Sociology Test 1

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  1. Sociology
    the study of systematic or scientific study of human social life, groups, and society
  2. Society
    a group of people who share a culture and territory
  3. social location
    thecorners in live people occupy because of where they are located- sociologistslook at income, education, race, etc.
  4. sociological perspective
     Learning to think sociologically looking in other words at the broader view means culturally the imagination
  5. C.Wright Mills
    • -          Describes the one quality of mind that all great social analysts’ seem to process in common as the “sociological imagination” /
    • -   It is the ability to understand the intersection between biography and history or the interplay between the self and the world
  6. theory
    set of statements that explains why something occurs 
  7. emperical
    informationthat is based on observation , experiments or experiences
  8. Auguste Comte
    • -          Founding father of sociology  
    • -        1st to advocate using positivism to study social life (scientific method)
    • -          Advocate social reform
  9. Karl Marx
    • -          Class conflict is the engine of world history
    • -          Proletariat vs. the bourgeoisie (relationships to the means of productions)
    • -          Revolution classes society
  10. Emile Durkheim
    • -           1st  professor of sociology
    • -          Wanted to show how social forces affect people’s behavior
    • -          One of the most influential studies—suicide (women less likely /protestants more likely)
    • -          One of the main social factors—social integration -          Social facts: some things that can be observed
  11. Max Weber (1864-1920)
    • -          Sought to understand social change
    • -          Ideas and values affects social change
    • o   Religious ideas and values especially
    • -          Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism
  12. Harriet Martineau (1802-1876)
    • -          First woman sociologist
    • -          Translated Comte’s ‘Introduction to Positive Philosophy”
    • -          “Society in America”
    • -          Why is Martineau significant in sociology today?o   Focus on all aspects of society
    • o   Understands society as a whole
    • o   Understanding women’s lives
    • o   Turned a sociological eye on previously ignored issues
    • o   Emphasis on social reform
    • §   Try to change society in a way that is beneficial
  13. Jane Addams (1890-1935)
    -          First woman to win a noble peace prize-          Wrote about industrialization effecting immigrants and the poor-          Applied sociology-          Tried to address problems in communities that were the subject of her research-          Established Hull house-1889o   Chicago – Illinois campus
  14. W.E.B DuBois (1868-1963)
    • -          Notable pioneer in sociology of race relations
    • -          Groundbreaking research- history of the slave trade, post civil war reconstruction, problems of urban ghetto life, nature of black American history
    • -          First African American to get a PhD from Harvard University
    • -          Forerunner in the civil rights, black nationalism, and pan-American movements
  15. basic sociology
    analyzingsociety with the aim of gaining knowledge
  16. Applied sociology
    using sociology to solve problems 
  17. Theories
    abstract propositions of how things are as well as how they should be
  18. Social Theories
    guidingprinciples of abstract models that attempt to explain and predict the socialworld
  19. Structural Functionalism
    • a paradigm that begins with the assumption that society is unified whole that functions because of the contributions of its separate structures
    • -          Function to insure stability of society (order)Structure- social institution that is relatively stable over time and that meets the needs of society performing functions necessary to maintain social order and stability
  20. Tenets of Functionalism
    • -          Society is a stable ordered system of interrelated parts or structures
    • -          Each structure has a function that contributes to the continued stability of the whole
  21. Manifest function
    obvious, intended functions of a socialstructure
  22. Latent function
    less obvious perhaps unintended functions
  23. Social Conflict Theory
    Emphasizes social conflict as the basis ofsociety. The origins of conflict theory lie in the thinking of Karl Marx.
Card Set
Sociology Test 1
miami sociology 101
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