1. What is the Great Migration?
    when the Puritan non-seperatists left New England to form their own colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony
  2. What is the Virginia Company?
    the British charter to allow colonies, gave settlers the same rights as overseas
  3. What is the Church of England (Anglican Church)?
    the church that separated from the Roman Catholics (by King Henry VIII)
  4. conversion experience:
    the process to become part of the Puritan Congregational Church
  5. What was the flaw in Massachusetts Bay Colony's democracy?
    only men apart of the Congregational Church could be leaders
  6. Who were three people/groups kicked out of Massachusetts Bay Colony?
    • 1. Anne Hutchinson
    • 2. Roger Williams (formed Rhode Island)
    • 3. William Penn/Quakers (formed Pennsylvania)
  7. Why was the Halfway Covenant created?
    so non-converted Puritans could still be members of the Congregational Church (fear of "extinction")
  8. What are the Fundamental Orders? (1639)
    the "first constitution" (Connecticut) which said the power of the government is derived from its people
  9. What is the New England Confederation? (1643)
    formed by the colonies for protection against Native American threat
  10. What is the Dominion of New England? (1686)
    King James II's attempt at bringing colonies under stricter royal control
  11. What are the Navigation Laws?
    restricted trade with countries other than England
  12. What is unique about the Middle Colonies?
    they are the most diverse
  13. What is William Penn's "Holy Experiment"?
    being accepting of all
  14. What is the headright system?
    if you pay for the passage of one indentured servant, you get 50 acres of land
  15. Which colony was for Catholics?
    Maryland (formed by Lord Baltimore)
  16. What was Georgia's purpose?
    • to hold overflow debtors from London jails
    • to act as a buffer between Spanish Florida and South Carolina

    (formed by James Oglethorpe)
  17. What were two revolts against Native Americans in the colonial era?
    • Bacon's Rebellion
    • Pontiac's Rebellion
  18. stratification:
    the separation of social classes
  19. Who was the Triangular Trade between and who sent what where?
    • New England: sent manufactured goods to the Caribbean Islands
    • Caribbean Islands: sent rum to Africa
    • Africa: sent slaves to NE
  20. What were the 3 big impacts of the Great Awakening?
    • 1. 1st united cause/experience
    • 2. new faiths
    • 3. new/more education
  21. What are the 3 big results of the French and Indian War?
    • 1. French removed
    • 2. Britain becomes dominant colonial power
    • 3. statutory neglect ends
  22. What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?
    limit westward expansion
  23. Sugar Act:
    raises tax of sweets (higher than Molasses Act)
  24. Quartering Act:
    allows British soldiers to room and board in colonists' homes
  25. Stamp Act:
    DIRECT tax on paper goods; last straw of colonists
  26. Townshend Acts:
    harsh tax on some imports

    +writs of assistance: soldiers can search homes for smuggled goods
  27. What are the Coercive Acts and Quebec Acts also known as?
    Intolerable Acts
  28. What did the First Continental Congress want?
    • of colonists:
    • 1. to build up armies and organize boycotts

    • of Britain:
    • 1. the repeal of the Intolerable Acts
    • 2. for the king to recognize their Declaration of Rights

    -Parliament denied demands
  29. What was the purpose of the Second Continental Congress?
    (last chance) to avoid war- Olive Branch Petition
  30. What are the major battles of the Revolutionary War and who won?
    • Lexington&Concord: Continental Army (start of war)
    • Bunker Hill: British Army (but they suffered heavy casualties)
    • Saratoga: Continental Army (French join after)
    • Yorktown: Continental Army (end of war! Treaty of Paris follows)
  31. What could the US do under the Articles of Confederation?
    • 1. pass laws with 9/13 colonies approval
    • 2. amend laws with 13/13
    • 3. wage war
    • 4. make treaties
    • 5. borrow $ to pay debts
  32. What were the two successes of the Articles of Confederation?
    • 1. Land Ordinance (set aside land for schools)
    • 2. NW Ordinance (established guidelines for statehood and banned slavery above Ohio River)
  33. What was the result of Shay's Rebellion?
    the end of the Articles of Confederation
  34. Even though Britain promised to respect the U.S.'s new sovereignty, what were 3 things they did that showed otherwise?
    • 1. refused to repeal Navigation Acts
    • 2. armed Native Americans in west
    • 3. didn't remove troops along Mississippi River
  35. What is the Virginia Plan? What is the New Jersey Plan? What did the Great Compromise do to combine the two?
    • Virginia Plan: representation based on population
    • New Jersey Plan: equal representation
    • Great Compromise: House of Representatives= population; Senate= equal
  36. What is the difference between Federalists and Non-Federalists?
    • Federalists: in favor of Constitution and strong central government
    • Anti-Federalists: against of Constitution and strong central government
  37. What is funding at par?
    paying all debts at face value + interest
  38. What did the 13th Amendment do?
    abolish slavery!
  39. What does the 15th Amendment do?
    colored suffrage
  40. What does the 18th Amendment do?
    prohibition of alcohol (repealed by 21st Amendment)
  41. What does the 19th Amendment do?
    women's suffrage
  42. What are the Alien and Sedition Acts?
    • Alien: moved citizenship from 5 to 14 years
    • Sedition: prohibited talk about President/Congress members
  43. Missouri Compromise (1820): who and what?
    • Henry Clay
    • admitted Missouri as slave state and Maine as free
    • 36˚30' line
  44. What is the Monroe Doctrine?
    • nonintervention with Latin America
    • wanted end to European colonization
  45. What was the Know-Nothing Party's main dislike?
Card Set
AP US History