SOP- Chapter 3

  1. Persistence of one’s initial conceptions despite contradictory evidence.

    once people have a rationale for their beliefs the
    beliefs become almost impenetrable by facts or argument
    Belief perseverance
  2. Incorporating “misinformation” into one’s memory of the event after witnessing an event and receiving misleading information about it.
    misinformation effect
  3. implicit attitudes are ________ judgments
  4. Tendency to be more confident than correct – to overestimate the accuracy of one’s beliefs
    Overconfidence phenomenon
  5. Tendency to search for information that confirms one’s preconceptions
    confirmation bias
  6. Tendency to presume, sometimes despite contrary odds, that someone or something belongs to a particular group if resembling (representing) a typical member
    Representative heuristic
  7. cognitive rule that judges the likelihood of things in terms of their availability in memory
    availability heuristic
  8. Tendency for observers to underestimate situational influences and overestimate dispositional influences upon others’ behavior
    Fundamental attribution error
  9. Belief that leads to its own fulfillment based on interaction of person and environment
    self-fulfilling prophecy
  10. True or False
    Memory is not like a library. Memories themselves change as we access them.
  11. Why do we commit the fundamental attribution error?
    When we act the environment capture our attention when he/she acts, he/she captures our attention
Card Set
SOP- Chapter 3
Social World