Canine Aggression

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  1. How many different types of aggression exisit?
  2. What is a dogs aggression usually directed at?
  3. Which type of dog shows the most aggression?
    intact males
  4. Why kind of people are usually bit?
    • children
    • its the #1 kid health problem
  5. What is some advice we can give parents to help prevent their child from being bit?
    • teach children how to act around dogs
    • don't approach an unfamiliar dog
    • don't run from a dog or scream
    • if knocked over, roll into a ball or be still like a log
    • avoid direct eye contact
  6. Should you pet a dog without letting it sniff you first?
  7. How should you pet an unfamiliar dog?
    • below its head
    • putting your hand above a dogs head to pet it shows dominance and the dog may react
  8. Where do most dog bites occur?
    near the home
  9. What leads a dog to bite?
    • heredity
    • sex
    • early experience
    • socialization
    • training
    • health
    • reproductive status
    • quality of ownership
    • supervision
    • victim's behavior
  10. What kind of economic costs do people have with a dog bite?
    • medical bills
    • legal costs
    • counseling
    • pain and suffering
    • lost work time
    • homeowners insurance may be withheld for people who have a dog that bites others
  11. What are the different types of aggression?
    • dominance
    • fear induced
    • competitive
    • territorial
    • intermale
    • redirected
    • play
    • protect owner
    • learned
    • pain-induced
    • medical
    • predatory
    • maternal
    • interfemale
  12. What is very important when getting a history about aggression?
    who, what, when, where, how
  13. When is euthanasia likely to occur with aggression?
    • responds aggressively to benign dominance challenges
    • weighs > 18.2 kg
    • unpredictable attack
    • dog was purchased (owner feels like they bought the right to make the decision)
  14. At what age are intact males more likely to be dominance aggressive?
    18 - 24 months
  15. What are some common things that happen before a dog bites?
    • sudden, unprovoked attack
    • stares at owner
    • growls spontaneously
    • mounts legs
    • guards food, sleeping area
    • demands to be petted/let outside
    • food related aggression seen 
    • more aggressive if punished
    • blocks movement of family
    • resists submissive postures
    • glassy-eyed during attack
  16. What is the number one breed that is aggressive?
    springer spaniel
  17. What are some treatments for aggression?
    • castration
    • avoid aggressive situations
    • owner gradually dominates dog (obedience training, halter)
    • muzzle
    • behavior modifications
    • prevent dominant behavior
    • medication
    • low protein diet
  18. Why does a lowering a protein diet help with aggression and what needs to be added to the diet?
    • dogs usually get more protein than they need from their food which causes chemicals to be released that could make them aggressive
    • trytophan - amino acid that has a calming effect
  19. When is the prognosis poor for treating aggression?
    • if there is no change after 6 - 8 weeks of trying to fix aggression
    • large dog
    • dog with multiple attacks
    • hi risk family members
  20. What is fear induced aggression usually in response to?
  21. Is fear induced aggression seen in males or females, or both?
  22. What kind of postures of the dog do we see with fear induced aggression?
    fearful postures
  23. What will the dog usually do before fear biting?
    • snap
    • growl
    • attempt to escape
  24. Fear induced aggression is self reinforcing.  What does this mean?
    The person the aggression is directed at will usually back away which is exactly what the dog wants the person to do so that is its reward
  25. What usually causes fear induced aggression?
  26. What is the first thing we need to do when trying to treat fear induced aggression?
    identify stimulus
  27. When do we reward a dog who is fear aggressive?
    when the dog is able to tolerate the scare
  28. What are the three ways to treat fear induced aggression?
    • desensitization
    • counter conditioning
    • anti-anxiety drugs
  29. Will anti-anxiety drugs by themselves a treatment for fear induced aggression?
  30. When can we use desensitization and counter conditioning to treat fear induced aggression?
    when we can identify the specific stimulus and break it down
  31. What is predatory aggression usually directed at?
    animals and people
  32. Do we know when a dog has predatory aggression?
    we don't, they attack with no warning signs at all
  33. Fatal attacks are often _____ aggression.
  34. What usually happens to dogs with predatory aggression?
    often euthanized because of liability issues
  35. How can we prevent predatory aggression?
    socialization between 4 - 14 weeks of age
  36. How can we treat predatory aggression?
    • socialize (muzzle while doing this)
    • remote punishment (example - shock collar)
