



    D.
  16. Which statement would have the most positive outcome when the nurse is counseling adolescents on nutrition?



    B.
  17. Young children are playing with action figures in the hospital playroom. Closer observation reveals they are playing alongside one another, rather than interacting with each other. The nurse is observing:



    A.
  18. The nurse determines a parent needs additional teaching about nutrition when the parent states:



    A.
  19. The nurse would teach a parent to introduce solid foods to an infant at what age?



    C.
  20. What is the best nursing response to a parent who asks when her 3-month-old infant can switch from iron-fortified formula to milk?



    A.
  21. A 4-year-old child had a low score on the Denver II. The nurse understands that this finding indicates:



    A.
  22. Which statement made by a parent indicates an understanding about a child's dental health?



    B.
  23. The nurse is assessing the nutritional status of a 6-year-old child. Which finding suggests the child is well-nourished?



    A.
  24. The nurse should teach the mother of a 19-month-old which action(s) to recommend best oral care? Select all that apply.





    • A.
    • c
    • e
  25. True/False
    The Denver II is an intelligence test.
    False
  26. True/False
    A low score on the Denver II indicates that a child has a developmental delay.
    False
  27. True/False
    A dysfunctional family implies its members are not loving and caring.
    False
  28. The priority need in personality development during the first year is to acquire:



    B.
  29. The primary use of growth and development guidelines is to:



    B.
  30. Which developmental milestone is expected for the child's age?



    A.
  31. The mother of a 2-month-old is bringing her to the office for a routine checkup and immunizations. She says the baby cries quite a bit but she just lets her cry so she won't become "spoiled". As a nurse, the best response is to:



    B.
  32. The best position for a newborn to sleep is:



    D.
  33. If a parent wants to microwave formula before feeding, the nurse should:



    B.
  34. The primary focus of regular infant health care is to:



    D.
  35. A mother wants to know if she can keep leftover baby food in a jar. Choose the best nursing response.



    D.
  36. A formula often prescribed for the infant who cannot tolerate cow's milk formulas is based on:



    A.
  37. A nurse counsels a mother who is starting her baby on solid foods that she should wait how many days before introducing the next food?



    D.
  38. Social development that is common for the 2-month-old infant is:



    C.
  39. When bringing her 9-month-old baby in for a checkup, a new mother asks if she can feed the baby puréed fish. Since this is a low-fat food that is a staple in the family's diet. The best response of the nurse is:



    B.
  40. The parents should make safety preparations prior to the time of their infant crawls, usually about age:



    B.
  41. Which is the most important teaching about use of the microwave for heating infant food?



    D.
  42. A fruit that should be delayed until after the infant's first birthday is:



    B.
  43. Considering safety when choosing toys for a 5-month-old, one should assume that all of them will go into the baby's:



    A.
  44. Minor head lag when pulling a 1-month -old infant to the sitting position:



    C.
  45. A mother is concerned because her 1-year-old, who was 1 pounds (3178 g) at birth is "getting fat". The baby now weighs 21 pounds and all developmental milestones have been reached at appropriate ages. What should the nurse tell the mother about her baby's weight?



    B.
  46. The nurse can reassure parents that their infant's colic will probably not last beyond the age of:



    C.
  47. The baby can usually be offered finger foods such as toast or Zwieback crackers beginning at about age:



    A.
  48. A good initial method to deal with a 9-month-old infant who is attracted to a dangerous situation is to:



    B.
  49. A first-time mother is concerned because she believes her 18-month-old son is not growing properly. Assessment indicates that the little boy's height and weight are average for his age. How can the nurse best advise her?



    A.
  50. When helping a toddler choose clothing for the day, the best approach is to:



    B.
  51. The position that best facilitates adult-child conversation is:



    A.
  52. When teaching parents of the toddler about eating, the nurse should stress that the toddler:



    C.
  53. The mother of a 2-year-old asks the nurse whether she should begin toilet training now. The most appropriate nursing response is:



    A.
  54. Automobile child restraint devices should be used when the child:



    D.
  55. Select the toy that is most likely to injure a toddler.



    D.
  56. Which is the best description of a 2-year-old's speech and language ability?



    C.
  57. Choose the best description of physical changes during the toddler years.



    D.
  58. The nurse can help reduce accidental injuries to toddlers by:



    D.
  59. Select the assessment that should make a parent of health care provider suspect a communications disorder.



    D.
  60. When assessing a 2-year-old child hospitalized for minor day surgery, the nurse should expect that the pulse rate will be about what bpm?



