chp7 diseases

  1. late-stage infection with the human immunodefeciency virus (HIV) which progressively weakens the immune system
  2. life-threatening systemic allergic reaction to a substance to which the body was previously sensitized
  3. inflammatory response that causes degenerative changes in the spinal vertabrae; sacroiliac joints; connective tissues such as tendons and ligaments in the hips, shoulders, knees, feet, and ribs; and tissues of the lungs, eyes, and heart valves
    ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
  4. group of disorders casued when the immune system misidentifies red blood cells as foreign and creates autoantibodies that attack them
    autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  5. complex chronic disorder marked by severe fatigue unrelieved by rest, often worsened by mental or physical activity; sometimes called __________
    • chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)
    • chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS)
  6. group of disorders in which persistent or recurrent Candida fungal infections develop on the skin, nails, or mucous membranes
    chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC)
  7. acute infection which causes sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes; also called _______
    • Epstein-Barr virus
    • mononucleosis
  8. complication of bone marrow transplantation in which lymphoid cells from donated tissue attack the recipient and csue damage to skin, liver, GI tract, and other tissues
  9. type of lymphatic cancer; aka _______
    • hodgkin disease
    • lymphoma
  10. disorder in which a deficiency of platelets results in abnormal blood clotting, marked by tiny purple bruises that form under the skin
    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  11. cancer of lymphatic tissue not related to hodgkin disease
  12. group of more than 30 types of malignancies of B and T lymphocytes
    non-Hodgkin lymphom
  13. chronic form of megaloblastic anemia caused by a deficit in the absorption of vitamin B12, that reduces the body's ability to produce sufficient numbers of healthy RBCs
    pernicious anemia
  14. process in which specialized white blood cells (phagocytes) engulf and destroy microorganisms, foreign antigens, and cell debris
  15. a type of pneumonia associated with AIDS
    Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
  16. disorder that causes the slow onset of muscle weakness and pain in the muscles of the trunk and pregresses to affect muscles of the neck, shoulders, back, hip, and possibly hands and fingers
    polymyositis (PM)
  17. group of chronic autoimmune diseases that cause inflammatory and fibrotic changes to skin, muscles, joints, tendons, cartilage, and other connective tissues
  18. autoimmune disorder that causes dysfunction of salivary glands in the mouth and lacrimal glands in the eyes, and affects other areas of the body
    Sjogren syndrome (SS)
  19. chronic autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation and degeneration of various connective tissues and organs in the body, such as the skin, lungs, heart, joints, kidneys, blood, or nervous system
    systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  20. reaction of antibodies present in transfused blood to RBCs in the recipients blood, or of antibodies in the recipients blood to RBCs in the transfused blood
    transfusion incompatibility reaction
  21. identification of transplanted tissue as foreign by the recipients immune system, which responds by attacking the tissue
    transplant rejection
  22. test in which paper or gauze saturated with an allergen is applied to the skin beneath an occlusive dressing and the reponse is noted
    patch test
  23. test in which an allergen is placed on a scratched area of the skin and the response is noted
    scratch test
  24. measurement of the number of specialized WBCs sometimes called helper T cells, used to identify whether a persons HIV infection is worsened
    CD-4 lymphocyte count
Card Set
chp7 diseases
lymphatic diseases