S4M1 neuro

  1. retraction balls with a silver stain
    DAI (diffuse axonal injury) to shearing stress
  2. spheroids
    axonal swelling at the edges of torn axons, seen in DAI of shearing stress
  3. expansion of central canal
  4. fluid filled cavities within the spinal cord
  5. downward displacement of the Cb vermis and hemispheres, and medulla and brainstem
    Arnold-Chiari (Chiari II)
  6. downward displacement of Cb tonsils
    Chiari I
  7. arteries supplying basal ganglia
    lenticulostriate, brances of MCA
  8. perinuclear halo
  9. rod cell
    enlarged elongated microglia seen after brain tissue damage
  10. butterfly pattern tumor (in advanced cases)
    glioblastoma multiforme
  11. pseudopallisading
    gliablastoma multiforme
  12. Fried- egg appearance histo sample tumor
  13. chicken wire capillary pattern
  14. Cb tumor
    pilocytic astrocytoma
  15. rosenthal fibers/ course elongated intracytoplasmic inclusions
    pilocytic astrocytoma
  16. brain tumor with calcifications
  17. pseudorosettes
  18. Homer-Wright rosettes around a central fibrillary core
    Medullablastoma of Cb vermis
  19. spindle shaped cells
  20. Psammoma bodies
  21. most common cause of epilepsy
  22. whorls and syncitia of epithelial cells
  23. meningioma
  24. hooping reticular fibers
    primary CNS lymphoma
  25. angiocentric pattern
    primary CNS lymphoma
  26. inoperative pediatric tumor
    intrinsic pontine glioma or any otherĀ brainstem tumor
  27. unequivocal risk factor for glial and meningial neoplasms
    ionizing radiation
  28. methods to decrease ICP
    • elevate pts head above 30 degrees
    • hyperventilation- effective and fast
    • drainage
    • hyperosmotic drugs
    • diuretics
    • corticosteroids
  29. loss of horizontal dolls eyes
    pontine phase of coma
  30. dolls eyes and corneals absent followed by gag and cough reflex
    medullary phase of coma
  31. decorticate posture, Cheyne-Stokes breathing and norma nystagmus to loss of fast component
    diencephalic phase
  32. best test to determine brain death
    cerebral angiography
  33. nuclear pallisading
  34. Verocray bodies (anuclear area) on tumor of peripheral nerve
  35. nerve trunk
  36. chronic adhesive arachnoiditis
    pneumococcal meningitis
  37. subpial Rich's foci
    dormant TB in brain
  38. obliteralive endarteritis
    complication of chronic (TB, neurosyphilis) meningitis and can lead to cerebral ischemia or infarct
  39. basal adhesive arachnoiditis
    • TB meningitis
    • lead to hydrocephalus
  40. plasma cells in bacterail meningitis
  41. periventricular calcifications
    toxoplasmosis or CMV, both are ToRCH organismsĀ 
  42. gelatinous exudate in meningitis
    cryptococcal meningoencephalitis
  43. soap bubble cysts in basal ganglia
    cryptococcal meningitis
  44. intranuclear inclusion bodies with (meningo)encephalitis
    indicative of viral infection
  45. perivascular cuffing
    arboviral encephalitis
  46. necrotizing and hemorrhagic encephalitis of frontal and temporal lobes with eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions (Cowdry A)
    HSV encephalitits
  47. hemorrhagic necrotizing ventriculoencephalitis
    CMV encephalitis
  48. large ells and intracytoplasmic and intranuclear inclusions
    CMV encephalitis
  49. pus accumulation at base
    Hib meningitis
  50. pus spreading over cerebral covexities
    meninococcal or pheumococcal meningitis
  51. chronic adhesive arachnoiditis with obliteration of lat and med foramina and fibrosis of arachnoid granulations
    pneumoccocal meningitis
Card Set
S4M1 neuro
S4M1 neuro