1. the brain and the spinal cord
    central nervous system
  2. the nerves exiting the brain and the spinal cord that serve sensory and more functions for the rest of the body
    peripheral nervous system
  3. a long cylinder of nervous tissue extending from the medulla to the firsl lumbar vertebra
    spinal cord
  4. the bones of the spinal column that protect and enclose the spinal chord
    vertebral column
  5. on of the first eight spinal nerves that serve the area of the head neck and arms
    cervical nerve
  6. one of the twelve pairs of spinal nerves that serve the torso
    thoraic nerve
  7. one of the five spinal nerves that serve the lower back and legs
    lumbar nerves
  8. one of the five spinal nerves that serve the back of legs and genitals
    socral nerve
  9. the most caudal of the spinal nerves
    coccygeal nerve
  10. an are of neutral tissue primarily made up of myelinated azels
    white matter
  11. an are of neural tissue primarily made of cell bodies 
    gray matter
  12. gray matter in the spinal chord that contain sensory neurons
    dorsal horns
  13. gray matter in the spinal chord that contains motor neurons
    ventral horns
  14. an involuntary action or response
  15. the knee jerk reflex a spinal reflex in which tapping below the knee produces a reflexive contraction of the quadriceps muscle of the thigh causing the foot to kick
    patellar reflex
  16. a spinal reflex that pulls a body part away from the source of pain
    withdrawl reflex
  17. the most caudal division of the brain including the medulla pons and cerebellum
  18. the division of the brain lying between the hindbrain and the forebrain
  19. the division of the brain containing the diencephalon and the telecephalon
  20. the lower two thirds of the brain including the hindbrain and midbrain
    brain stem
  21. the most caudal part of the hindbrain
    myelencephallon/ medulla
  22. collections of cell bodies that share a function
  23. a collection of brainstem nuclei located near the midline from the rostral medulla up into the midbrain that regulate sleep and arousal
    reticular formation
  24. a structure located in the metencephalor between the medulla and midbrain part of the brainstem located in the hindbrain
  25. a structure located in the interception that participates in balance, muscle tone, muscle coordinationa some types of learning and possibly higher cognitive functions in humans
    cohellar nucleus
  26. a group of cell bodies  in the pons that receive input about the location and movement of the head from sensory structures in the inner ear.
  27. nuceli located in the pons that participate in the regulation of sleep and arousal
    raplie nuclei
  28. a structure in the pons that participate in arousal
    locus coeruleus
  29. another term for midbrain the division of the brain lying between the hindbrain and the forebrain
  30. the roof or dorsal half of the midbrain
  31. the smalll channel running along the midline of the midbrain that connects the third and fourth ventriclels
    cerebral aqueduct
  32. gray mater surrounding the cerebral aqueduct of the midbrain that is believed to play a role in the sensation of pain
    periaqueductal gray
  33. a structure located within the reticular formation trait communicate motor information between the spinal cord and the cerebellum
    red nucleus
  35. a pari of lumps in the dorsal surface of the midbrain that coordinate visually guidad movements and usual reflexes
    superior collicoli
  36. a pair of lumps in the dorsal surface on th emidbrain that process auditory information
    inferior colliculi
  37. a division of the brain made up of the hypothalamus and thalamus
  38. the division of the brain compromising the cerebral  hemispheres
  39. on of the two large globular structures that make up the telecenenphalon of the brain
    cerebral hemisphere
  40. a structure in the diencephalon that process sensory information. contributes to states of arousal and participares in learning and memory
  41. a structure found in the diandephalon that participates in the regulation of hunger thirst, sexual behavior, and agression; part of the lymbic system.
  42. a gladnd located just above the roof of ther meotin that is connected to the hypothalamus and serves as a major source of hormones
    pituitary gland
  43. a collection of nuclei with the cerebral hemispheres taht participate in the control of movement.
    basal ganglia
  44. one of the major nuclei that make up the basal ganglia
  45. a small nucleus located at ventral to the thalamus, thats is part of the basal ganglia
    subthalamic nucleus
  46. collection of forebrain structures that participate in emotional behavior and learning
    limbic system
  47. a structure deep within the cerebral hemisphere that is involved with the formation of long term declarative memory part od the limbic system
  48. an almond shaped structure in the rostral temporal lobes that is part of the limbic system
  49. a structure from the ventral surface of the brain that processes the sense of smell. part of the limbic system
    olfactory bulb
Card Set