S4M1 buzz

  1. prominent primitive/frontal reflexes
    Frontotemporal dementia
  2. "knife edge" gyri
    Picks disease
  3. repeated falls
    Lewy body dementia
  4. >3% internal nuclei in SkM
    activaiton of satellite cells
  5. onion bulbs
    sequential episodes of de- than re-myleination leads to concentric layers of Schwann cells around the axon
  6. myelin ovoids
    seen in Wallerian degeneration after traumatic transection of distal axon when destroyed myelin is phagocytosed my m0 and schwann cells
  7. ring fibers
    • myotonic MD
    • muscle fibers with sarcomere perp. to the axis
  8. internalization of nuclei
    a feature of SkM seen in myotonic dystrophy
  9. disorder of axonal transport
    peripheral neuropathy
  10. OCD
    low seratonin function in the right caudate nucleus
  11. blanching rash that feels like sandpaper
    enteroviral meningitis (picornavirus family)
  12. black discoloration of palate and nose
    necrosis due to rhinocerebral mucormycosis
  13. pain upon moving eyes worsened by sitting, standing or coughing
    viral meningitis
  14. satellitosis
    proliferation of nerineuronal oligodendrocytes around degenerating neurons and normal neurons with aging
  15. DAI (diffuse axonal injury)
    • caused by shearing stress on the brain, with no direct damage
    • **corpus callosum is particularly suceptible**
    • **coma after trauma with poor prognosis**
  16. congestion of ciliary blood vessels near cornea
    Dx sign of uveitis
  17. intermittent blurring of vision with halos
    due to corneal edema, a sign of AACG
  18. transient and painless monocular blindness
    • "amaurosis fugax"
    • caused by central retinol artery occulsion
    • major source of embolus is plaque of carotid or aorta
  19. painless monocular visual loss on awakening
    • anterior ishcemic optic neuropathy
    • decreased b/f in posterior ciliary artery
  20. arcuate scotomas
    scimtar shape, indicative of glaucoma
  21. whipple triad
    • sign of insulinoma
    • episodic hypoglycemia
    • CNS dysfunction
    • dramatic reversal of CNS dysfunction with glc admin
  22. MEN 1 syndrome
    PT, pancreatic and pituitary hormone secreting tumors
  23. vesicular lesions on eyelid with periocular or cunjunctival vesicles
    HSV keratits
  24. expanding chorioretinal lesions
    fungal keratitis (candida, or fusarium)
  25. congestion of ciliary b/v near the cornea
    dx of uveitis=> sever photophobia, blurry vision an IO pain
  26. haloes around light, mid dilated no reactive pupil,pain, coreal cloudiness
    AACG- medical emergency
Card Set
S4M1 buzz
S4M1 buzz