1. AC
    Before Meals
  2. Acute
    • Short term
    • (Sudden or less than 6 months)
  3. AD LIB
    No Restriction (up at Liberty)
  4. ADL 
    Activities of Daily Living
  5. AMB
  6. Amt
  7. Aspiration
    Food, fluid or objects taken into the lung.
  8. AX 
  9. BID
    Twice a day
  10. BKA 
    Below the knee amputation.
  11. AKA
    Above the knee ampoutation
  12. BM
    Bowel Movement
  13. BP
    Blood Pressure
  14. BRP
    Bathroom Privileges
  15. e
  16. C/O
    complains of
  17. cc
    Cubic Centimeters (30 cc in one ounce)
  18. Centigrade
    Unit of Measurement dealing with Temperature
  19. Triangle
  20. Chronic
    Long Term (longer than 6 months)
  21. D/C 
    Discontinue or discharge
  22. Dx
  23. ECF
    Extended Care Facility
  24. Edema
    Swelling with fluid or water
  25. EKG
  26. Emisis
    Vomitus (expelling of food and fluid through the mouth)
  27. Fahrenheit 
    Unit of Measurement dealing with Temperature
  28. H&P
    History and Physical
  29. HS
    At Bedtime (Hour of sleep)
  30. I&O
    Intake and Output
  31. Incontinence
    Inability to control urine or feces
  32. IV
    Intravenous (inside the vein)
  33. Kardex
    A type of card file that summarizes info from the medical record
  34. KG
  35. LB
  36. Lt 
  37. Lt
  38. LTC
    Long Term Care
  39. mg
  40. ml
    Milliliters (30ml in one ounce)
  41. NCS 
    No Concentrated Sweets
  42. NPO
    Nothing By Mouth
  43. O2
  44. Occult
  45. OOB
    Out of Bed
  46. OT
    Occupational Therapist
  47. p
  48. PC
    After Meals
  49. PER
    By or through
  50. PO
    By Mouth
  51. PRN
    As Needed or When Necessary
  52. PROM
    Passive Range of Motion
  53. Pt/pt
  54. PT 
    Physical Therapist
  55. Q
  56. QD
    Every Day
  57. Qh, Q2h, Q3h
    Every hour, Every 2 hours, Every 3 hours etc.
  58. QID
    Four times a day
  59. QOD
    Every Other Day
  60. QS
    Every Shift
  61. ROM
    Range of Motion
  62. RT
    Respiratory Therapist
  63. Tr 
  64. s
  65. SOB
    Shortness of breath
  66. s/p
    Status post-after an event
  67. S/S 
    Signs and symptoms
  68. STAT
    At Once (immediately, NOW)
  69. THA
    Total Hip Arthroplasty (Surgical replacement/ repair of the hip)
  70. TID
    Three times a day
  71. TKA
    • Total Knee Arthroplasty
    • (Surgical replacement of the knee)
  72. TPR
    Temperature, Pulse, Respirations
  73. TTWB
    Toe Touch Weight Bearing
  74. W/C
  75. WTor wt
  76. Abduction
    Moving away from the body
  77. Adduction
    Moving toward the body
  78. Anterior
    Toward the front
  79. Distal
    Futher from the center or point of origin
  80. Dorsal 
  81. Dorsal Recumbant
    Same as supine
  82. Extension
    to extend
  83. Flexion
    To bend
  84. Fowler's Position
    The head of the bed is at 45 to 60 degrees
  85. High Fowler's Position 
    The head of the bed is at 60 to 90 degrees
  86. inferior 
    Below or lower
  87. Lateral 
    Away from the middle or midline of the body
  88. Medial 
    Toward the middle or midline of the body
  89. Orthopneic Position
    • The person sits leaning forward over a bedside table to expand their lungs
    • (used for COPD)
  90. Plantar
  91. Posterior
  92. Prone
    Lying face down or on the stomach
  93. Proximal
    Nearest to the center or point of origin
  94. Proximal
    Nearest to the center or point of origin
  95. Reverse Trendelenberg
    • Head of bed raised and foot lowered 
    • (decided by MD order)
  96. Semi Fowler's Position
    Head of the bed is 30 degrees and the knees are at 15degrees
  97. Sims Position
    Used for rectal examination or enema

    Lying on left side with Rt knee flexed
  98. Superior
    Higher or upper
  99. Supine
    Lying on the back
  100. Trendelenburg Position
    • Head of bed lowered and feet raised
    • (used for shock)
