Caring for People With Developmental Disabilities

  1. Autism
    A developmental disability characterized by extreme difficulty communicating and relating to other people and surroundings
  2. Cerebral palsy
    A developmental disability caused by damage to the cerebrum, the part of the brain involved with motor control
  3. Congenital
    Adjective used to describe a disorder that a person is born with
  4. Developmental disability
    A permanent disability that affects a person before he or she reaches adulthood (that is, before 19 to 22 years of age) and interferes with the person's ability to achieve developmental milestones
  5. Down syndrome
    A developmental disability that is the result of having 47 chromosomes instead of 46; people with this disorder have mental retardation and certain key physical features, such as almond-shaped eyes and square hands with short, stubby fingers
  6. Fetal alcohol syndrome
    A combination of physical and mental problems that affect children whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy
  7. Fragile X syndrome
    An inherited type of mental retardation caused by a defect in the X chromosome
  8. Hydrocephalus
    A condition that results from the build-up of cerebrospinal fluid; sometimes called "water on the brain"
  9. Mental retardation
    The state of having below-average intellectual functioning (that is, a decreased ability to reason, think, and understand) and problems with adaptive skills (that is, skills needed to live and work, such as communication skills, social skills, and self-care skills)
  10. Spina bifida
    A congenital defect of the spinal column that occurs when the vertebrae do not close properly during development leaving the spinal cord exposed
Card Set
Caring for People With Developmental Disabilities
Caring for People With Developmental Disabilities