Canine Behavior

  1. Were dogs the first domesticated animal?  How long ago were they domesticated?
    • yes
    • 12 - 15,000
  2. What did dogs decend from?
    Asian wolf
  3. What are three aspects of canine behavior?
    • social animals
    • carnivores
    • territorial
  4. Why do some people chose to get a pure bred dog over a mixed dog?
    some people get a specific bred for a specific purpose or because they want the dog to look a certain way
  5. When purchasing a dog, what do people need to be concerned about with size?
    • space in the home
    • exercise needs
    • local restrictions (some places you rent have size restrictions)
  6. Why do people need to take inconsideration the type hair when purchasing a dog?
    • if long hair, grooming will be required
    • shedding
    • climate (don't have a long haired dog in a hot environment and vice versa)
  7. Why should an owner take inconsideration the temperament of a certain bred before buying the dog?
    some breds are more excitable than others
  8. Where can owners go and who can they talk to about which dog bred is best for them?
    • breeders
    • dog shows
    • books
    • internet
  9. How many genetic disorders are there for dogs?
  10. What are different purposes for people getting a dog?
    • working dog (herding, retrieving, hunting, protection)
    • assistance dog
    • show or breeding
    • companion
  11. What are the different costs of getting a dog?
    • price of puppy
    • veterinary care
    • food
    • crate
    • fencing
    • obedience class
  12. What is the purpose of a crate?
    • refuge for a dog
    • keeps dogs under control
    • housebreaking (dogs don't usually use the bathroom in their crate)
  13. What should a crate NOT be used for?
    discipline...should not be puppy jail
  14. What aspects of a family affects the type of dog that would work best?
    • owner's age and energy level
    • owner's personality
    • other household members (are there kids?)
    • lifestyle of the owner (sedentary or hectic)
    • work schedule
    • future additions to family
  15. Where can you obtain a puppy?
    • humane society
    • breed rescue
    • reputable breeder
  16. What should people avoid when buying a puppy?
    pet shops and puppy mills
  17. What is the best age to obtain a puppy?
    7.5 - 8.5 weeks old
  18. It's okay to buy a dog older than 8.5 weeks as long as the breeder did what?
    socialized the dog
  19. What is the different between males and females?
    • males are larger, pee on plants, cheaper to neuter
    • females come into heat
  20. Why do breeders do temperament testing to puppies?
    • to be able to match a puppy to an appropriate home
    • educate the new owner about the puppy
  21. When do we start training a puppy?
    at 4 weeks old
  22. Why is it important to start training a puppy early?
    prevent behavior problems
  23. At what age do obedience classes usually let puppies start classes?  Should you start earlier at home?
    • 14 weeks
    • yes, at 4 weeks
  24. How do we housebreak a dog?
    • teach them where to go
    • take them out often
    • reward them when they go outside
    • use odor neutralizers if they have accidents inside
    • be consistent
  25. What happens when you put newspapers down in the house to house break?
    teaches the dog that it is okay to go inside
  26. What types of good manners need to be taught to a puppy?
    • settle down
    • come
    • sit
    • off
    • walk on a leash
    • stand
    • stay
  27. When you adopt an adult dog, what do they usually always have?
    behavior problems
  28. If a veterinary practice is trying to adopt out a dog, what do they need to be careful about?
    they are held to higher standards and need to be careful is adopting out an aggressive dog, even have the person adopting sign a form stating they understand the dog is aggressive
  29. What are the three different things dog use for communication?
    • visual
    • olfactory
    • auditory
  30. What are some visual cues dogs use to communicate?
    • pawing ground
    • feces
    • facial expressions
    • posture
  31. What are some olfactory ways dogs communicate?
    • urine/feces marking
    • sweat
    • pheromones
  32. What are some audible ways dogs communicate?
    • barking
    • growling
    • whining
    • ultrasonic sounds other dogs can hear
  33. Can extremes in behavioral traits be problematic?
  34. How are we able to determine the temperament of a puppy?
    response to stimuli
  35. What are the two different responses to stimuli and what do they mean?
    • excitability:  very responsive
    • inhibitability:  self control, more easily trained and aren't distracted by stimuli