  101. Abdominal 
    • Abdomen
    • (Divided into 4 Quadrants)
  102. Cranio or Cranial
  103. Dorsal
  104. Pelvic
  105. Spinal
    Spinal Canal
  106. Thoracic
  107. Ventral
    Front or Belly
  108. CAD
    Coronary Artery Disease
  109. Cardio
    Having to do with the Heart
  110. CCU
    Coronary Care Unit
  111. Ceph
    Has to do with the head
  112. Chole
    Bile/ Gall bladder
  113. colo
  114. coronary
    Having to do with the Heart
  115. Embolus
    A moving blood clot
  116. Gastro 
  117. Hepa/Hepato
  118. Neph / Nephro
    Having to do with the kidneys
  119. Neuro
    Nervous System/ brain
  120. Ortho
    Bones / Skeleton
  121. Phlebe
    Having to do whth veins
  122. Pleural
    Having to do with the lungs
  123. Thrombus
    A stationary blood clot
  124. Ur/Uro
    Urinary System
  125. Vascular
    Blood Vessels
  126. a
  127. a/an/anti
    Absence of or without
  128. Ambi
    Both sides
  129. Ante
  130. Bi 
  131. Bilateral
    Both Sides
  132. Brady
    Slow, Slower than Normal
  133. Chole
    prefix meaning bile
  134. Dys 
    Difficult or Painful
  135. Endo 
  136. Epi
    Above or top
  137. Ger/i
    referring to the elderly
  138. Heme, Hema
    Having to do with Blood
  139. Hemi
    • Half
    • (paralysis on left or right side of the body)
  140. Hyper 
    Excessive, Above nomal
  141. Hypo 
    Under, Less than nomal
  142. Intra
  143. Mono, Uni
  144. Noc
  145. Olig
  146. Para
    • Alongside
    • (as in paralysis below an area in the spinal cord)
  147. Peri
  148. Poly
    Many, Much
  149. Post 
  150. Pre 
  151. Py
  152. Quadr/i
  153. Sub
    Under or below
  154. Sub Q
    for subcutaneous, or just under the skin
  155. Tachy
    Fast, Faster than Normal
  156. Unilateral
    One Side
  157. algia
  158. atrics
    the care of
  159. dynia
  160. ectomy
    removal of 
  161. emia
  162. itis
    inflammation of
  163. logy
    the study of
  164. megaly
  165. logy
    the study of 
  166. megaly
  167. oma
  168. osis
  169. ostomy
    Permanent Opening
  170. otomy 
    surgical opening
  171. pathy 
  172. plasty
    Sugical Repair
  173. plegia
  174. pnea
  175. rrhage
    Flowing Forth
  176. rrhea
  177. static/ stasis
    Unchanging, Level
  178. Angina
    Chest Pain (from the heart)
  179. Angio 
    Blood Vessel
  180. Apical
    Having to do whigh the Apex(tip) of the Heart
  181. Arterio 
  182. Artery
    Carries blood away from the heart
  183. Atrial Atrium
    Upper chambers of the heart
  184. MI
    • Myocardial Infarction, Heart Attack 
    • (Death of the Heart Muscle)
  185. Systole
    Working Phase of the heart
  186. Thrombus
    A stationary or non moving blood clot
  187. Vein
    Carries blood toward the heart
  188. Venous
  189. Ventricular/ Ventricle
    Lower Chambers of the Heart
  190. Apnea 
    Absence of Breathing
  191. Bronch/us
    From the Latin word for windpipe
  192. COPD
    Congestive Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  193. Cyanosis
    A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucosa from insufficient Oxygen
  194. Emphysema
    Disease in which the alveoli are distended and clogged
  195. Expiration
    Breathing Out
  196. Inspiration
    Breathing in
  197. Orthopnea
    • Shortness of breath when lying flat, 
    • meaning that the person has to sit up to breathe
  198. PE 
    Pulmonary Embolism
  199. Pleura/ Pleural
    Having to do with Lungs
  200. Pnea
    Suffix having to do with Lungs or Air
  201. Pulmo, pulmonary
    Having to do with Lungs
  202. Respiration
    • To Breathe 
    • One Respiration is one breath in and one breath in and one breath out
  203. RT
    Respiratory Therapist
  204. Sputum
    Substance ejected from the mouth containing saliva and mucous
  205. Trachea
    Part of the throat, from the Greek word for windpipe
