Chapters 1-4 AP World Test

  1. Polis
    Polis were greek term for city-state and consisted of an urban center and the agriculture territory it controlled
  2. Disapora
    a greek word meaning dispersal used to describe the communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland
  3. Oligarchy
    Oligarchy is the exercise of political privelage by the wealthier members of society
  4. Hellenistic Age
    Historians' term for the era, usually dated 323-330 BCE, in which Greek culture spread across western Asia and northeastern Africa after the conquests of Alexander the Great. The period ended with teh fall of the last major Hellenistic kingdom to Rome, but Greek cultural influence persisted until the spread of Islam in the seventh century
  5. Synagogue
    a communal meeting place that served religious, educational, and social fuctions. Means bringing together in Greek
  6. Mandate of Heaven
    Chinese religous and political ideology developed by the Zhou, according to which it was the prerogative of Heaven, the chief deity, to grant power to th eruler o fChina and to take away that power to the ruler  of China and to take away that power if the ruler faild to conduct himself justly and in the best interests of his subjects
  7. Satrap
    The governor of a province of Achaemenid Persian Empire, often a relative of the king. He was responsible for protection of the province and for forwarding tribute to the central administration. Satraps in outlying provinces enjoyed considerable autonomy
  8. Mass Deportation
    the forcible removal and relocation of large numbers of people or entire populations 
  9. amulet
    small charm meant to protect bearer from evil
  10. trireme
    Greek and Phoenician warship of the fifth and fourth centuries BCE. It was sleek and light, powered by 170 oars arranged in three vertical tiers. Manned by skilled sailors, it was capable of short burts of speed and complex maneuvers
  11. Hoplite
    a heavily armored greek infantryman of the Archaic and Classical periods who fought in the close-packed phalanx formation. Hoplite armies - militias composed of middle and upper class citizens supplying their own equipment
  12. Herodotus
    heir to the technique of historia (investigation) developed by greeks in the late archaic period. He came from the greek community in Anatolia and traveled extensively, collecting information in western Asia and the Mediterranean lands. He traced the antecedents of and chronicled the Perisan Wars between the Greek city states and the Persian Empire, thus originating the Western tradition of historical writing
  13. Review the main causes and consequences of the Agricultural Revolution
    • Causes: Forageres returned each year to the seasonal camps to plant the foods they liked. This is considered semi-cultivation which gradually gave way to farming. Also climate change had an affect.
    • Consequences: Increased work time and effort, less nutritional value, and disease
  14. What historic document tells us about ancient Israel? Who were Israel’s trade partners in ancient times?
    • The Hebrew Bible is the historic document that tells us about ancient Israel.
    • Israel's trade partner was Saba
  15. What is the main difference between the flooding of the Nile and of Mesopotamian rivers?
    Unlike the Mesopotamians, the Egyptians needed no dams or weirs to raise the level of the river and divert the water into channels. Unlike the Tigris and Euphrates, the Nile flooded at the best time for grain agriculture.
  16. What explains early Greek cultural unity?  What is the main difference between Athenian and Spartan societies?
    The main difference between Athenian and Spartan societies is Athens was the city of the arts with class systems while Sparta had barely any art and was a military society where everyone was equal
  17. Early in history, what was most human activity centered on? What is the first recognizable cultural activity of human beings?
  18. Explain the role/unique characteristics of trade in Minoan, Chavin, Classical Greek, and Phoenician civilizations.
    • The Minoan civilization was located on the island of Crete which was pretty seperate from many other civilizations but somehow Cretan artifacts are around the Mediterranean and Middle East. 
    • Chavin de Huantar was located at the intersection of trade routes which allowed them to control trade
    • Greece 
  19. Describe some methods used by Alexander the Great to control his empire and what happened to the empire after his death?
    Alexander left the system of government in place since it was well adapted and and familiar to the people. He also later started allowing Persians and Iranians into his army and allowed them to be officials and such. He also married several Iranian women for the connections. When he died there were no plans for his succession so there was a half century of chaos over who would rule and in the end there were three seperate kingdoms
  20. Explain the connection between Greece’s physical environment and Greek colonization. What was the role of the sea(s) in the development of Greece?
  21. Who were the participating sides in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars? Explain causes and consequences for both wars.
  22. What is propaganda? Describe examples of propaganda and its role in the ancient Persian capital of Persepolis.
  23. Describe the advantages of the coin use.
  24. What were the fundamental concepts of Egyptian religion based on? What made Egyptian burial ritual so complex?
  25. Which civilization had more rural population, Egypt or Mesopotamia? What do we know about slavery in Egypt?
  26. Review time period and causes for collapse in Minoan civilization.
  27. What made early American cultures so unique? Why did the Olmec lay out their cities in alignment with the paths of stars?
  28.  Review the geographic locations of the Minoan, Mycenaean, and Assyrian civilizations.
  29. What made certain Phoenician textiles unique?
  30. Who (what people) founded Carthage and why?
Card Set
Chapters 1-4 AP World Test
Chapters 1-4 AP World Test Ancient Civilizations like Mesopotamia, Greece, Indus River Valley