    • removing stimulus
  37. There is an increased risk of infant aggression if we see...
    • predatory aggression
    • aggression towards kids
    • aggression towards adults
  38. How can we prevent infant aggression before the baby arrives?
    • change dog to new schedule
    • allow dog to visit and explore nursery
    • expose dog to baby's diapers after baby is born and before it comes home
    • don't leave dog alone with the baby
  39. How do we prevent infant aggression after baby is born?
    • don't isolate the baby from the dog
    • don't dangle the baby in front of the dogs face because the dog may see the baby as a toy and not a person
  40. What dogs usually exhibit play aggression?
    puppies and young dogs
  41. How does play aggression start?
    starts as play and then escalates
  42. What are some signs of play aggression?
    • plays rough and growls
    • uses teeth to grab hands and legs
  43. How do we correct play aggression?
    • give negative mark immediately after aggressive playing
    • stop all rough play
    • obedience training
  44. When do we first see territorial aggression?
    in young adults
  45. What is territorial aggression directed towards?
    dogs or people (especially in uniform)
  46. Is the owner usually present during territorial aggression?
  47. Does territorial aggression have a good prognosis?
  48. What are ways we can treat territorial aggression?
    • remove stimulus
    • muzzle or confine
    • desensitization
    • counter conditioning
    • introduce to strangers
  49. What is the jolly routine?
    • part of counter conditioning to treat territorial aggression
    • getting the dog really excited to distract it from being aggressive
  50. Where do we often see pain induced aggression?
    in the vet hospital and during dog fights (fight increases due to pain)
  51. What is the common reason why kids get bit by dogs?
    pain induced aggression
  52. What age dog do we see more pain induced aggression?
  53. How can we treat pain induced aggression?
    • treat cause of pain
    • avoid escalating the pain
    • use drugs to relieve pain
    • educate owners
    • use proper restraint
    • avoid physical punishment
    • desensitization
    • counter conditioning
  54. Who is maternal aggression directed at?
    people, animals, their own puppies
  55. Maternal aggression can be seen in _____ and _____ pardum.
    • pre
    • post
  56. Can we see maternal aggression in false pregnancies?
  57. What does the mother guard during maternal aggression?
    toys and puppies
  58. Can maternal aggression be genetic?
  59. How can we prevent maternal aggression?
    • avoid too much aggression
    • minimize visitors early on
    • isolate whelping box
    • monitor nursing
    • reward good behavior
  60. What is learned aggression?
    attack trained by someone (police dogs)
  61. Should we treat learned aggression?
  62. How can learned aggression be dangerous?
    may break training and go after the wrong person
  63. How do we prevent anything going bad with learned aggression?
    • don't leave alone with family at home
    • muzzle before coming into the vet clinic or home
  64. What are some different types of medically related aggressions?
    • idiosynctratic
    • hormone imbalance
    • irritable
    • hypothyroidism
    • hydrocephalic
    • rabies
  65. Which medically related aggression is the most common?
  66. What is idiosyncratic medically related aggression?
    • unsure of the cause
    • sudden, unprovoked, rage
    • can be very dangerous
  67. What age do we usually see idiosyncratic aggression?
    1 - 3 years old
  68. Is idiosyncratic aggression easy to predict?
    no it is very hard to predict
  69. What part of the body is idiosyncratic usually directed at?
    the face
  70. What is usually the treatment for idiosyncratic aggression?
  71. What is irritable aggression?
    the dog is uncomfortable and painful
  72. What are some causes of irritable aggression?
    • disc disease
    • hip dysplasia
    • matted coat
  73. Who is irritable aggression often directed at?
  74. How can we treat irritable aggression?
    • pain relievers
    • train kids to respect the dog
  75. Is aggression due to hypothyroidism common?
  76. What breed of dog is usually aggressive due to hypothyroidism?
    cocker spaniel
  77. What is hydrocephalus and what causes aggression?
    • increased fluid in the brain
    • fluid pushes on brain and causes aggression
  78. What type of animal do we typically see rabies aggression?
    wild life
  79. What is redirected aggression?
    • dog is yelled at, punished, or thwarted in other aggression
    • the dog then attacks the nearest human/animal uninvolved
  80. How can we treat redirected aggression?
    avoiding the scenerio
  81. How can we prevent intermale aggression?
  82. What is usually the cause of intermale aggression?
  83. What is usually the cause of interfemale aggression?
    going into heat
  84. Besides intermale and interfemale aggression what is the other cause of interdog aggression?
    competitiveness - break down of hierarchy
  85. How can we treat interdog aggression?
    • keep dogs separate
    • find one of the dogs a new home
    • behavior modifications
    • medications may help with the aggressor dog
Card Set
Canine Aggression
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