  206. Afebrile
    Not having a fever
  207. Apical pulse
    Taken over the apex of the heart with a stethoscope
  208. B/P
    Blood Pressure
  209. Diastole
    Resting phase of the heart
  210. Diastolic
    When you stop hearing the beat when taking a B/P
  211. Fahenheit/Centigrade
    • Measurements for Temperature
    • (abbrev F and C)
  212. Febrile
    Having a fever
  213. Orthostatic hypotension
    A sudden drop in blood pressure caused by standing up too quickly
  214. Pulse
    The heartbeat, felt or heard over an artery
  215. Pulse Deficit
    The difference between the apical and radial pulse
  216. Pulse Rate 
    Howfast the heart is beating, heart rate
  217. Systole
    Working phase of the heart
  218. Systolic
    The first beat you hear when taking a B/P
  219. TPR
    Temperature, pulse, respiration
  220. VS
    • Vital signs
    • (TPR and B/P)
  221. Chole
    Bile / Gall bladder
  222. DM
    Diabetes Mellitus
  223. Emesis
  224. Gastro
    Having to do with the Stomach
  225. GI
    Gastro Intestinal
  226. Hepa/ Hepato
  227. Peristalsis
    The involuntary muscle contraction in the digestive system that moves food
  228. Thyro
    Having to do with the Thyroid
  229. Vagus Nerve
    A nerve in the rectum that if over stimulated can slow the heart rate
  230. BM
    Bowel Movement
  231. Colo
    Colon, Intestines
  232. Defecation
    Passing a bowel Movement
  233. Diarrhea
    Liquid Stool
  234. Feces/ Fecal
    Having to do with Fecal matter still inside the body
  235. impaction
    • Condition of being tightly wedged in the body
    • as fecal impaction
  236. Rect/o
    Rectal, rectum
  237. Stool, Excrement
    Fecal matter that has passed ouside the body
  238. Cyst/o
  239. I&O
    Intake and Output
  240. Micturate, Void 
    to Urinate
  241. Neph
    Has to do with the kidneys
  242. Renal
    Having to do with the kidneys
  243. Ur/ia
    Having todo with the urinary system
  244. Cutaneous
    Having to do with the skin
  245. Decubitus Ulser
    • Pressure Sore, Pressure Ulcer
    • Breakdown in the skin from lying in one position
  246. Derma/o
    Having to do with skin
  247. Integumentary 
  248. Atrophy
    A decrease in size or wasting away of tissue
  249. Contracture
    Lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of a muscle
  250. My/o
  251. Ligament
    Attaches bones to bones
  252. Ortho
    Has to do Bones and Skeletal system
  253. Osteo
  254. Tendons
    Connects muscle to bone
  255. Cap/
    • Having to do with the head
    • (as in Pediculosis Captis)
  256. Cephalo/cephalic
    Having to do with the skull
  257. Cranio
    Having to do with the brain
  258. CVA
    Cerebral Vascular Accident/Attack (Stroke)
  259. Neur/o 
    Having to do with the nervous system and brain
  260. TIA
    • Transient Ischemic Attack
    • (small temporary stroke)
  261. Asepsis
    Being free of disease producing microbes.
  262. Clean technique
    in medical asepsis(means the same thing)
  263. Fomite
    inanimate object(as a towel or money) that can tranmit infections from one person to another
  264. Medical asepsis
    Removing pathogens ie-handwashing
  265. Normal flora
    A micorbe that lives in a certain area without causing disease
  266. Pathogen
    A microbe that is harmful and causesinfection
  267. Sterile
    The absence of All microbes
  268. Surgical asepsis
    The process of getting it clean of all micobes
  269. Antibody
    A cell that fights infections
  270. Auto Immune
    When a person's immune system attacks it's own cells
  271. Benign
  272. Ca
    Cancer / Malignancy
  273. Immunity
    Being protected against something
  274. Malignant
  275. Metastatic / Metastasis
    Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body
  276. Tumor
    An over growth of cells
Card Set
CNA Medical Terminology