1. How do sensors work?
    They change visible light into electricity.
  2. Which would give the best resolution? CCD, CMOS, LBCAST, or FOVEON?
  3. Why is FOVEON a better choice than CCD or CMOS?
    It records all colors at every pixel.
  4. Do the individual pixels on the comera's sensor measure color values?
  5. Cameras record through filters what three colors?
    Blue, Red, and Green.
  6. What does "Lossy" mean?
    It looses pixels.
  7. A 1-megapixel camera can be expected to make pictures up to what size?
  8. What sensor type is most common in cameras?
  9. A 5/6 Megapixel camera makes images up to what size?
  10. What is the most common type of recording for photos that will be displayed and edited virtually?
  11. What recording format for photos is "lossy"?
  12. What is the advantage of a RAW file?
    You can correct exposure/color before transferring to a usable format
  13. Is a TIFF better for resolution than JPEG?
  14. Will a lens show the same image area on a digital camera and a 35mm camera?
  15. A standard lens for a 35mm camera has a focal length of 50mm. Would a standard lens for a typical digital SLR be longer or shorter?
  16. Why is TIFF better than JPEG?
    It maintains the original quality.
  17. What is a disadvantage of a compact digital camera compared to a SLR?
    It doesn't allow lens interchange.
  18. What is an advantage of a compact digital camera compared to a SLR?
    It is more compact in size.
  19. What mode should a scanner be in if your scanning art or photographs?
  20. What scanning mode is most common?
  21. What type of scanner is found only in high-end printing?
    Upright/Drum Scanner.
  22. What should your resolution be if scanning for a computer screen?
    72 ppi
  23. What should your resolution be if scanning for print?
    300 ppi
  24. Are PPI and DPI the same thing?
  25. How many bits per primary color is considered full color?
    8 bits
  26. How many total colors is contained in 24-bit color?
    16.8 million
  27. Which is fastest - USB 1.1, USB 2.0, or Firewire 4?
    USB 2.0
  28. What is the difference between Firewire and IEEE 1394?
    There is no difference.
  29. Do most people need scanners with at least 4800 ppi?
  30. What is preferred - CD-RW or CD-R?
  31. Should you use removable magnetic storage devices for long term use?
  32. When a photoshop image is reproduced on an inkjet printer is each pixel painted by several dots or each dot contains several pixels?
    Each pixel is painted by several dots.
  33. Inkjet printers output drops measured by what unit?
  34. One picoliter is what fraction of a leader?
    One millionth.
  35. The resolution of a typical printer starts at 720. What unit is this measurement?
  36. Which inks will not discolor over time?
    None of them.
  37. What paper type offers the most vibrant colors and greatest contrast?
  38. What printer applies dyes with a gas or vapor?
  39. Is an ink jet photo a continuous tone print?
  40. What is the best scanning mode for black and white negatives?
    Color Negative
  41. Should you scan at 600 ppi if you plan to make a picture larger than the scan?
  42. Batch Scanning A. Allows continuous scanning of negatives. B. Is more expensive C. Requires supervision
    A & B
  43. Will a histogram that stays within the graph (0-255) have good tones for shadows, midtones, and highlights?
  44. What includes more data - print or transparency?
  45. Does high resolution scanning take time and produce large files?
  46. Should you select the largest available print when scanning?
  47. Do imported images reside within the Bridge program?
  48. What do you see when you look at a file in Bridge?
    A thumbnail of the file enlarged
  49. Which file can not be displayed in Bridge - JPEG, PSD, PDF, InDesign?
    They can all be displayed.
  50. Why would you not render images as "Always High Quality"?
    It takes up more room for storage.
  51. What kind of file is a DNG?
  52. What is good about DNG?
    It is very universal.
  53. What is metadata?
    Data that describes the camera, exposure, and user info.
  54. Does IPTC data include shutter speed, aperture, and file size?
  55. Should files retain their original names to be kept in order?
  56. Should you use all 5 stars in the rating system?
  57. What should you do with unwanted images?
    Put them in a reject folder.
  58. Is a Bridge web gallery viewed within the Bridge program or on any browser?
    On any browser.
  59. What is it called when you put several images on one piece of paper.
    A contact sheet.
  60. Is it possible to include music in Bridge slideshows?
  61. How many backup copies should you make before deleting a file?
  62. Do you need to resave backup copies when you make changes in Bridge?
  63. Do you need to make metadata changes individually to each file?
  64. What kind of ISO should you use for the least digital noise?
  65. What should be the last step in editing?
  66. What format should you convert your RAW files into after editing?
  67. What utility allows you to adjust individual tones to different amounts?
  68. What utility allows you to compare images with color/lightness differences?
  69. What utility allows you to increase/decrease color depth and shift color values?
  70. What utility allows you to adjust only shadow, midtone, and highlight amounts?
  71. What utility is best for improving sharpness?
    Unsharp mask
  72. What keystroke changes a rotated picture to the original view?
  73. How do you crop a rectangle that is rotated?
    Move the cursor out of the crop area and move the cursor.
  74. When cropping, what keyboard item makes the uncropped area go black?
  75. Can the uncropped area be made to go to any shade of grey?
  76. What keyboard shortcut cancels the cropping process?
  77. What will the "resample image" option result in?
    Less quality
  78. What Versace trick is used to upsample and still maintain quality?
    "Bicubic Sharper" sampling
  79. What tool makes it possible to stretch an image without distortion?
    Content aware scaling
  80. What do you have to do first to stretch an image?
    Make the canvas larger.
  81. How can you straighten a tilted image?
    Use the ruler tool to draw along the tilted edge. Then choose Image>Rotate>Arbitrary
  82. What two things should you do before color correction?
    • Set the eyedropper to sample at 3x3.
    • Set the background to neutral grey.
  83. What tool is the hands down choice for color correcting?
  84. What are the RGB combinations you should use for highlights, midtones, and shadows?
    245,245,245 - 133,133,133 - 7,7,7
  85. What typer of curve decreases contrast?
    Backwards S-shape
  86. What keystroke makes a selected part of the curve darker?
    down arrow key
  87. What are 5 advantages for using adjustment layers?
    • Undos that live forever.
    • Built in masks.
    • Blending modes.
    • One click presets.
    • Live action changes.
  88. What does TAT allow you to do?
    Change the lightness of any hue by clicking the picture and dragging left (darker) or right (lighter)
  89. What tool will boost the least vivid colors most?
  90. What happens when "show clipping" is checked and the shadow slider is dragged to the right?
    The darkest tones show up first.
  91. What is the difference between the B&W converter in "Image>Adjustments" and the adjustment panel?
    "Image>Adjustments" changes the actual photo pixels. The adjustment panel adds a layer and mask over the photo.
  92. On a mask, what color will conceal the underneath layer?
  93. Do the numbers in the Black and White converter have to add up to 100%?
  94. What tool would you use to make the red in a person's hair lighter?
  95. In the Camera Raw grayscale mixer, what keystroke allows you to toggle between color and black and white?
  96. If you clip the highlights, what control can you adjust to bring them back down?
  97. What is Scott Kelby's easiest, fastest, and most predictable way to get a great image?
    Gradient map
  98. When making black and white calculations, what channel should you manipulate first?
    Channel 2
  99. What blending mode gives the strongest, darkest contrast?
  100. What should you use to change the exposure when making HDR images?
    shutter speed
  101. Should your autofocus be on when making an HDR?
  102. How many pictures should you import into photoshop for an HDR image?
Card Set
Advanced Photography Final