chapter five

  1. dorsal
    back cavity
  2. ventral
    front cavity
  3. dorsal contains the ______ and _______ cavities
    cranial; spinal
  4. cranial cavity
    contains the brain
  5. spinal cavity
    contains the spinal cord; also known as the spinal canal
  6. ventral contains the ______, ________and_______cavities
    thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic
  7. What is the function of the diaphragm and what does it separate?
    It's a major respiratory muscle and separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
  8. thoracic cavity
    contains the heart, lungs, aorta, trachea, and esophagus
  9. abdominal cavity
    contains the stomach, intestines, pancreas, gall bladder, liver, spleen, kidneys, ureters
  10. pelvic cavity
    contains reproductive and urinary organs (exc. kidneys and ureters--abdominal).
  11. abdominal and pelvic cavities are frequently referred to as the______?
    abdominopelvic cavity
  12. superior or cranial
    • above; toward the head
    • ex: head is superior to the neck
  13. inferior or caudal
    • below; toward the lower end of the body/tail
    • ex: neck is inferior to the head
  14. anterior or ventral
    • front surface of body; belly-side
    • ex: thoracic is anterior to the spinal
  15. posterior or dorsal
    spinal is posterior to thoracic
  16. medial
    • toward the midline
    • (midline is imaginary line down center of body from head to feet)
    • ex: big toe is medial to small toe
  17. lateral
    away from midline
  18. proximal
    • 1. nearest the point of attachment to trunk (primarily for arms and legs)
    • ex: elbow is proximal to wrist
    • 2. Toward the point of origin (generally digestive tract, with mouth as point of origin)
    • ex: stomach is proximal to intestines
  19. distal
    Away from trunk or point of origin
  20. superficial
    • near the surface
    • ex: skin superficial to organs
  21. deep
    • away from surface of body
    • ex: muscles are deep to skin
  22. supine
    lying on back, face up (palms facing toward the front)
  23. prone
    lying face down (palms down)
  24. plantar
    sole of foot
  25. dorsum
    upper portion of foot
  26. peripheral
    • away from center
    • ex: peripheral nerves are away from brain, per. blood vessels are in extremeties
  27. Name the four abdominal quadrants. What is the center called?
    LUQ, RUQ, LLQ, RLQ; the umbilicus
  28. frontal; coronal
    separates between posterior and anterior
  29. sagittal
    left and right sides; if sides are equal, cut is midsagittal
  30. transverse; horizontal
    superior and inferior portions
  31. anter/o
  32. caud/o
  33. dors/o
  34. infer/o
  35. inguin/o
  36. medi/o
  37. phren/o
  38. poster/o
  39. proxim/o
  40. super/o
  41. ventr/o
  42. gastr/o
  43. ili/o
  44. -al; -ic; -ior
    pertaining to 
Card Set
chapter five
chapter five