411 chapter 3

  1. Dilation
    A key process in the first stage of childbirth, during which the cervix widens sufficiently to allow the infant's head to pass into the birth canal. Full dilation is 10 centimeters.
  2. Effacement
    The flattening of the cervix, which, along with dilation, is a key process of the first stage of childbirth.
  3. Anoxia
    A shortage of oxygen. This is one of the potential risks at birth, and it can result in brain damage if it is prolonged.
  4. Cesaren Section (C-section)
    Delivery of the child through an inision in the mother's abdomen.
  5. Low Birth Weight (LBW)
    Term for any baby born with a weight below 2,500 grams (5.5 pounds), including both those born too early (preterm) and those who are small for date.
  6. Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW)
    Term for any baby born with a weight below 1,000 grams (2.2 pounds).
  7. Preterm Infant
    An infant born before 38 weeks gestational age.
  8. Small-for-date Infant
    An infant who weight less than is normal for the number of weeks of gestation completed.
  9. Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    A problem frequently found in infants born more than 6 weeks before term, in which the infant's lungs lack a chemical (surfactant) needed to keep air sacs inflated.
  10. Reflexes
    Automatic body reactions to specitic stimulation, such as the knee jerk or the Moro reflex. Adults have any reflexes, but the newborns also has some primitive reflexes that disappear as the cortex develops.
Card Set
411 chapter 3
Birth and early infancy