The Solar System

  1. There are currently __ planets.
  2. Pluto is now considered a what type of planet?
    Dwarf planet
  3. What are the surface shaping processes? (7)
    • Meteor, comet, and asteroidal impact
    • volcanism
    • crustal displacement-faulting and folding
    • mass wasting
    • fluid flow (water or other liquid, if present)
    • Wind
    • Ice deformation
  4. What is the Moon's original curst made up of?
  5. The young craters have-
  6. What planet is closet to the sun?
  7. What is Mercury's diameter?
    4880 km
  8. The mission in ____ passed Mercury three times and took pictures of the same side.
  9. What is Venus' radius?
    12,120 km
  10. Why can we not see the surface of Venus with a telescope?
    It is covered with clouds
  11. What planet is closest to Earth's size?
  12. If Venus did have tectonic plates it would have one major-
    rift zone.
  13. Venus has about __ craters they are spaced our from each other.
  14. Venus' atmosphere is comprised of what?
    CO2 and SO2
  15. Earth is the only planet that have an atmosphere that is -
    Oxygen rich with an Nitrogen atmosphere
  16. What is the Earth's radius?
    6370 km
  17. What is Mars' diameter?
    6792 km
  18. What makes Mars a reddish color?
  19. Mars' poles change from _____ to _____, because of _________ between the North and the South.
    Summer, Winter, vapor exchange
  20. Mars has the biggest volcano in the solar system. What type of volcano is it?
    Shield volcano
  21. How many moons does Mars have? And what are their names?
    2, Phobos and Demos
  22. Beyond Mars is an -
    asteroid belt
  23. Asteroids are _____ planets
  24. What is Jupiter's diameter?
    143,000 km
  25. Does Jupiter have a ring?
    Yes, a very faint one.
  26. How many satellites does Jupiter have?
    at least 63.
  27. Name the 4 largest moons of Jupiter or the Galilean Moons.
    Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto
  28. How much of Io is melted?
  29. Of Jupiter's Galilean Moons which two are highly cratered and have a ice and rock mix?
    Ganymede and Callisto
  30. The reason for color differences on planets and moons such as Io (Jupiter's moon) and Neptune is because of -
    temperature differences.
  31. Io is manly made up of -
  32. What is Saturn's diameter?
    120,660 km
  33. What are the two satellites called that keep Saturn's F ring in place?
  34. What is Saturn's largest satellite?
  35. What type of atmosphere does Titan have?
  36. What is Uranus' diameter?
    51,120 km
  37. How many satellites does Uranus have?
  38. Does Uranus have a ring system?
  39. What is Neptune's diameter?
    49, 500 km
  40. Neptune has __ satellites.
  41. Neptune's rings are ____ (size)
    very small
  42. Neptune's major moon is _____, that has an icy surface.
  43. Name the Dwarf Planets. (3)
    Ceres, Pluto, Eris
  44. Ceres originally came from -
    an asteroid (minor planet) in the Mars-Saturn asteroid belt
  45. Eris is ___% more massive than Pluto
  46. Trans-Neptunian refers to the area -
    beyond Pluto
  47. What is Pluto's largest moon?
  48. Comets are what and come from?
    icy and dirt bodies that are in liquid form, originally from beyond Pluto's orbit.
  49. Comets have ____ tails. Which way do the tails face?
    2 or 3; one from the orbit and the other is being pushed away from the sun.
  50. What are the three types of meteorites?
    iron, stony iron, and stony
Card Set
The Solar System
Planets their moons and size, plus any other solar system terms discussed