Midterm for Exploring & Research

  1. What is a control group in the experiment?
    They don't change, they don't know who they are. Give them a placebo (not an actual drug, sugar pills).
  2. What does the term peer reviewed mean? Why do we care about it?
    -People that are researchers or scientist, professionals

    -It is essential because it is a study done by qualified professionals not just someone that is random.
  3. Ethical issues on Research data, if your a researcher and the courts tell you to turn over your research can you claim privledge?
    No, you have to be careful of the people rights that you put into your research data.
  4. Definition of Anonymity
    People are kept anonymous, when neither the researchers nor the readers can identify a given response. Ex: Like a mail survey.
  5. Confidentiality
    You know who the person is, when the researcher can identify a given person's responses but promises not to do so publicly. You keep their confidentiality and not go out and talk about their business.
  6. Why is it important that we know who funds research?
    To make sure they aren't bias.
  7. How do we check if a research is reliable and get the right information?
    • Test and retest
    • Split test
  8. Definition of Critical Thinking
    Taking all sorts of information without being bias, use sophisticated reasoning.
  9. Deductive Reasoning
    Start with a theory and look for clues
  10. Inductive Reasoning
    Start with the clues and forming a theory
  11. Paradigm
    Your perspective, your view of the world
  12. Spurious
    There is a 3rd variable (explanation)
  13. Non-Spurious
    There is no 3rd variable, your not looking for a 3rd variable
  14. Empirical Scientific Approach
    -accurate observations

    -experiment can be repeated by other experts and they can replicate the experiment. They will come up with the same information
  15. Longitudinal Studies
    • Panel
    • Cohort
    • Trend
  16. Errors in Logic
    • -Overgeneralization
    • -Selective Observations- you see what you want to see
    • -Anecdotal evidence- a story
    • -Bias opinions- prejudice belief
    • -Resistance to change: you see it but you don't want to see it
    • -Inaccurate observation
    • -Adherence to authority
  17. Descriptive Research
    -gathering facts

    ex: who are the homeless
  18. Exploratory Research
    What is it like to be you
  19. Explanatory Research
    Why does it happen
  20. Evaluative Research
    evaluating studies that have already been done (study/program)
  21. Ethical issues in research and how do you address them?
    • -No harm to participants
    • -No deception? you have to use a bit of deception as long it's not going to put them in danger. Tea room party was way over the top, along with milgram and zimbardo research. Does the ends justify the means
  22. Can people that are coginitively impaired be able to volunteer for a research?
  23. Report all findings accurately and run it by someone
  24. Why are some network, internet or news information not accurate sometimes?
    They have bias opinions, political, funding bias. Sensational- they just want stories that will sell, so they add some stuff that is not true
  25. Units of Analysis
    • Individuals
    • Groups
    • Organizations
    • Social Interactions
    • Social Artifacts
  26. What makes a good study?
    • -Accredited researchers
    • -invested interest
    • -have a group that is big enough
Card Set
Midterm for Exploring & Research
Review of the midterm