Caring for the Adult Test 1 Review

  1. Which of the following statements about aging is correct?



    B.
  2. Neurologic changes commonly found in the healthy older adults include the following:



    C.
  3. Mr. J. had been a healthy 90-year-old man until he developed pneumonia. While acutely ill with the pneumonia, he showed signs of early heart and renal failure. He became weak, and his tolerance for physical activity declined. Even though the pneumonia resolved, several months had passed before he returned to his previous level of functioning. How would you explain this delay?



    D.
  4. You observe that an older patient's thoracic spine is curved, causing her to bend forward. The term used to describe this condition is:
    kyphosis
  5. When a patient has presbycusis which of the following nursing interventions is most important?



    D.
  6. Which of these statements by older adults reflects movement toward ego integrity?



    A.
  7. An older post operative patient is receiving pain medications that depress the central nervous system. Based on your knowledge of drug therapy and aging, what adverse effect is most likely?



    D.
  8. A clinic patient reports that she bruises very easily. She cut herself this morning, and the wound continues to ooze blood. An assessment of her medication history reveals that she takes the diuretic Diuril and verapamil for hypertension, Maalox for heartburn, and aspiring for arthritis pain. Which drug would you suspect is related to her bleeding?
    aspirin
  9. A condition in which the body's immune system destroys its own tissues is:



    A.
  10. Bacteria that reside on the skin but do not cause infection serve what purpose?



    C.
  11. Which of the following are classic signs of local inflammation?



    • D.
    • c
  12. In the first phase of the inflammatory process, capillary permeability increases. What purpose does this increase serve?



    B.
  13. Why have numerous antibacterial drugs been developed but relatively few antiviral drugs?



    B.
  14. The last factor in the chain of infection is the:



    C.
  15. Characteristics of the incubation period of the infectious process include which of the following?



    A.
  16. Which of the following are health care-associated infections?



    D.
  17. Which of the following measures help prevent the development of bacterial resistance?



    B.
  18. The primary mode of transmission of health care-associated infections is:



    C.
  19. Which statement is true regarding the need to use Standard Precautions?



    A.
  20. The advantage of using HEPA filter respirators rather than surgical masks is that:



    masks protect the caregiver against tuberculosis but not other infections.
    d.      HEPA filter respirators protect the patient but not the caregiver.
    C.
  21. After vaccination for measles, a person will not become ill if exposed to the measles virus. The patient's ability to resist the measles virus is called:



    B.
  22. The rejection of transplanted organs is the result of:



    C.
  23. Nursing care of the immunosuppressed patient should include which of the following?



    C.
  24. If a person has no A or B antigens, then what is his or her blood type?
    Type O
  25. When inspecting a patient's skin, you notice multiple ecchymosis and petechiae. This should lead you to suspect a deficiency of which blood component?
    platelets
  26. A patient says he is a "universal donor." This means his blood type is what?
    Type O
  27. While receiving a blood transfusion, a patient complains of chest and back pain and chills. Which of the following should be your initial action?



    D.
  28. Which of the following nursing interventions is or are appropriate for a patient with a low RBC count?



    C.
  29. A deficiency of RBCs, WBCs, and platelets is characteristic of which of the following?



    D.
  30. Sickle cell crisis occurs when which of the following is seen?



    A.
  31. Pain management during the acute phase of a sickle cell crisis usually requires which of the following?



    D.
  32. Overstimulation of the normal blood-clotting process can result in which of the following?



    B.
  33. Hemophilia A is treated with which factor?
    VII
  34. A patient has a neutrophil count that is 70% of his total WBC count. You should suspect infection caused by what?
    bacteria
  35. Mr. B. has chickenpox as a child. When he was exposed to chickenpox years later, he did not become infected. His resistance was most likely the result of which type of acquired immunity?
    active
  36. Which of the following is a priority when collecting data about the patient with an immune disorder?



    C.
  37. During report, it is noted that a shift occurs to the right on your patient's CBC. Which of the following could this mean?



    D.
  38. When caring for a patient with leukemia who is undergoing chemotherapy, which of the following data should you report immediately?



    C.
  39. HIV can best be described as which of the following?



    B.
  40. During the latent stage of HIV infection, which of the following cells host the HIV?



    D.
  41. Through which of the following does HIV enter the body?



    C.
  42. What is the leading cause of death in persons with AIDS?
    pneumonia
  43. Under what circumstances is it possible for a person with HIV infection to have negative HIV blood tests?



    A.
  44. Which of the following tests is usually done first to screen for HIV antibodies?



    B.
  45. As which of the following can anal or vaginal sex with a condom be classified?



    B.
  46. As which of the following drug categories can AZT be classified?



    B.
  47. A patient with HIV infection has recently become confused. Which of the following explanations should you provide to the patient's partner?



    D.
Author
MarieRN
ID
169803
Card Set
Caring for the Adult Test 1 Review
Description
Chapters 11, 13, 32-34
Updated