  36. What are the two types of defense reflexes and what do the dogs do with each reflex?
    • active:  react to stress by biting, freezing, or running away
    • passive:  rarely bit
  37. Which defense reflexes are desired for protection dogs?
    active reflexes
  38. Is response to stimuli an inherited tendency?
  39. Are defense reflexes an inherited tendency?
  40. Do dogs have a hierarchy in their group?
  41. How is the hierarchy expressed in the group of dogs?
    visual and auditory cues
  42. Who must be the dominant leader of the pack?
    the owner
  43. What are the two positions in a hierachy?
    • 1 dominant
    • the rest are subordinant and accepts the leader
  44. What does a dominant dog look like?
    • direct eye contact
    • head up, hackles up
    • tail up
    • ears forward
    • biting, growling, mounting
    • body slamming
  45. What does a submissive dog look like?
    • looks away, head lowered
    • lips down
    • tail down, ears down and back
    • crouches, rolls over
    • may urinate small amount
    • nudges with its nose, whines
  46. What are the two different types of dogs socially?
    • attracted towards people
    • independent
  47. Are social behaviors inherited?
    yes, but can be greatly influenced by experiences
  48. All dogs should be neutered unless they are part of a _____.
    breeding program
  49. When should spays and neuters be done by?
    6 months old
  50. What is the tie?
    the penis swells up and attaches in the female, stays like this for 10 - 15 minutes
  51. What kind of ovulators are dogs?
    spontaneous ovulators
  52. How many stages of labor are there?
  53. What is normal behavior for mothers after having their puppies?
    • assist pup out of membrane
    • chew cord
    • lick pup clean
    • enable pup to nurse
    • manipulatae pup to nest
  54. What are the three stages of labor?
    • stage 1:  contractions
    • stage 2:  passing of puppies
    • stage 3:  passing of placenta
  55. What is the biggest death in puppies?
  56. When a puppy becomes hypothermic, what happens?
    it will not eat or nurse
  57. What is some poor nursing care mothers can exhibit?
    • not interested in pups
    • aggressive towards pups
    • accidentally injuries pups
  58. What are some medical problems a mother can have after having her babies?
    • insufficient milk supply
    • eclampsia (low calcium levels)
  59. What are the different stages of development?
    • neonatal stage
    • transition stage
    • socialization stage
    • juvenile period
    • adult
  60. How long is the neonatal stage?
    1 - 2 weeks
  61. Describe the neonatal stage?
    • reflex behaviors
    • rooting, righting (turning over on back and turning back over)
    • seek heat
    • sucking
    • anogenital stimulation
  62. What is anogenital stimulation?  How is this done?
    • stimulating the puppy to urinate and defecate
    • mother licks genital area of puppies or we can put a warm wet rags
  63. When is the transition stage?
    week 3
  64. What happens during the transition stage?
    • rapid sensory and motor maturation
    • puppy stands
    • follows mom
    • distress call if separated from group
    • can nurse standing up
  65. When does the socialization stage starts and how long does it last?
    week 4 - 14 weeks
  66. What happens during the socialization stage?
    • play behavior starts
    • bite inhibition (learns how to bite and what hurts)
    • hierarchy begins within the litter
    • bitch regurgitates to start weaning the puppies
    • carry objects
    • poop and pee away from the nest
  67. If eclampsia is going to be a problem with the mother, when does it usually happen and why?
    between 3 - 4 weeks because the puppies are getting bigger and need more milk...draining for the mother
  68. When do we start weaning the puppies?
    5 - 6 weeks
  69. When are puppies ready to go to their new home?
    7.5 - 8.5 weeks old
  70. What is very important when socializing puppies?
    to socialize them with different types of people and different ages
  71. When does fear imprint in the puppy?  What does that mean and how do we prevent it?
    • between 8 - 10 weeks
    • bad experiences within this time will stay with the puppy forever
    • socialize the puppy
  72. What is the most important about the first vet appointment?
    • usually at 6 weeks old which is when they are the most impressionable and the start of fear imprinting
    • it must be a good experience or they will be afraid of the vet forever
  73. Why do breeders do puppy aptitude tests?
    • see behavioral tendencies
    • help match puppy to new owner
  74. What is the puppy aptitude test?  When is it done?
    • series of manipulations to see puppies reaction
    • done around 7 weeks old
  75. What are the aspects of the puppy aptitude test?
    • social attraction
    • following - do they follow you when you walk away
    • restraint - how do they act to being restrained
    • social dominance
    • elevation dominance
    • retrieving
    • touch, sound, sight sensitivity
  76. How do we prevent problems with behavior?
    • have a housebreaking procedure
    • establish dominance over the dog
    • make sure the dog has proper socialization
    • train the puppy
  77. Does obedience training train the puppy?  What does it really do?
    • no
    • teaches the owner how to train the puppy
  78. Should the whole family be involved in obedience class?
    yes, even the children
  79. When is the juvenile period?
    between 4 months and 2 years old
  80. What happens during the juvenile period?
    • physical growth
    • learning what they can do and not do
    • sexual behavior may be seen
    • marking behavior develops
  81. When do dogs first go into heat?
    • small dogs:  6 - 8 months
    • large dogs:  12 - 14 months
  82. Can you teach an old dog new tricks?
    yes, do the same as you would for a puppy, it just takes longer
  83. Are behavior problems usually a problem for the dog?
    no, they are a problem for the owner
  84. What can behavior problems result in?
    getting rid of the dog or surrendering it over to the SPCA which usually results in euthanasia
  85. What are the ways to deal with problems with a dog?
    • tolerate
    • train
    • find a new home
    • euthanitize
  86. What type of behavior do people usually get help about?
    • aggression in all forms
    • inappropriate elimination
    • destructive behavior
    • unruliness
    • barking
    • phobia
  87. What is the number one problem that people get help for with their dogs
  88. What are the reasons why dogs are given up?
    • moving
    • landlord issues
    • cost
    • no timie
    • inadequate facilities
    • too many pets
    • pet illness
    • personal problems
    • biting
    • no homes for littermates
  89. Are behavior problems most common in dogs or cats?
  90. What are some specific behavior problems that causes people to give up their pet?
    • aggression
    • house soiling
    • destructive inside
    • escapes
    • too active
    • pesters to go out
    • chases people and cars
    • coprophagy
    • pica
    • destructive outside
    • wants too much attention
    • too vocal
    • not friendly
    • afraid
    • jumps on people
  91. Dogs are less likely to be given up if...
    • had regular veterinary care
    • sexually altered
    • participated in obedience training
Card Set
Canine Behavior