    A.
  61. When buying shoes for their toddler, parents should choose those that provide:



    C.
  62. Choose the recommendation that best helps to promote safety for the toddler.



    C.
  63. A mother asks you what she should do about her 2-year-old child's temper tantrums. The best response is:



    A.
  64. True/False
    Hospitalized preschoolers may feel abandoned by their parents.
    True
  65. True/False
    It would be unusual for a preschooler to have enuresis during a hospitalization.
    False
  66. True/False
    Having the same nurses care for a hospitalized preschooler will lessen the stress of the experience for the child.
    True
  67. A preschool child falls off the swing and cries, "Bad swing! You made me fall!" This child's response is an example of:



    D.
  68. Choose the best example of egocentric thinking.



    A.
  69. The nurse would explain to parents that fears of preschool children are usually:



    D.
  70. When planning to read with a 5-year-old child, the nurse understands that favorite stories of preschool children are those that relate to their:



    C.
  71. A healthy preschool girl asks her parents it she will die. The best response is to tell her that:



    A.
  72. What is the most appropriate advice for the nurse to offer parents who are concerned about their preschooler's masturbation?



    C.
  73. One effective method of discipline for a preschool child is to:



    A.
  74. Choose the most effective way for parents to deal with a preschool child's jealousy of her new brother.



    B.
  75. A child who sucks his thumb is unlikely to have damage to the mouth if the thumb sucking stops before:



    B.
  76. Choose the most appropriate teaching for parents of a child with enuresis.



    B.
  77. According to Erikson, the developmental task of the preschool period is to achieve a sense of:



    B.
  78. Which is the best choice for a play activity for a 4-year-old child?



    D.
  79. Choose the approximate age when children begin playing games that have simple rules.



    D.
  80. Bedtime for the preschool child should include:



    D.
  81. A major cause of health problems in preschool children is:



    A.
  82. True/False
    Children with an allergy to animal dander should not have a pet.
    False
  83. True/False
    Children older than 7 years can be responsible for caring for a pet.
    True
  84. True/False
    Having a pet can foster a sense of responsibility and encourage socialization for a shy child.
    True
  85. The school-age child who has few experiences of success is likely to develop a sense of:



    D.
  86. Which best describes physical growth of the school-age child?



    B.
  87. Choose the normal characteristics of vital signs that the nurse should expect when assessing a 9-year-old girl.



    B.
  88. How would the nurse advise parents regarding a school-age child's questions about sex?



    A.
  89. The most significant physical development at age 6 years is:



    C.
  90. Worried and minor compulsions are more common at the age of:



    C.
  91. A preadolescent is more likely to accept her parents' decision if:



    D.
  92. Which statement made by a 10-year-old child indicates the need for teaching about living a healthy lifestyle?



    C.
  93. The preadolescent girl should have supplies for menstruation:



    D.
  94. A group of 8- and 9-year-old boys has formed a "club." The boys have a secret password and handshake before they meet. Parents should interpret this behavior as:



    B.
  95. A father is concerned because his 9-year-old son has developed the habit of wrinkling his nose unconsciously. The nurse should tell the father that his son:



    B.
  96. A school-age child has an adult "hero" of the same sex. What is the most appropriate interpretation of this behavior?



    B.
  97. Which statement characterizes the 8-year-old child?



    A.
  98. True/False
    Adolescents think everyone is looking at them.
    True
  99. True/False
    An adolescent's preoccupation with his or her appearance is normal behavior.
    True
  100. True/False
    Daydreaming is a warning sign of a mental health problem.
    False
  101. True/False
    An adolescent's cultural background can influence dating behavior.
    True
  102. True/False
    Sexual curiosity and masturbation are common among adolescents.
    True
  103. True/False
    Parents should answer an adolescent's questions about sex truthfully.
    True
  104. True/False
    Sexual experimentation with same-sex partners during adolescence is a predictor of homosexuality.
    False
  105. Younger adolescents often have an awkward appearance because:



    A.
  106. A person who does not establish an identifying during adolescence is more likely to:



    B.
  107. A parent can best help an adolescent make a wise decision by:



    D.
  108. Younger adolescents tend to be egocentric because they are:



    A.
  109. The adolescent's peer group helps him or her move away from:



    D.
  110. What is the best nursing response to a parent who is concerned about her 15-year-old's frequent daydreaming?



    B.
  111. An adolescent who adopts a strict vegetarian diet is at risk for a deficiency of which nutrient?



    A.
  112. Most accidents in adolescents occur when they:



    C.
  113. The nurse assessing an adolescent's physical development knows that the Tanner stages describe the:



    C.
  114. The major psychosocial task of adolescence is to develop a sense of:



    D.
  115. A parent is worried because her 14-year-old son seems to be constantly in the bathroom, shampooing and styling his hair. She worries that that her son may be homosexual because he is so concerned about his appearance. What is the most appropriate nursing response to the mother's concern?



    A.
  116. What is the best information for the nurse to include in a class for adolescents about healthy eating habits?



    D.
  117. What is the best food choice for an adolescent who just finished playing a game of field hockey?



    D.
Author
MarieRN
ID
171025
Card Set
Pediatrics Test 01 Study Guide
Description
Chapters 1, 15-20
Updated